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  1. 1
    267312

    Report on developments and activities related to population information during the decade since the convening of the World Population Conference, Bucharest, 1974.

    Hankinson R

    New York, United Nations, 1984 Jun. vi, 52 p. (POPIN Bulletin No. 5 ISEA/POPIN/5)

    A summary of developments in the population information field during the decade 1974-84 is presented. Progress has been made in improving population services that are available to world users. "Population Index" and direct access to computerized on-line services and POPLINE printouts are available in the US and 13 other countries through a cooperating network of institutions. POPLINE services are also available free of charge to requestors from developing countries. Regional Bibliographic efforts are DOCPAL for Latin America. PIDSA for Africa, ADOPT and EBIS/PROFILE. Much of the funding and support for population information activities comes from 4 major sources: 1) UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA): 2) US Agency for International Development (USAID); 3) International Development Research Centre (IRDC): and 4) the Government of Australia. There are important philosophical distinctions in the support provided by these sources. Duplication of effort is to be avoided. Many agencies need to develop an institutional memory. They are creating computerized data bases on funded projects. The creation of these data bases is a major priority for regional population information services that serve developing countries. Costs of developing these information services are prohibitive; however, it is important to see them in their proper perspective. Many governments are reluctant to commit funds for these activites. Common standards should be adopted for population information. Knowledge and use of available services should be increased. The importance os back-up services is apparent. Hard-copy reproductions of items in data bases should be included. This report is primarily descriptive rather than evaluative. However, given the increase in population distribution and changes in government attitudes over the importance of population matters, the main tasks for the next decade should be to build on these foundations; to insure effective and efficient use of services; to share experience and knowledge through POPIN and other networks; and to demonstrate to governments the valuable role of information programs in developing national population programs.
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  2. 2
    267241

    Population sector review: Sri Lanka.

    Sinding SW; Dumm JJ; Toner JS

    [Unpublished] 1984. i, 15, 5 p.

    This report ist presented in response to a United States Agency for International Development (USAID) /Sri Lanka request for a review of the population and family planning program in the country and for recommentdations on the future role of UASID in support of the Sri Lanka program. It is intended to help the USAID Mission to make decisions regarding both the substance of population program assistance and the manner in which it is provided. The central recommendation is that the Mission undertake bilateral support of both public and private sector programs as soon as possible. This report is organized into 3 parts: 1)a brief overview of the demographic situation; 2) a review of the present national program, both public and private; and 3) recommendations for future program directions. The report was prepared during a 3-week visit to Sri Lanka. The relatively high rate of population growth will become an even greater factor in Sri Lanka's development equation than it has been in the past, and unless there is a significant and rapid decrease in fertility, population growth will diminish development prospeccts for the remainder of the century. USAID currently provides about US$0.5 to US$0.7 million of annual support to Sri Lanka family planning services programs through 9 intermediaries. This does not include the annual assistance provided by the United Nations Fund for Population Activites and International Planned Parenthood Federation which total approximately US$1.5 million. The Family Health Bureau of the Ministry of Health is responsible for managing the Government's family planning program. The Family Planning Association of Sri Lanka currently manages 2 large family planning service projects. USAID should begin high-level discussions in earnest with the Sri Lanka government.
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  3. 3
    803811

    World population: the present and future crisis.

    Piotrow PT

    New York, Foreign Policy Association, 1980 Oct. 80 p. (Headline Series 251)

