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    Who benefits? Measuring the differential impact of new technologies.

    Mitter S

    In: Missing links: gender equity in science and technology for development, [compiled by] United Nations. Commission on Science and Technology for Development. Gender Working Group. Ottawa, Canada, International Development Research Centre [IDRC], 1995. 219-42.

    This document (the 10th chapter in a UN Gender Working Group book on the overlay of science and technology, sustainable human development, and gender issues) highlights how new technologies are improving the quality and quantity of women's modern sector employment, identifies the gender differential effects of these technologies, explores the socioeconomic reasons for such differentials, and points out where policy-makers can intervene to redress gender imbalances. Discussion of the relevance and definition of new technologies includes a look at trade flows and technology transfer. Description of the impact of technological changes 1) considers whether biotechnology is a friend or enemy of women; 2) highlights the effects of computer-aided technology on automated manufacturing, the organization of work, and information technology in the service industries; and 3) looks at the telecommunication revolution and distant working as well as the relocation of data-entry jobs. After an assessment of women in the decision-making process, the chapter explores the impact of new technologies on small- and medium-sized enterprises, on labor standards, and on training for corporate jobs. Finally, the chapter offers a research agenda to guide policy-makers, outlines the role and concerns of UN agencies, and describes a new research initiative that is focusing on improving the advocacy skills of organizations of women workers by giving them access to key information.
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