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Report on developments and activities related to population information during the decade since the convening of the World Population Conference, Bucharest, 1974.
New York, United Nations, 1984 Jun. vi, 52 p. (POPIN Bulletin No. 5 ISEA/POPIN/5)A summary of developments in the population information field during the decade 1974-84 is presented. Progress has been made in improving population services that are available to world users. "Population Index" and direct access to computerized on-line services and POPLINE printouts are available in the US and 13 other countries through a cooperating network of institutions. POPLINE services are also available free of charge to requestors from developing countries. Regional Bibliographic efforts are DOCPAL for Latin America. PIDSA for Africa, ADOPT and EBIS/PROFILE. Much of the funding and support for population information activities comes from 4 major sources: 1) UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA): 2) US Agency for International Development (USAID); 3) International Development Research Centre (IRDC): and 4) the Government of Australia. There are important philosophical distinctions in the support provided by these sources. Duplication of effort is to be avoided. Many agencies need to develop an institutional memory. They are creating computerized data bases on funded projects. The creation of these data bases is a major priority for regional population information services that serve developing countries. Costs of developing these information services are prohibitive; however, it is important to see them in their proper perspective. Many governments are reluctant to commit funds for these activites. Common standards should be adopted for population information. Knowledge and use of available services should be increased. The importance os back-up services is apparent. Hard-copy reproductions of items in data bases should be included. This report is primarily descriptive rather than evaluative. However, given the increase in population distribution and changes in government attitudes over the importance of population matters, the main tasks for the next decade should be to build on these foundations; to insure effective and efficient use of services; to share experience and knowledge through POPIN and other networks; and to demonstrate to governments the valuable role of information programs in developing national population programs.
Directory of development resources: on-call technical support services, information clearinghouses, field research facilities, newsletters, data banks, training.
Washington, D.C., U.S. Agency for International Development, Office of Development Information and Utilization, 1979 Jun. 345 p.This directory was compiled and published by the Office of Development Information and Utilization (DIU) at the headquarters of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The purpose of the directory is to increase awareness, particularly among less developed countries, of currently available development resources. The resources covered are U.S.-based data banks; U.S.-based information clearinghouses; newsletters and journals published by U.S. organizations; on-call technical support services available through USAID arrangements with U.S. institutions; and national, regional, and international development institutions and organizations located outside the U.S., primarily in less developed countries, which offer one or more of the following: information clearinghouses, newsletters and journals, research, and training. With a few exceptions, the resources listed were funded by USAID. The directory begins with publications and services of the Office of Development Information and Utilization including technicians on call for development; research literature for development; research literature summary; and USAID research and development abstracts. Maps of Africa, Middle East, South Asia, Far East, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, United States, and the World are also included. Forms for readers' comments complete the directory.
Population and Development Review. 1979 Sep; 5(3):387-403.4 types of data are commonly presented in estimates of population size and trends: population size, crude birth rates, changes in crude birth rates, and measures of rates of population growth. World population sizes range from 3920 million by the Worldwatch Institute to 4147 million by the Environmental Fund. Crude birth rate estimates range from a low of 26.6/1000 (AID) to 33.7/1000 (Environmental Fund). With China the range for developing countries is from 30.8 to 40.2/1000. The world crude birth rate dropped by 12% between 1950-55 and 1970-75. Mauldin and Berelson postulate that the birth rate in the developing world declined from 41 to 35.5/1000 between 1965-75. Declines in the birth rate have exceeded those in the death rate. The United Nations (UN) data, above all others, has seniority in authority and experience in collecting and evaluating national data. The UN is less concerned with day to day changes and takes a longer, broader perspective. The Bureau of the Census is the next most reliable authority for data. Their compendium presents basic demographic data from every country in the world. The Bureau is very conservative about accepting new sources of data. The Population Reference Bureau is an intermediate source which provides as early warning system for AID in contraceptive use and fertility data.
Voorburg, The Hague, Netherlands, International Statistical Institute, (1979), (World Fertility Survey) 91 pThe World Fertility Survey assesses the current state of fertility through promotion and support of nationally representative, internationally comparable, and scientifically conducted sample surveys of fertility behavior in as many countries as possible. With the collaboration of the UN, the WFS is conducted by the International Statistical Institute in cooperation with the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. It is funded by the UN and USAID. The position of developing counties at the end of 1978 were as follows: 11 intending to participate; 9 in the preparatory/data collection stage; 12 in data processing stage; 17 in analysis stage; and 1 completed. Of the participating countries 12 are in Africa, 14 in Asia and the Pacific, 1 in Europe, 5 in the Middle East, 4 in the Caribbean, and 14 in Latin America. Summaries of committees and meetings are included in this report. Two national seminars, one in Nepal and one in Sri Lanka, were held in 1978 and focussed attention and publication of Country Reports No. 1. The first of a series of workshops on data analysis was convened in Bombay and organized jointly with UNESCAP and the International Institute for Population Studies.
