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Turning gender and HIV commitments into action for results: an update on United Nations interagency activities on women, girls, gender equality and HIV.
[Geneva, Switzerland], UNAIDS, 2009 Dec. 4 p.In September 2000, 189 UN Member States committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. Among these goals is a commitment to promoting gender equality and empowering women and combating HIV, malaria, and other diseases. Today, almost 10 years on, addressing gender inequality and AIDS remains the most significant challenge to achieving the MDGs, as well as broader health, human rights, and development goals. This update highlights key 2009 interagency initiatives, all of which operate at the intersection of gender equality, women's empowerment, and HIV.
[Geneva, Switzerland], UNAIDS, 2004 Nov.  p.The Global Coalition on Women and Aids brings together a wide range of partners - civil society groups, networks of women living with HIV and AIDS, governments, and UN agencies - who work together to lessen the devastating impact of AIDS on women and girls worldwide. Almost half of the adults living with HIV and AIDS today are women. Over the past two years, the number of women and girls infected with HIV has increased in every region of the world, with rates rising particularly rapidly in Eastern Europe, Asia, and Latin America. In sub-Saharan Africa, women and girls already make up almost 60% of adults living with HIV. Launched in early 2004, the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS works at global and national levels to highlight the effects of AIDS on women and girls and to stimulate concrete and effective action to prevent the spread of HIV. Coalition partners seek to address some of the fundamental gender inequalities that fuel the epidemic. Efforts are focused on preventing new HIV infections, promoting equal access to care and treatment, ensuring universal access to education, addressing legal inequities, reducing violence against women, and valuing women's care work within communities. (excerpt)
In: Global appeal, 2004, [compiled by] United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees [UNHCR]. Geneva, Switzerland, UNHCR, 2004. 28-43.Promoting equality between refugee women and men and ensuring that refugee women’s rights are recognised and implemented as an integral part of human rights is at the heart of UNHCR’s policy to provide better protection and assistance to refugee women. This policy is also rooted in international agreements and standards, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, ExCom conclusions, ECOSOC resolutions and Security Council Resolution 1325. UNHCR’s approach to empowering refugee women is based on mainstreaming gender equality by placing it at the centre of policy decisions. Empowering refugee women through multi-sectoral activities will enhance the protection of their rights, their capacity to participate in decision-making processes and their contribution to the well-being of their families and communities. It will also help to ensure that they participate actively in the design of durable solutions for their communities, including peace-building through reconciliation and peace negotiation processes. To this end, UNHCR will provide support to country operations to build teams and networks that will ensure adequate protection and assistance to women and girls. UNHCR will build on lessons learned to give visibility to refugee women’s capacities and needs, integrating these elements into all stages of the programming cycle. In 2004, UNHCR will promote a broadening of responsibility and accountability for the protection and empowerment of refugee women. Leadership by senior mangement in headquarters and the field offices will also be emphasised. (excerpt)
Implementation of the U.N. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: the African experience.
In: Establishing an African Women's Development and Communication Network [FEMNET], report of the Network's foundation meeting held in Nairobi, 11-15 April 1988, written and compiled by Sara H. Longwe. Nairobi, Kenya, The African Women's Task Force, 1988 Jun. 46-71.The implementation of the UN Convention (the Convention) on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women in Africa has been monitored, specifically in Egypt, Ethiopia, and Kenya. The convention was adopted by the UN General Assembly in December, 1979. It came into effect on September 30, 1981. It is made up of 30 articles and is divided into a preamble and 6 parts. Part I contains provisions defining discrimination. A "State Party" to the Convention is a State that has committed itself to the Convention. Part II has provisions on the elimination of public life and political discrimination. Nationality is also dealt with. Discrimination in health employment education, social life, and the "particular situation" of rural women are dealt with in Part III. Part IV deals with equality before the law and equality in family life and marriage. Part V deals with the committed with will monitor the Convention's implementation (CEDAW). Part VI deals with final clauses, ratification, and accession. An overview of Convention provisions follows. Around 93 countries have ratified the Convention, 25 of them African. Another 9 African countries have signed, but not ratified so far. Women have not been "partners" in Africa's development process, thereby causing lack of development, or "underemployment." Laws protect women's rights, yet nondiscrimination and equality have not been done. There are many existing needs. Seats should be reserved for women in African parliaments. Curricula on women's status should be developed. Illiteracy should be eliminated. The Convention should be translated into local languages and distributed. An Appendix contains "Comments on the Proposed African Women's Development and Communication Network."