    World population will be facing serious problems in the 1980s and 1990s as a result of 2 population trends which are presently dominating the demographic scene. The number of young people aged 15-30 in developing countries is increasing rapidly and they will be soon asserting themselves politically, economically, and socially. The 2nd trend which exists is the disparity between high population growth in the impoverished developing countries and the lower rates in the affluent industrial countries. This century's population growth has occurred primarily in the developing world and is the result of lower death rates rather than higher birthrates. The situation is attributable to demographic transition; however, the major demographic questions of how quickly birthrates will fall and how wide the gap will be before birthrates follow the classic transition remain unanswered. 3 approaches to help answer these and other demographic questions are: 1) demographic approach; 2) historical approach; and 3) observation of recent events. These various approaches are given attention in this monograph. The consequences of too rapid population growth can be seen in the low food supplies which exist leaving many in developing countries undernourished, in a decline in the quality of life, in the reduction of the potential capacity to produce what is necessary (diminished land resources, pollution of water and air), in the increases in the price of energy and natural resources, in the difficulties in acquiring employment opportunities, and in burgeoning urban growth (which puts a serious strain on housing, transportation, etc.). Family planning was adopted in various countries in the world despite government policies to counter this. While there is recognition of the need for measures to be taken to reduce fertility, the question of how to accomplish this still remains. A brief overview of developing country adoption of family policies is included. What become clear is that family planning programs do make a difference in birthrate reduction and in population growth control. An effective, extensive family planning/population program exists in the People's Republic of China; Indonesia, Colombia, Tunisia, and Mauritius are other countries with successful programs. Various socioeconomic factors influence fertility and they include: literacy and education, urbanization, improvement in the status of women, health, family or community structure, development (modernization), and even the lack of development. Population and development will be greatly affected in the future by the quality and depth of leadership. Government leadership and the private sector, donor agencies, as well as international leadership, especially that of the UNFPA, will be critical. Also included here are discussion questions and reading references for those who are interested.
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  4. 4
    259457

    The role of international assistance in the population fields.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    In: The Population Debate: Dimensions and Perspectives, Vol. II. N.Y., U.N., 1975, pp. 657-674. (Population Studies, No. 57)

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  5. 5
    776121

    A strategy for health as a component of the SAHEL development program.

    JOSEPH SC; SCHEYER SC

    Washington, D.C., Family Health Care, Inc., May 31, 1977. 132 p.

    Current demographic characteristics for SAHEL countries are presented along with a health delivery strategy based on a distributive philosophy and linking health activities with other development efforts. Resource allocation is proposed within a village-based system, integrating the following components: 1) nutrition; 2) village water; 3) environmental sanitation; and 4) communicable disease control. Investment in a health services infrastructure is anticipated to be a factor in socioeconomic development. Improved health should stimulate labor productivity, enhance the role of women, and increase survival, hence population growth and development. Health services at the village level will be divided into 4 levels: arrondissement, cercle, regional, and national. Specific action recommendations proposed are: 1) organization of a permanent health group to investigate and disseminate information to member countries of SAHEL and to examine experiences in other countries; 2) sponsorship of a ministry-level conference to implement health strategy recommendations; 3) enhancement of health policy, planning, and resource allocation capabilities by development of policy and planning infrastructures by donor organizations, which would also provide training; and 4) incorporation in the next 3- or 5-year plan of SAHEL countries village-based health systems.
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  6. 6
    782923

    Afghanistan: a demographic uncertainty.

    SPITLER JF; FRANK NB

    Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, September 1978. (International Research Document No. 6) 12p

    Compiling population data for Afghanistan is made difficult by the nomadic population. Estimates of their numbers range from 1-2 million people, 9-14% of the total. A 1972-73 survey of the settled population accumulated data from approximately 21,000 households and 120,000 individuals. Pregnancy and marital histories were acquired from 10,000 women. The age-specific fertility rate was 8 per woman; crude birth rate, 43/1000. Estimated life expectancy for males was 34-42 years, for females, 36-41 years. The crude death rate is 28-32/1000. Of the 10,020,099 total settled population, 5,373,249 were male, 4,646,850 were female. The Afghan Family Guidance Association opened the first family planning clinic in 1968. By 1972 there were 18 clinics in operation. When surveyed, 3% of women over 15 knew about family planning, only 1/3 of these had used a family planning method. 66% males and 90% females over 15 were ever-married. About 11% of those over 6 years were literate, 18.7% males, 2.8% females.
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  7. 7
    775497

    Population and development policy.

    MCGREEVEY P

    [Unpublished] 1977 Jun. 169 p.

