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New York, New York, IWHC, . 10 p.The United States Congress is pursuing a number of misguided domestic and international policies that have profound—and profoundly counterproductive–impacts on women in the United States and around the world. Each individual action deserves attention; taken together they paint a chilling picture of Congress' willingness to sacrifice women and girls to gain political favor with those on the far right. In tandem with the Bush administration, the Republican-dominated 108th Congress is chipping away at women’s rights and health both at home and abroad. The International Women’s Health Coalition has compiled some of its most egregious actions, as a complement to our ongoing monitoring of the Bush administration (see the Bush’s Other War factsheet at http://www.bushsotherwar.com). (excerpt)
The new information technologies and women: essential reflections. [La nueva tecnología de la información y la mujer: reflexiones fundamentales]
Santiago, Chile, United Nations, Economic Commission for Latin America [ECLAC], 2003 Jul. 56 p. (CEPAL - SERIE Mujer y Desarrollo No. 39)Although in Latin America and the Caribbean there is growing concern to take into account the issue of gender in public policies, this process is still embryonic and fragmented in the case of economic and technological policies. The Women and Development Unit of ECLAC is therefore implementing the project "Institutionalization of gender policies within ECLAC and sectoral ministries". The objective of this project is to strengthen technical policies, strategies, tools and capacities, both within ECLAC and in selected countries of the region, in order to encourage equity between men and women in the process and benefits of development, especially with regard to economic and labour policies. One of the activities of the project, organized by the Women and Development Unit together with the International Trade Division of ECLAC and the Centre for Women's Studies and Social Gender Relations of the University of São Paulo, was a meeting of experts on "Globalization, technological change and gender equity" in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, on 5 and 6 November 2001. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the most relevant aspects of the opportunities and restrictions imposed by the processes of globalization and technological change, with the aim of proposing areas for research, as well as an agenda of public policies that would help to achieve equity. This document was presented as a background study for the discussion at the meeting of experts. It is clear from the text that the new technologies are taking us into a dizzy time of new exclusions, and that in addition to being a material reality they are also a discursive product with effects on institutions, public policies and individuals. The study reviews an extensive amount of theoretical literature, as well as most of the research concerning the inclusion and relationship of women in connection with the new information technologies and skills. This review identifies the major obstacle to reinforcing the potential positive impacts of the new technologies as the lack of information on how they, and especially computers, can help policies, and also individual women, to achieve their goals. It is also shown that we are dealing with two disconnected concepts: the information society and the information economy, and the gender perspective is presented as a means of linking them. As for the impact on social and gender equity, and the current digital divide, according to this document research is needed on more than access alone. There is patently a need for policies to regulate and democratize the new information and knowledge technologies, and it is important to analyze the collective imaginary that is being constructed around them and the different forms of subjectivity that the Internet is encouraging, within a perspective of the future and of changes in social relations. (author's)
Women and Environments International. 2003 Spring; (58-59):52.The Magdalena Pacifica Festival in Cali exhibited performances from some 30 Colombian companies, all of which focused on issues relating to women. The second part of the festival took place in Bogota at the invitation of Patricia Ariza, one of the most important and well-respected theatre activists in Colombia. (excerpt)
Further promotion and encouragement of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the question of the programme and methods of work of the commission. Alternative approaches and ways and means within the United Nations system for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences. Addendum : Report on the mission of the Special Rapporteur to Brazil on the issue of domestic violence (15-26 July 1996).
[Unpublished] 1997 Jan 21 28 p. (E/CN.4/1997/47/Add.2)This document reprints the report of a July 1996 visit to Brazil of the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women to conduct an in-depth study of the issue of domestic violence. The introduction notes that this report is a case study meant to complement a previous report on violence against women in the family and that the investigation was conducted at the invitation of the Brazilian government. The first part of the report presents three case histories of women victims of domestic violence. The second session sketches the nature of the problem, and the third section describes the existing international, regional, and national legislative framework dealing with domestic violence. Section 4 describes the role of the police in combating domestic violence and their importance as the first refuge sought by women victims as well as issues pertinent to the existence since 1985 of women's police stations. The fifth section reviews pertinent health policy and notes the shortage of shelters for battered women. Section 6 provides an overview of how the judicial, legislative, and executive branches of government have responded to the problem, and the seventh section discusses actions taken by nongovernmental organizations and women's groups. The final section contains conclusions and specific recommendations for appropriate actions at the international, regional, national, and local levels.
Washington, D.C., CEDPA, . 20 p.This 1996 annual report of the Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA) opens with a message from CEDPA's board, which notes that the organization's activities have continued to expand through efforts to improve health, development, human rights, and gender equality in Africa, Asia, eastern Europe, and Latin America. In particular, CEDPA worked with nongovernmental organizations and funding agencies to achieve continued growth of women's advocacy, activism, and leadership. During 1996, CEDPA used participatory processes to provide technical assistance and training to 73 community organizations that acted as policy advocates, advanced women's rights, extended media impact, and mobilized interfaith action. Also during 1996, CEDPA's gender-focused family planning and reproductive health projects were expanded; CEDPA conducted a Democracy and Governance Initiative, which involved leading women's groups in an effort to build civil society in Nigeria; family planning, reproductive health, and maternal/child health were promoted in Nepal; and maternal health services were strengthened in Romania. In the area of youth and leadership, CEDPA provided training, funding, and technical assistance to 40 partners in 20 countries and sponsored conferences in the US and India. The Better Life Options for Girls and Young Women program flourished, and adolescent reproductive health was promoted in Africa and Latin America. Girls in Egypt received education and training, and youth rights were promoted in Africa and Asia. CEDPA's capacity-building training program reached 841 people representing 54 countries, and CEDPA partners moved to attain program sustainability and increase gender equity in programs, projects, and institutions. Regional networks strengthened training and advocacy efforts. In addition to describing these activities, this annual report lists CEDPA's training participants by region, sponsors of the global training program, training mentors, partners, supporters, board and staff members, publications, and offices and provides a financial statement for 1996.
