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New York, New York, UNICEF, 2002 Apr. 15 p.Basic education is the right of every girl and boy. UNICEF is especially concerned about including children who are excluded from learning: those who are out of school, and those who are excluded while in school. Providing all children with access to schooling was the primary focus of the early drive towards Education For All (EFA) following the World Conference on Education For All in Jomtien, Thailand, in 1990. Progress has been made towards this goal. Primary-school enrolments have increased in all regions. However, of an estimated 700 million primary-school-aged children, roughly 120 million are still out of school today and the majority of these are girls. Ensuring access alone is not enough. The quality of education is also a significant issue, closely linked to the state of girls’ education. At the 2000 World Education Forum in Dakar, Senegal, 164 countries agreed to work for elimination of the gender gap in enrolment (gender parity) by the year 2005, and gender equality by 2015. We are nowhere near these goals. (author's)
New York, New York, United Nations, 2003. ix, 101 p. (ST/ESA/SER.A/218)The primary objective of the present report is to examine the levels and trends of population migration to selected countries in Asia using available statistics as a guide, and focusing primarily on changes that have occurred since 1970. The report discusses the burgeoning of labour migration during the past decades, in response to the development of strong economies in Eastern, Southeastern and Western Asia. It also touches on permanent settlement of people and refugee flows that have characterized several countries in Asia. (excerpt)
HIV-infected women and their families: psychosocial support and related issues. A literature review.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], Department of Reproductive Health and Research, 2003. vi, 57 p. (Occasional Paper; WHO/RHR/03.07; WHO/HIV/2003.07)This review is divided into three sections. Section one provides a synthesis of the reviewed literature on prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, voluntary HIV testing and counselling (VCT), and other issues that impact on the care, psychosocial support and counselling needs of HIV-infected women and their families in the perinatal period. Section two provides examples from around the world of projects that focus on the care and support of women and families, with a focus on MTCT. The fi nal section contains recommendations on psychosocial support and counselling for HIV-infected women and families. (excerpt)
Victoria, Canada, Communication Initiative, 2002 Dec 19. 2 p.Implemented in 2001 by UNICEF-Peru as part of a five-year initiative, this programme addresses the issue of children's, adolescents', and women's rights by bolstering interpersonal communication skills among public services workers, intermediaries between supply and demand (community agents, teachers, and community leaders), and families and individuals. The programme, which includes remote communities of the Andes and Amazon in its reach, draws on the use of culturally relevant and non-threatening messages to increase the participation of communities and families so they can demand that their rights be respected. Other features of the project include providing technical assistance to improve communication among those who provide basic services, and revamping the manner in which the media treats issues related to children and women's rights. (author's)
Making safe motherhood a reality in West Africa. Using indicators to programme for results. [Pour que la maternité sans risque devienne une réalité en Afrique de l'Ouest. Le recours à des indicateurs nécessitant d'être développés en vue de l'obtention de résultats]
New York, New York, UNFPA, 2003. 31 p.For too long, maternal mortality reduction efforts stalled, in large part because the facts underlying the problem—and the best strategies to address it—were poorly understood. That is why we are so proud to present this report as the first outcome of a collaborative effort between UNFPA and the Governments of Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal. This report is a tangible reflection of our determination to address maternal mortality using a strategic and practical evidence- based approach in a region where data has been scarce, and where too many women have died. This document represents the first careful assessment of obstetric services in these five countries using emergency obstetric care process indicators. Process indicators assess the critical emergency obstetric care functions that should be made available to all women experiencing complications of pregnancy. These indicators are sensitive, relatively easy to collect, and therefore suitable for monitoring progress in our collective fight against maternal mortality and morbidity. Most important, they can identify problems and suggest their amelioration within a fairly short period of time. This can help programme managers stay on track and save women’s lives. In the countries surveyed, Ministries of Health collaborated with UNFPA and played leadership roles during national workshops aimed at sharing the assessments with other agencies involved in safe motherhood programmes, including WHO and UNICEF. This kind of collaboration and knowledge sharing is extremely useful for strengthening programmes. It not only ensures full ownership of the process but also spotlights those services that need urgent attention by all partners. Malawi and Morocco, which earlier carried out similar initiatives, contributed to the process by sharing their experiences in collecting and using process indicators at the methodology workshop that launched this project. Since then, word of these studies has spread to other countries, and The Gambia, Gabon and Guinea-Bissau are replicating this exercise, with UNFPA support. This phased approach means we can continue to build on past efforts and to use our resources effectively as we move forward. Our hope is that many other partners will support the respective Governments in their efforts to reduce maternal mortality rates as part of our commitment to the Millennium Development Goals. The Maternal Mortality Update 2002, which is published as a companion piece to this report, documents other efforts of UNFPA to make childbearing safer for women around the world. Together these documents underscore UNFPA’s larger commitment to fulfilling women’s right to life and reproductive health. (excerpt)
[Project on the promotion of girls' schooling in a rural environment. Exploratory and regulatory evaluation. Preliminary version] Projet relatif a la promotion de la scolarisation de la fille en milieu rural. Evaluation exploratoire-regulatrice. Version preliminaire.
