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[Latin America. Regional Seminar on Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys. Proceedings. November 8-13, 1981] America Latina. Seminario Regional sobre las Encuestas de Prevalencia del Uso de Anticonceptivos. Actas. Noviembre 8-13 de 1981.
Columbia, Maryland, Westinghouse Health Systems, 1981. 65 p. (Las Encuestas de Prevalencia del Uso de Anticonceptivos II)This report of the proceedings of the Regional Seminar on Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys (CPSs) in Latin America, held in Lima, Peru, in November 1981, includes the schedule of events; list of participants; opening discourses and presentations by the sponsors, Westinghouse Health Systems and the US Agency for International Development; country reports for Colombia, Costa Rica, and Mexico; and brief summaries of the work sessions on data evaluation, cooperation between the technical survey staff and the program administrators who will use the findings, survey planning, questionnaire design, fieldwork, the phases of CPS work, data processing, sampling, use of CPS data, graphic presentation of findings, and determination of unsatisfied demand for family planning services. Representatives of 17 countries and 8 international organizations attended the conference, whose main objectives were to introduce the CPS program to participants unfamiliar with it, contribute to improvement of future surveys by sharing experiences and introducing new techniques of investigation, discuss the application of CPS findings, and encourage dialogue between the technical personnel involved in conducting the surveys and the administrators of programs utilizing the results. The introduction to the CPS program by Westinghouse Health Systems covered the goals and objectives of the program, its organization and implementation, dissemination of results, basic characteristics of the survey, the status of CPS surveys in Latin America and a list of countries participating in the program, and a brief overview of contraceptive use by married women aged 15-44 by method in countries for which results were available. The country reports detailed experiences in survey design, fieldwork methodology, organization and administration of the surveys, and other aspects, as well as highlighting some of the principal findings.
Asia Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys Regional Workshop Proceedings, Pattaya, Thailand, February 16-20, 1981.
Columbia, Maryland, Westinghouse Health Systems, 1981 Feb. 47 p.Papers and summaries of discussions from the Asia Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys Regional Workshop held in Pattaya, Thailand, in 1981 are presented. The report begins with 2 papers describing and tracing the history of the worldwide Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys (CPS) Project and explaining the interest of the US Agency for International Development in the surveys. The objectives of the workshop and its participants are then detailed. CPS country presentations for Bangladesh, Korea, Nepal, and Thailand are followed by summaries of small-group discussions of data problems. A diagram of the planning process established the framework for the remaining work. A general discussion of the assessment of country data needs is accompanied by brief statements of programs for which data are needed, purpose of data collection, data available and data needed in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Korea, Nepal, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. Reports of sessions on how to match a CPS to available resources and how to develop and implement CPS are then given. A discussion of the institutionalization of CPS is followed by final reports for the 7 participating countries. The workshop agenda and list of participants is included in the report.
[Introduction of the CPS (Contraceptive Prevalence Survey) by USAID. Some perspectives on the Contraceptive Prevalence Surveys and on the future of survey research] Introduccion de la EPA por USAID. Algunas perspectivas sobre las encuestas de prevalencia del uso de anticonceptivos y sobre el porvenir de las investigaciones por medio de encuestas.
In: Westinghouse Health Systems. America Latina. Seminario Regional sobre las Encuestas de Prevalencia del Uso de Anticonceptivos. Actas. Noviembre 8-13 de 1981. Columbia, Maryland, Westinghouse Health Systems, 1981. 17-8. (Las Encuestas de Prevalencia del Uso de Anticonceptivos II)US Agency for International Development assistance to contraceptive prevalence survey (CPS) programs represents an extension of earlier American government assistance with health, census, and other statistical work carried out throughout the world since before World War II. Such aid is based on the beliefs that planners and administrators need accurate and up-to-date information on which to base their decisions, that rapid population growth has a significant impact on social and economic conditions, and that each couple has the right to determine the number and spacing of children. The number of developing countries offering family planning services has increased from 6 before 1965 to around 70 at present, and indications are that contraceptive usage is increasing. Also affecting the development of CPS programs are the increasing range of contraceptive distribution programs within countries, which lessen the relevance of statistics derived solely from government family planning clinics; the difficulty of relating family planning activities to changes in fertility rates; and technological improvements in survey methodology. Future challenges in the use of such surveys will involve funding cutbacks, difficulties of retaining qualified personnel in statistical departments given the low salaries offered by public agencies, the development of close and cooperative relationships between the gatherers of CPS data and the functionaries who use it, and the problem of providing truly timely data. The luxury of carrying out surveys 1 at a time is no longer practical, and should be replaced by an assembly line process offering a continuous program of collecting, analyzing, and processing data. A normalization and unification of procedures, training programs, and questionnaire preparation should be sought to reduce the time needed for these necessary preliminary steps. Automated technology is needed for collecting, processing, and analyzing data.
Paris, France, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1974. (CD/SDD/288) 68 pParticipants' views on shorter population conferences in Africa, rather than longer training workshops, are analyzed. It is concluded that the impact of such conferences could be improved by more precise planning and selection of themes and participants. So far the conferences have succeeded in affecting donor agency views rather than changing African governments' opinions. Some agencies use inappropriate strategies, overemphasizing family planning. Such plans fail to accomplish their desired end. Participants generally agree that advance information should be available and more quick follow-up work is necessary. Conferences should try to be small and short, preferably organized by the U.N. The selection of participants should include more women, fewer government officials, and fewer of the "regular" participants. Opinions regarding problems and viewpoints often differ between anglophone and francophone African communities.