London, England, IPPF, 1977. 428 p.This report describes IPPF's world-wide program from 1975-77. Financial and statistical statements are accompanied by narrative texts. In 1975 the number of family planning acceptors increased by about 5% or 1.8 million reached directly by IPPF-funded service programs. Between 1971 and 1974 the overall acceptance rate for organized family planning programs in countries with government programs was about 35/1000 women aged 15-44. The acceptance rate of IPPF-supported programs increased from 2.1 to 2.7/1000. IPPF's contribution was about 8% of the 1974 total. As a distributing and purchasing agency for contraceptive supplies and medical equipment, IPPF purchased $8.5 million worth of commodities in 1975, $7.5 million in 1976, and $7 million in 1977. About 2/3 represent oral contraceptives and condoms. The world summary of projected expenditures, 1977, includes 20.7%/information and education, 21.6%/medical and clinical, 20.4%/administration, 14.2%/commodities, 7.6%/community-based distribution, 6.2%/training, 3.2%/evaluation, and 1.6%/fund raising. Regional reports include a program description of the regional office, financial statements, clinic service statements, program descriptions of grant receiving associations, and a brief summary of expenditure.
Paris, France, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1974. (CD/SDD/288) 68 pParticipants' views on shorter population conferences in Africa, rather than longer training workshops, are analyzed. It is concluded that the impact of such conferences could be improved by more precise planning and selection of themes and participants. So far the conferences have succeeded in affecting donor agency views rather than changing African governments' opinions. Some agencies use inappropriate strategies, overemphasizing family planning. Such plans fail to accomplish their desired end. Participants generally agree that advance information should be available and more quick follow-up work is necessary. Conferences should try to be small and short, preferably organized by the U.N. The selection of participants should include more women, fewer government officials, and fewer of the "regular" participants. Opinions regarding problems and viewpoints often differ between anglophone and francophone African communities.
In: Population Reference Bureau (PRB). World population growth and response: 1965-1975 a decade of global action. Washington, D.C., PRB, April 1976. p. 197-263A rundown of organizations - and their activities - which provide ai d to developing countries in their fight to slow population growth is provided under 3 headings: multilateral agencies, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and private organizations. The bulk of the descriptions concern the activities of USAID. Organizations discussed under multilateral agencies are the U.N., U.N. Fund for Population Activities, U.N. Development Program, U.N. Children's Fund, I nternational Labour Organisation, Food and Agriculture Organization, U.N . Educational Scientific, and Cultural Organization, World Health Organization, World Bank, and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Among the 42 private organizations discussed are Airlie Foundation, American Public Health Association, Association for Voluntary Sterilization, East-West Communications Institute, Ford Foundation, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Milbank Memorial Fund, Pathfinder Fund, Population Council, Population Crisis Committee, Population Institute, Population Reference Bureau, Population Services International, Rockefeller Foundation, and Smithsonian Institution.
New York, UNFPA, 1976. (Population Programmes and Projects, Vol. 1) 319 pThis is the 1st of 2 volumes giving a comprehensive worldwide listin g of available population resources. (The 2nd volume is an inventory of population projects in developing countries around the world, issued annually.) It contains 171 agencies and organizations offering either financial or technical assistance: multilateral agencies, regional agencies, bilateral agencies, nongovernmental organizations, university centers, research institutions, and training organizations. A brief summary of the organization's work is given along with assistance requirements or help offered and an address. An appendix lists publications in the population field. It is indexed.
In: Johnson, W.B., Wilder, F., and Bogue, D.J., eds. Information, educat ion and communication in population and family planning: a guide for national action. Chicago, University of Chicago, Community and Family St udy Center, 1973. p. 144-181The information, education, and communication (IE&C) assistance serv ices provided by 24 donor agencies and 13 non-grant-making organizations are summarized. Each summary indicated the nature of the agency's inter est in population/family planning and the services it offers to assist in the development of IE&C components of population programs in developing countries. The donor agencies include the Asia Foundation; Canadian International Development Agency; Colombo Plan for Economic Development in South and Southeast Asia; Church World Service; Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Ford Foundation; International Development Resear ch Centre; International Labor Organization; International Planned Parenthood Federation; Organization of American States; Pan American Health Organization; Pathfinder Fund; Population Council; Population Crisis Committee; Rockefeller Foundation; Swedish International Development Authority; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; UN Fund for Population Activities; US Agency for International Development; World Education; World Bank; World Health Organization; and World Neighbors.