In: Gender, health, and sustainable development: a Latin American perspective. Proceedings of a workshop held in Montevideo, Uruguay, 26-29 April 1994, edited by Pandu Wijeyaratne, Janet Hatcher Roberts, Jennifer Kitts, and Lori Jones Arsenault. Ottawa, Canada, International Development Research Centre, 1994 Sep. 19-25.A non-profit, nongovernmental organization, the Paulina Luisa Movement was founded in 1985. It is based in the poor Cerro Largo region of Uruguay. There has been considerable concern for many years over the quality of health care which women receive in public and private health clinics. Health services in Uruguay generally perpetuate the notion that men should be the ultimate authority. In the field of medicine, the male doctor, not the female doctor, holds power and knowledge. These men are usually loathe to establish equal and cooperative relationships with their female patients. In this context, four years ago, the coordinators of the movement began to design a new model for women's health care. Many programs were launched designed to improve health services for women. When HIV/AIDS emerged as a serious heath concern, it was immediately incorporated into the women's health program. This paper describes an HIV/AIDS education intervention project proposed by the Paulina Movement and other nongovernmental organizations to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1992. The project was approved by the WHO and was developed in 1993 throughout Argentina and Uruguay. Project objectives, methodology, the vulnerability of women to HIV/AIDS, and results are presented. The 82 women involved in the project learned new approaches to avoiding infection with HIV.
Second Preparatory Committee of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. A review of major events and themes from the standpoint of a non-governmental organization involved in women's issues.
[Unpublished] . 8,  p.The US-based Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, a nongovernmental organization (NGO), participated in the two-week Second Preparatory Committee (PrepCom II) meeting for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo held in New York City in May 1993. Representatives from governments and 332 NGOs participated in the preparation of the Proposed Conceptual Framework of the Draft Recommendations of the Conference. NGOs participated by lobbying their respective governments. They organized themselves into groups on both a regional and issue basis. A controversy whirled around the importance of environmental concerns to policies of population and development and the role and structure of the family. The Vatican convinced Colombia and other South American nations to request a section entitled The Family, Its Role and Composition. Its concerns centered on sex education, care of the elderly, and AIDS within the family. Morocco also supported this section. The NGO Women's Caucus submitted papers containing specific language on provisions related to women's issues to governmental delegations. The US delegation, headed by Timothy Wirth, renewed its commitment to population issues and affirmed the centrality of women and their reproductive rights to the implementation of population policies. Political undercurrents at PrepCom II revolved around the North-South divide, reproductive health versus family planning, and human rights. In some instances, NGOs on both sides of the divide concurred on some issues. Some Southern NGOs took positions opposite their governments. Some NGOs wanted to expand discussions from family planning to reproductive health. Reproductive rights were the most popular human rights concept at PrepCom II.
[Women become "humans" in the regional preparatory meeting for the World Conference on Human Rights for Latin America and the Caribbean] Las mujeres se vuelven "humanas" en la reunion regional preparatoria de la Conferencia Mundial sobre Derechos Humanos para America Latina y el Caribe.
CASA DE LA MUJER. 1993; (4):7-12.The Latin American and Caribbean Regional Preparatory Meeting for the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights was attended by representatives from over 150 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). The women's groups attending the preparatory meeting succeeded in developing a "women's platform" whose proposals were largely adopted by the main conference. The composition of the attending NGOS was varied. Some of the women represented the traditional, androcentric human rights focus, while around 20 of the organizations were feminist. Human rights groups and women's organizations were urged not to wait for a government invitation, but to seek accreditation and attend the conference independently. The feminists prepared for the conference with a preliminary satellite conference in which a 19-point women's platform was created and strategy was discussed. The women consequently were able to use the conference time for meeting and lobbying the delegates. The women's platform was distributed to women's and human rights groups before the conference so that they would arrive prepared to defend it. The satellite conference debated the need to reconceptualize "human rights". The significance of "human being" is often taken to refer to male human being, and human rights might then be considered rights of male human beings. A second theme debated was whether mechanisms to protect the human rights of women are insufficient and marginal in UN activities. The feminization of poverty resulting from neoliberal policies, gender violence as one of the gravest forms of discrimination against women, and the need for recognition of rights required only by women were other topics debated. The final Declaration incorporated a paragraph affirming that violence against women should be considered a violation of human rights.
[Unpublished] 1994. Presented at the International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD], Cairo, Egypt, September 5-13, 1994.  p.In his address to the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), the leader of the delegation from Antigua and Barbuda noted that every civilization has nourished the seed of its own destruction, and that modern civilization, with its desire for development, is no exception. Humanity must decide whether to continue to foster the unequal distribution of financial resources or to adopt a more equitable global economy and to foster a small population which consumes less. The view of Antigua and Barbuda is that the ICPD's mission is to plot the course of human history and to avoid disaster by removing the seeds of destruction from modern civilization. Even small nations like Antique and Barbuda must limit population growth or face the destruction of natural resources, especially since the population-reducing avenue of emigration is closing. Specific efforts which have been made include providing adequate training and education to young women who formerly would have left school because of a pregnancy or who left school prematurely. In addition, the islands have had great success in reducing the percentage of births to adolescent mothers, largely through the cooperative work of nongovernmental organizations and the Ministry of Health. The human race must overcome controversy and cynicism to find new ways of ensuring that our population size and development choices will not destroy our planet.