    Population and development policy decisions must be based on accurate demographic data in order to correctly formulate priorities in budgets and expenditures. Family planning as a public policy cannot be imposed upon private citizens; it must be freely chosen. The question remains: what determines fertility in the private sector and what can government do to align policy with performance? Research and analysis is needed to develop policy in keeping with local customs, standards, and individual sensibilities. Should more money be spent on education, health care, or development? Research from poor countries is spotty and disorganized. More money is spent on reduction of infant mortality than on family planning. Fertility control is still a controversial subject. Funds supplied for population and health are barely matched by many developing countries whose priorities lean toward agriculture and nutrition. In Haiti the 5-year development plan ignores the interactions between population growth and economic development. If the current level of fertility continues, it will act as a deterrent to development. A population impact analysis of El Salvador examines the effect AID policies and programs have on fertility control. Implementation of a policy in its first stages is described for Guatemala. Family models and global models show touchpoints where public policy might interface with private practice. Rural development implies increased production, equal opportunities, and a low fertility rate. All 3 are interrelated and affected by demographic events. Rising incomes, below a threshold level, has increased the fertility rate among the very poor.
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  8. 8
    762138

    Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

    Furnia AH

    Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, June 1976. (Syncrisis, The Dynamics of Health No. 18) 149 p

    There is no sector of Pakistani life which more graphically reflects the great sacrifice it took to make Pakistan a viable state than the health sector. Malaria, tuberculosis, and cholera continue to constitute threats to health. Gastrointestinal, infectious, and other parasitic diseases continue to contribute substantially to morbidity and mortality. These diseases are exacerbated by extremely primitive water supplies and waste disposal, bad housing, nutritional problems, and an increasingly heavy population growth. Public health resources to cope with these conditions have not previously been available. Pakistan's poor helth environment appears to result from widespread infectious and communicable diseases, poverty, and sociocultural attitudes which inhibit improving the environment, and ineffective policies administered by limited numbers of inadequately trained health workers, affecting both the urban poor and the rural population. In the latest 5-year plan, the 5th, 1975-1980, there is increasing attention to health. Regarding family planning, it has been suggested that the government has finally begun to recognize that urgent and dramatic steps are necessary to reduce Pakistan's population growth rate. The government has adopted a policy of using conventional contraceptives as the most acceptable method of contraception in Pakistan. A program of distributing the oral contraceptive without medical or paramedical constraints had been instituted, and the government has undertaken to subsidize the distribution of th oral contraceptive and the condom through some 50,000 outlets at 2.5 cents per monthly supply.
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  9. 9
    741305

    [Panorama of Costa Rica, 1973. Demographic and social aspects] Panorama de Costa Rica, 1973. Aspectos demograficos y sociales.

    Bermudez MV; Gomez BM

    Centro de Estudios Sociales y de Poblacion (CESPO), Departamento de Investigacion, Universidad de Costa Rica, 1974. 37 p

    A broad synthesis of some socioeconomic and demographic aspects of the population of Costa Rica at the end of 1973 is presented. It covers population size, number of households, marital status of women of reproductive age, age at marriage, population growth, age structure and distribution, ethnic and religious elements, educational level, economic activity, future tendencies, population growth and economic development, historical aspects of the population problem, and the national family planning program. Costa Rica had an annual growth rate of 3.8% in the period 1950-1960; by 1972 the rate was 2.5%. The drop did not seem to be due to the family planning program, though the program's existence may have accelerated the process. Because of the high growth rates, the population is young and dependency rates are high. However, the drop in the birthrate will significantly alter the population structure by the year 2000 such that only 34.1% will be under 15 and 4.4% will be over 65. That fact together with the economic prospects of the country should result in a significantly higher standard of living for the populous in the next decade. The role of the family planning program will become increasingly important as modernization succeeds in lowering mortality rates and increasing longevity.
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  10. 10
    760523

    Africa.