[Rabat], Morocco, Ministere de l'Education Nationale, 1996 Jun. 92,  p.A project to promote the formal education of rural girls was implemented during 1992-96 as part of a cooperative program between the government of Morocco and UNICEF. Destined to extend into 1998, the project aims to increase the net rates of school attendance among rural girls to 50%, 65%, and 80% in 1994, 1995, and 1996, respectively; to keep 80% of rural girls enrolled in school at least throughout the first cycle of basic education; and to promote literacy, especially among young girls and women. To achieve these goals, the project was developed around the 4 following axes: social mobilization to support the formal education of girls in rural areas, improving the supply of and demand for such education, teacher training, and community involvement in developing education programs for rural girls. Results are presented from the evaluation of a sample of 10 of the 17 provinces involved in the project. Results are presented upon the characteristics of surveyed populations, obstacles to educating girls in rural areas, social mobilization, improving the demand for and supply of formal education, teaching training, community involvement, and priority actions to promote the education of girls in rural areas. Recommendations are made before the final section of annexes of reference terms, tables of measures taken, data collection tools, and indicators of enrollment rates in the surveyed provinces.
[Unpublished] . iv, 112 p.This US government report opens with a general description of the changes which have taken place in the composition and life circumstances of US women between the 1980 and 1990 census. The status of US women is then described under the main headings of equality, development, and peace. Equality is determined in terms of the number of women in elective office, in appointive office, and employed in federal agencies; the relationship of women to the judicial system; women decision-makers in the private sector; and governmental and nongovernmental actions and mechanisms to advance the status of women. Development is explored through a consideration of poverty, aging, teenage pregnancy, welfare reform, housing, health, education, employment status, wages and benefits, deterring sexual harassment, access to vocational resources, and the environment. The discussion of peace centers on violence against women, women in the military, refugee resettlement, and advocacy for peace.
Washington, D.C., U.S. Office of International Health, Division of Planning and Evaluation, 1976. 144 p. (Syncrisis: the dynamics of health, XIX)This report uses available statistics to examine health conditions in Senegal and their interaction with socioeconomic development. Background data are presented, after which population, health status, nutrition, environmental health, health infrastructure, facilities, services and manpower, national health policy and planning, international organizations, and the Sahel are discussed. Diseases such as malaria, measles, tuberculosis, trachoma and venereal diseases are endemic in Senegal, and high levels of infant and childhood mortality exist throughout the country but especially in rural areas. Diarrhea, respiratory infections, and neonatal tetanus contribute to this mortality and are evidence of the poor health environment, and lack of basic services including nutrition assistance, health education, and potable water. Nutrition in Senegal appears to be good in general, but seasonal and local variations sometimes produce malnutrition. Lowered fertility rates would reduce infant and maternal mortality and morbidity and might slow the present decline in per capita food intake. At present the government of Senegal has no population policy and almost no provisions for family planning services. Health services are inadequate and inefficient, with shortages of all levels of health manpower, poor planning, and overemphasis on curative services.