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Safe motherhood: priorities and next steps. Forward-looking assessment on the reduction of maternal mortality and morbidity within the framework of the Safe Motherhood Initiative: (SMI).
[New York, New York], United Nations Development Programme [UNDP], 1991 Apr. , viii, 40,  p.Women in Development is one of six key policy areas for the UN Development Program's (UNDP) next programming cycle. UNDP acknowledges the hazards of pregnancy and childbirth that rob society of women society at the height of their productivity. It has supported the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) from its inception to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. UNDP reviewed its contributions at the global, regional, and national levels within the framework of SMI to determine its contributions during the 1990s. A three-person, multidisciplinary team conducted a forward-looking assessment which included interviews with 200 persons in UN and bilateral donor agencies and nongovernmental organizations, a survey of UNDP staff in developing countries, and visits to Senegal and Indonesia. The team assessed progress that has been made in policies, programs, resources, coordination, research, technical cooperation, and information. UNDP support helped initiate SMI. Its support of SMI conferences has increased awareness and political commitment. UNDP contributes funds to WHO's Safe Motherhood Operations Research Programme. Some of its SMI projects will likely achieve significant improvements in maternal health. UNDP support in Senegal and Indonesia allowed the first national needs assessments and action plans in the SMI. The team found that funding of needs assessments and action plans is constructive. It agreed with UNDP's policy of pooling its support with that of other donors. It found the present organization and structure through which UNDP funds are implemented to be appropriate. It recommended that UNDP continue to contribute to SMI. It suggested that UNDP take the lead role in establishing the International Partnership to Prevent Maternal Deaths and Disability as a mechanism to take the SMI into its next phase of translating the increased concern and technical know-how into increased safe motherhood activity at the country level.