    Population Reference Bureau [PRB]

    In: Population Reference Bureau (PRB). World population growth and response: 1965-1975 a decade of global action. Washington, D.C., PRB, April 1976. p. 27-64

    Following a brief overall summary of the population characteristics for Africa as a whole, short summaries are presented for each country, territory, colony, or trusteeship on or near the continent. Each summary includes: 1) vital statistics (population, growth rate, birthrate, death rate, and natural increase); 2) a statement of official government policy relevant to population control; 3) internal family planning programs, if any; and 4) a review of external assistance, if any.
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  11. 11
    753837

    Indonesia (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, February 1975. 9 p.

    An overview of the demographic and family planning situation in Indonesia reveals an active movement which began with the 1957 founding of the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA). In 1968, the government announced its support of family planning. The Government Family Planning Coordinating Body (BKKBN) coordinates the components of the national program, of which IPPA is one. Most of IPPA's clinics have been turned over to the government for operation, but the organization has plans to establish 14 self-supporting Maternity and Family Planning Clinics throughout Indonesia. Much of IPPA's work in information and education, training, and research and evaluation is also linked with the government program. 16 other organizations also aid Indonesia's family planning program.
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  12. 12
    753836

    The Gambia (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, January 1975. 6 p.

    According to 1973 figures, the total population of Gambia is 494,279 and the population growth rate is 4.7%. In 1967 infant mortality was estimated at 122/1000 in Banjul and 500/1000 in rural areas where health services are extremely limited. In 1970 there was 1 hospital in Banjul, 9 rural health centers, 24 dispensaries, and 34 subdispensaries. An increasing demand for abortion, particularly in the Banjul-Kombo-St. Ma ry area, has been reported. Family planning services are provided by the Family Planning Association of Gambia (FPAG), established in 1969, at its 5 clinics. Additionally, a number of health centers are visited by the FPAG. Efforts are now being taken to persuade the government to adopt a population policy and a plan for integrating family planning services into the national health services program. For the 1st half of 1974 Association figures show 791 new acceptors of contraceptive methods, 711 continuing acceptors, and 1442 total visits to the FPAG clinics. Regarding information and education, the FPAG is presently working among both youth and various groups of rural extension personnel. In 1974 the intention had been to increase the motivational literature in 2 of the local languages and to begin the publication of motivational literature in other local languages. In 1975 the Informati on and Education Department will cooperate with the fieldwork cadre in order to receive program feedback. Consequently, fieldworkers will be more actively involved in the preparation of suitable family planning materials.
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  13. 13
    745602

    Republic of Korea (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, February 1974. 10 p.

    The Planned Parenthood Federation of Korea (PPFK) was founded in 196 1 to act as a pressure group to persuade the government to set up a family planning program. In 1962 the Korean government became 1 of the 1st in the world with such an official program. PPFK has a permanent staff of 62 at headquarters and 135 at branch offices to implement the information/education program. It was formerly responsible for the training for the government effort and it continues to initiate research and pilot projects. It also indirectly supports the clincs at Seoul National University and Yonsei University Medical colleges, runs 14 demonstration clincs, and has a mobile team unit in Taegi City and surrounding rural areas. Since 1968 it has organized "Mothers' Classes" which have been integrated into the rural community development program. Special projects include a "Stop at 2" campaign which the government officially adopted. The "Two Child Family" club was started in Seoul in 1971 and is expanding. UNFPA is funding an information, education, and communication campaign that will explore various uses of mass media. Pilot telephone consultation was begun in 1973. Vasectomy information is being given to the Homeland Reserve Force, an education project has been started for civil servants, and student newspapers are being used to reach the student population. PPFK has national responsib ility for clinical trials of new contraceptives. Tests on Minovlar ED continue and the results of Neovlar trials are being analyzed. Details of the government organizations are given. Research being carried on at various universities and in other agencies is also capsuled.
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  14. 14
    735203

    Indonesia (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, June 1973. 10 p.

