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  1. 1

    The sinister strangeness of silence - UN High Commissioner for Refugees, UNICEF, US Agency for International Development and World Food Program ask that they be allowed to provide humanitarian aid to affected people in the Zarian war zone.

    UN Chronicle. 1997 Spring; 34(1):[3] p..

    As representatives of the Zairian Government and the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (ADFL) prepared to meet in South Africa, a Joint Statement on the crisis in eastern Zaire was released by: Emma Bonino, European Union Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid; Sadako Ogata, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); Carol Bellamy, Executive Director, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF); A. Namanga Ngongi, Deputy Director, World Food Programme (WFP); and Brian Atwood, Administrator, USAID. The following is excerpted from that statement: "We appeal to the participants in the talks to fully consider the urgent humanitarian needs of hundreds of thousands of refugees and displaced Zairians stranded in the war zone." We call on the parties to respect humanitarian principles and the Geneva Conventions, to allow aid agencies free access to refugees and displaced persons among whom are thousands of children, and to enable aid workers to reach and assist them. Aid agencies should be able to work without any restrictions to save many thousands of refugees who are exhausted after months of roaming desperately through the jungle and whose lives are currently hanging by a thread. These peoples' needs must not be overlooked as the Zairian parties prepare for political negotiations over their country's future. They need help and they need it now. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Investigating health in Guatemala.

    Miller C

    Global HealthLink. 2001 Jul-Aug; (110):11, 17.

    With a population of more than 6 million, expected to double in just 22 years, and with the highest infant mortality rate in the hemisphere, high maternal mortality rates and low contraceptive use, our objective was to find hope among people recovering from 36 years of civil war. In August, the Global Health Council is taking a congressional delegation to Guatemala and Honduras on a study tour to show the strides made and challenges unmet. Two hours outside of Guatemala City is San Juan Comalapa, Chimaltenango, where we visited a small rural clinic providing maternal and child health (MCH) services. This clinic is one of many supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) 1997 “Better Health for Rural Women and Children” grant to the Guatemalan Ministry of Health (MOH), focused on reducing the gap in health care services between rural Mayans and urban Latino populations. A result of the 1996 Peace Accords, this program is considered the largest health reform example in the world of a MOH contracting out to NGOs to extend basic health services to poor populations. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Perspectives and Prospects, April 20-21, 1998, Paris, France.

    Cullen M; Forman JM

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, Social Development Department, Post-Conflict Unit, 1998 Aug. 44 p.

    As part of a global workshop series on the transition from war to peace, the World Bank Post-Conflict Unit, in collaboration with the World Bank's Paris Office, held a workshop focusing on conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction in Paris, France, April 20-21, 1998. The meeting involved two distinct but interrelated efforts to bring together existing thinking about the area of post-conflict reconstruction. The first day was dedicated to exploring ways that development assistance and private investment can address the root causes of conflict. The second day of the Paris conference was planned as a follow-up to an October 1997 conference sponsored by the US Agency for International Development's Office of Transition Initiatives. The 1997 conference brought together donor agencies' newly-created post-conflict offices, with the aim of gaining a clearer vision of how governments and multilateral organizations are moving forward to address the operational needs that have emerged since the end of the Cold War.
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