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Egypt, USAID. 1978 March; 82.A review of Egypt's population/family planning policy and assessment of the current population problem is included in a multi-year population strategy for USAID in Egypt, which also comprises: 1) consideration of the major contraints to expanded practice of family size limitation; 2) assessment of the Egyptian government's commitment to fertility control; 3) suggestions for strengthening the Egyptian program and comment on possible donor roles; and 4) a recommended U.S. strategy and comment on the implications of the recommendations. The text of the review includes: 1) demographic goals and factors; 2) assessment of current population efforts; 2) proposed approaches and action for fertility reduction in Egypt; and 4) implication for U.S. population assistance. Based on analysis of Egyptian population program efforts, the following approaches are considered essential to a successful program of fertility reduction: 1) effective management and delivery of family planning services; 4) an Egyptian population educated, motivated and participating in reducing family size; 5) close donor coordination; and 6) emphasis on the role of women.
CBFPS (Community-based Family Planning Services) in Thailand: a community-based approach to family planning.
Essex, Connecticut, International Council for Educational Development, 1978. (A project to help practitioners help the rural poor, case study no. 6) 91 pThis report and case study of the Community-Based Family Planning Service (CBFPS) in Thailand describes and evaluates the program in order to provide useful operational lessons for concerned national and international agencies. CBFPS has demonstrated the special role a private organization can play not only in providing family planning services, but in helping to pioneer a more integrated approach to rural development. The significant achievement of CBFPS is that it has overcome the familiar barriers of geographical access to family planning information and contraceptive supplies by making these available in the village community itself. The report gives detailed information on the history and development of the CBFPS, its current operation and organization, financial resources, and overall impact. Several important lessons were learned from the project: 1) the successful development of a project depends on a strong and dynamic leader; 2) cooperation between the public and private sectors is essential; 3) the success of a project depends primarily on the effectiveness of community-based activities; 4) planning and monitoring activities represent significant ingredients of project effectiveness; 5) a successful project needs a sense of commitment among its staff; 6) it is imperative that a project maintain good public relations; 7) the use of family planning strategy in introducing self-supporting development programs can be very effective; 8) manning of volunteer workers is crucial to project success; and 9) aside from acceptor recruitment in the short run, the primary purpose of education in more profound matterns such as childbearing, womens'roles in the family, and family life should also be kept in mind. The key to success lies in continuity of communication and education.
In: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Development Center. International assistance for population programmes: recipient and donor views. Paris, OECD, 1970. p. 107-133Pakistan has been experiencing an increasing rate of population growth since the beginning of the 20th century. During the period from 1960 to 1965, about 40% of the economic growth was absorbed by population increase. In order to deal with this problem, the Family Planning Association of Pakistan was founded in 1953. It soon became recognized that the government would need to assume primary responsibility if family planning efforts were to be successful. The 3rd plan of Pakistan includes a revised and more comprehensive family planning scheme. The minimum goal set for the program is to reduce the birthrate from an estimated 50-40/1000 by reaching all the estimated 20,000,000 fertile couples by the year 1970. The current scheme in Pakistan is postulated on the following 6 basic assumptions: 1) family planning efforts need to be public relations oriented and not merely clinical; 2) operations should be conducted through autonomous bodies with decentralized authority; 3) monetary incentives play an important role; 4) interpersonal motivation in terms of life experiences of the clientele through familiar contacts along with mass media publicity should be used; 5) supplies and services should be easily available to all people; and 6) training, evaluation, and research should be multidimensional and continual as an integral part of the program. During the 4th Plan, 1970-1975, family planning efforts will be greatly expanded. Some of the main features of the 4th Plan will be an expansion of the field structure, more emphasis on training research and evaluation, inclusion of hormonal contraceptives, and increased relaince on sterilization.
Country Profiles. 1972 Oct; 19.The estimated population of Iran in 1972 was 31,000,000, with an estimated rate of natural increase of 3.2% per year. In 1966 61% of the population lived in rural areas, male literacy was 41% and female literacy 18%. Coitus interruptus is the most common form of contraception used in Iran, followed by condoms. Because of the rapid rate of population growth, the government has taken a strong stand in support of family planning. The Ministry of Health coordinates family planning activities through the Family Planning Division. Contraceptive supplies are delivered free of charge through clinics. The national family planning program also is involved in postpartum programs, training of auxiliary personnel, communication and motivation for family planning population education, evaluation and research. The overall goal of the program is to reduce the growth rate of 2.4% by 1978, and to 1% by 1990.