    The Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) was founded in 1957 and pioneered family planning services. It made little headway duri ng the pronatalist Sukarno regime, but in 1967 the present government announced an intensive family planning program and the IPPA was named as an implementing unit in 1971. 2 primary roles now are the training activities for fieldworkers and the development of community education and motivation programs. This complements the national mass media program. In 1970 the government took over all clinics except those in the Outer Islands (the islands outside Java, Bali, and Madura). The IPPA runs 150 clinics in the Outer Islands, is responsible for all supplies and maintenance, and has a number of model clinics in Java and Bali. The Community Education program has 8 components: speakers bureau, family planning clubs, mobile audiovisual units, exhibitions, tr aditional media, special events, local mass media support, and evaluatio n. In 1971 the 'ippa trained 2951 people; in 1972 this was increased by 25%. In 1973 the target is training 3000 fieldworkers with 16 centers for training and 16 field demonstration areas. An agreement with the U.N. Fund for Population Activities/International Development Association (UNFPA/IDA) will provide for building, equipping, and staffing. The research and evaluation function is also expanding to complement government activities. The government program aims to train 20,250 medical and paramedical personnel over 5 years and medical schools have incorporated the teaching of population and family planning. Government allowances are being curtailed for all children over 3 for government workers. An active clinic program aims to set up 1200 fully equipped and 1250 moderately equipped facilities by 1973. An active media campaign has been launched and for the 1st time in the population field the UNFPA and the IDA are helping to finance a project to expand a family planning program and broaden its activities. This su pport will provide for physical facilities, technical assistance, training, motivation, evaluation, research, and population education.
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  15. 15
    745597

    Laos (Family Planning)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, February 1974. 6 p.

    Laos has been so torn by war and continuing waves of refugees that i t has been difficult to provide basic medical services to the population . In 1969 Laos had 53 medical doctors, 40 of whom were foreign instructors at the School of Medicine, 676 practical nurses, and 400 trained midwives. Before 1971 the government was opposed to family planning. A study commission in that year, however, examined population growth problems and recommended support for family planning. The voluntary association had been formed in 1966 and had sent representatives to international workshops. After the change in government attitude, the association has actively acted to distribute family planning supplies to villages, train midwives as motivators, and give additional training to public health center heads, home economists, medical assistants, and refugee village heads. The governmental emphasis is on better spacing of births rather than limitation. It took over operation of 7 association clinics in 1973 and now helps provide contraceptive services. The association still has 5 fixed and 6 mobile clinics. A refugee pilot program which opened in 1971 now has a permanent building and a full-time rural midwife. The association also stresses influencing opinion leaders through lecture forums, pamphlets, radio commercials, and film shows. Information and Education teams were formed to conduct 2-3 day seminar-lectures in other provinces to diverse groups like village headmen, town influentials, teachers, and other leaders. Many foreign groups have provided assistance, supplies, training, and other aid. WHO is helping with the integration of family planning into the nursing and midwifery curricula in the schools of Laos.
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  16. 16
    730732

    Orientation book, 5th edition.

    United States. Agency for International Development [USAID]

    [Unpublished] 1973 Jul. 20 p.

    The booklet provides an introduction to Indonesia's national family planning program, and summarizes USAID's assistance to this program. Data are included on the following topics: 1) demographic and economic synopsis; 2) population projections, 3) distribution of land and people, 4) age-specific fertility, 5) family planning program economic benefits, 6) legislative history of family planning, 7) Indonesian family planning structure, 8) major Government and donor program activities, 9) IDA/UNFPA joint project, 10) program results 1971-1973, 11) new acceptor s' characteristics, 12) program impact, 13) program financial resources, 14) USAID population program assistance 1968-1973 -- its primary components and a program description.(AUTHOR'S, MODIFIED)
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  17. 17
    723019

    Population assistance to Africa--1969-1970.

    Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development [OECD]. Development Centre. Population Unit

    Paris, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Development Centre. (CD/P/236)

    In 1970 Africa's population assistance amounted to $.03 U.S. per head compared to $.058 per head for Latin America, $.036 per head for East and South Asia, and $.043 per head for Southeast and Southwest Asia. In 1970 11 countries received over $6 million leaving $400,000 for the remaining 31 independent less developed countries in Africa. It is estimated that the average annual costs of an effective national family planning program are between $.45-$.60 U.S. per capita. There is a high dependence on foreign assistance by countries with family planning programs, produced by the desire to begin activities as soon as possible before national financing can be arranged and the necessary infrastructure of health services and trained personnel can be created. Almost 80% of current assistance in population activities to Africa is for family planning. Denmark, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, The United Kingdom, and the United States channel assistance in the population field, either through international agencies or bilateral aid. The main emphasis of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities in Africa in 1970 has been on providing assistance in demography. In 1970 The International Planned Parenthood Foundation had 12 of its member associations in African countries and was the largest single supplier of money to Africa in 1969. The Population Council, the Ford Foundation, and the Pathfinder Fund are the other principal private agencies involved in population activities in Africa. Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Mauritius, Morocco, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Tunisia, Egypt, and Uganda are the principal recipients of aid for population programs in Africa. Although only 6 African governments have declared population policies including family programs, 28 countries receive some assistance in both demography and family planning from over 20 donor agencies. Population assistance should be available over a wide range of activities from building up medical infrastructures to preparing a national statistical basis. Expenditures of governments should match and in time exceed development assistance. Population assistance suffers from a lack of continuity, too strict criteria governing how aid must be spent, delays in approval and receipt of assistance, and local currency shortages.
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  18. 18
    722016

    Thailand (and family planning).

    Unhanand M; Asavasena W; Varakamin S; Prachuabmoh V; Osathanond V; Rosenfield AG; Jones GW; Thomlinson R

    New York, The Population Council, March 1972. (country profiles.) 18 p

    A complete profile of the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of Thailand is presented as background to a detailed description of the country's family planning program. Thailand's population is growing at a rate of 3.1% per year but only in mid-1970 did the government develop a national population policy. Nevertheless in that year the family planning program that had been operating under the existing health services attained 225,400 new acceptors of the IUD, oral contraceptives or sterilization, rising to about 400,000 acceptors in 1971. 80% of these women have come from the target groups of rural poorly educated women. The government has started a broad public information campaign on family planning and a re-examination of the adequacy of its family planning services. The history of Thailand's population growth and administrative policy is described in detail and the organization of the new national population program is presented. Increased training of medical personnel and expansion of facilities is planned. Several national and international private agencies are assisting in Thailand's population control and the major educational and research centers in the country are devoting men and money to the problem.
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  19. 19
    725737

    Sierra Leone (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, June 1972. 5 p

    All the demographic statistics and the cultural, economic, and geogr aphical sttuation of Sierra Leone are presented. The Planned Parenthood Association of Sierra Leone (PPASL) was founded in 1960. There is no anticontraceptive legislation in the country but the attitude of the government toward family planning is still tentative. Current educational, fieldwork, clinic operations, and fund raising projects are summarized. Current personneof PPASL are given. New acceptors choose t he IUD generally, with more educated acceptors favoring the pill or spermicides. Other services provided by PPASL are mentioned. Sources of funding, including international organizations, are listed.
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  20. 20
    725736

    Sarawak (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, June 1972. 4 p

    All the demographic statistics and the cultural, economic, and geogr aphical situation of Sarawak, part of the Malaysia Federation, are presented. The history of interest in family planning and the current personnel of the Sarawak Family Planning Association (FPA) are presented. The FPA is assisted with clinics, grants, and land from the government. Family planning services are provided by the FPA at 8 urban and 57 rural clinics. Orals are the overwhelming favorite of acceptors. Current educational and training activities are summarized. International organizations providing assistance for the family planning program are mentioned.
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  21. 21
    725732

    Republic of Vietnam (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, May 1972. 5 p

    All the demographic statistics and the cultural, economic, and geogr aphical situation of the Republic of Vietnam are presented. The history of interest in family planning and the current personnel of the Vietnamese Association for the Protection of Family Happiness are presented. Conservative Catholic opinion considers family planning activity controversial. Contraception is widely practiced by those who can afford to pay for it and the practice is considered private, not open to government interference. The government is showing increasing i nterest in the question of population. Current educational, clinic, training, and research activities are summarized. International organizations providing aid are enumerated.
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  22. 22
    725719

    Hong Kong (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, September 1972. 7 p

    Hong Kong, with 3858 people/sq km, is 1 of the world's most densely populated areas. Family planning was introduced in 1936 by the Hong Kong Eugenics League and 5 clinics were operating by 1940. The Family Planning Association (FPA) was formed in 1950 and was a founder member of IPPF in 1952. Interest in family planning increased as massive immigration from China added to overcrowding. The government supports FPA (in 1972 the grant was U.S.$254,545) and houses 80% of the FPA clinics in government properties. At present there are 46 female clinics providing 189 sessions per week and 2 male clinics operating eac h week. The decline from 54 to 48 clinics is due to the new emphasis on full-time rather than part-time clinics. In 1971 there were 347,894 attenders, an increase of 18% over 1970, and 31,898 new acceptors, an increase of 4%. There has been continued increase in the number of patients requesting oral contraceptives (70.6% in 1971). The IUD began to decline after bad publicity surrounded a large number of loops which had broken in the uterus; in 1971 only 6% of acceptors asked for IUDs. Condoms account for 11.5% and injectables, 3.6%. FPA offers subfertility and marriage guidance services and is extending its Papanicolaou smear service. An active media campaign, exhibitions, and seminars are conducted. Until 1967 fieldwork consisted of random home visits. An efficiency study led to concentration on maternal and child health clinics, postnatal clinics, and follow-up home visits. Home visi ts are still made on request. A number of international trials for various contraceptives have been run in Hong Kong. Many church and international organizations are helping to finance family planning activities, both through FPA and through their own organizations.
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  23. 23
    701730

    Ghana.

    Gaisie SK; Jones SB

    Country Profiles. 1970 Oct; 1-12.

    The report gives population trends and the status of family planning projects in Ghana. A general background account of Ghana's demographics (size and growth patterns, redistribution trends, urban/rural distribution, religious and ethnic composition, economic status, literacy, future trends, and social/economic groups and attitudes) is discussed. The relationships of national income, size and quality of the labor force, agricultural labor and productivity, public education, and health to the population's growth is summarized. Development of a population policy is described along with major recommendations for a national policy. The organization and structure of the national family planning program is set forth along with a table of "planning targets for increasing the use of contraceptives". Current practices of birth control are reviewed; supportive state and international agencies' roles are discussed; a prognosis of population planning efforts concludes the report.
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  24. 24
    702869

    Malaysia.

    Bin-Marzuki A; Peng JY

    Country Profiles, July 1970. 8 p

    Family planning programs in Malaysia are firmly backed by government policy based on the Family Planning Act of 1966. The estimated population at the end of 1968 was 10 million. The country has a growth rate of 2.8%, a birthrate of 35.2, a death rate of 7.5, and per capita income of U.S.$1056, 1 of the highest in Asia. While the government provides budgetary support, the National Family Planning Board is able to function independently and receives cooperation from a number of Ministries. A strong voluntary Family Planning Association which has existed for many years continues to provide services and cooperates with the government program. The population is highly motivated, and all 3 major ethnic groups accept family planning services. Informational and motivational efforts are being advanced with the setting up of Regional Information Offices staffed by a full-time Information Officer and equipped with vehicles and audiovisual materials. The country's demographic characteristics, socioeconomic development, organization and administration of population programs, research and evaluation, the private sector, educational efforts, and foreign assistance are described.
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  25. 25
    691916

    St. Vincent (Family planning).

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    IPPF Situation Report, January 1969. 2 p

    St. Vincent is a West Indies Associated State with a land area of 388 sq km and a population in 1967 of 91,000, then growing at a rate of 1.9%. The people are primarily of African descent and are mainly Protestant. Family planning services are provided by the St. Vincent Planned Parenthood Association, a voluntary organization that operates both in clinics and in government health centers. The government has given the Association its full support, including financial support since 1967. The Association program has expanded rapidly and now includes a full-scale educational program. IPPF, USAID, OXFAM, and the Barbados Family Planning Association also provide assistance.
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