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  1. 1

    Family planning: a key component of post abortion care. Consensus statement: International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), International Confederation of Midwives (ICM), International Council of Nurses (ICN), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

    International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics [FIGO]; International Confederation of Midwives; International Council of Nurses; United States. Agency for International Development [USAID]

    [London, United Kingdom], FIGO, 2009 Sep 25. 4 p.

    The International Federation of OB/Gyn (FIGO,) the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) the International Council of Nurses (ICN) and USAID have recently issued this joint statement that makes a compelling case for the provision of voluntary family planning along with post abortion care. A key message is “The provision of universal access to post abortion family planning should be a standard of practice for doctors, nurses, and midwives in public and private health care.” It also provides some insight on organizing services to make it more practical, including providing FP at the point of service delivery. This document can be used as an advocacy tool at a variety of levels including national, district and facility level.
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  2. 2

    Behavioral interventions for the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV. [Intervenciones conductuales para la prevención de la transmisión sexual del VIH]

    Institute of Medicine. International Forum for AIDS Research

    Washington, D.C., Institute of Medicine, International Forum for AIDS Research, [1992]. 8 p.

    The fourth meeting of the International Forum for AIDS Research was organized around three overall objectives: a) to consider a model for categorizing behavioral interventions; b)to share information about current behavioral intervention programs in which IFAR members are involved; and c) to foster discussion about the adequacy of present strategies. The meeting began with an analytical phase that explored aspects of methodology, followed with presentations on selected programs, and concluded with a generic case study exercise that highlighted different social scientific perspectives on producing change in human behavior. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Proceedings of the Caribbean Regional Conference "Operations Research: Key to Management and Policy", Dover Convention Centre, St. Lawrence, Barbados, May 31 - June 2, 1989.

    Population Council. Operations Research in Family Planning and Maternal-Child Health for Latin America and the Caribbean Project [INOPAL]

    [New York, New York], Population Council, 1989. 19, [20] p.

    Objectives, proceedings, and conclusions of a Caribbean regional conference on operations research (OR) in maternal-child health and family planning programs (FP/MCH) are summarized. Sponsored by the Population Council, USAID, and UNICEF, participants included policy makers, program managers, service providers, and representatives from international agencies in health and family planning from Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Mexico, St. Kitts-Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. The conference was held with hopes of contributing to the legitimization of OR as a management tool, and helping to develop a network of program directors and researchers interested in using OR for program improvement. Specifically, participants were called upon to review the progress and results of recent regional OR projects, analyze the utilization of these projects by policy makers and program managers, highlight regional quality of care, and establish directions for future projects in the region. Overall, the conference contributed to the dissemination and documentation of OR, and provided a forum in which to identify important service, research, and policy issues for the future. OR can improve FP/MCH services, and make positive contributions to the social impact of these programs. The unmet need of teenagers and men and structural adjustment were identified as issues of concern. Strategies will need to be developed to maintain currently high levels of contraceptive prevalence, while responding to the needs of special groups, with OR expected to focus on the quality of care especially in education and counseling, and screening and user follow-up. The technical competence of service providers and follow-up mechanisms are both in need of improvement, while stronger institutional and management capabilities should be developed through training and human resource development.
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  4. 4

    USA President Clinton acts to ensure reproductive health.

    IPPF OPEN FILE. 1993 Feb; 1.

    In 1984, in Mexico City, the Reagan administration announced its policy prohibiting USAID from supporting any nongovernmental organization which used its own or US funds for any abortion-related activities. Even though this policy was intended to reduce the incidence of abortion, it had the opposite effect because the cut in funding left some areas of the developing world with no family planning services or information at all. Further, this policy resulted in a loss of $17 million (US) or 25% of the budget of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). On January 22, 1993, US President Clinton reversed this policy. IPPF considered President Clinton's action to be a significant event for women's health, human rights, and global development. This reversal will provide family planning services to about 300 million couples who want to practice family planning but could not do so because they did not have access to it. Shortly after President Clinton's announcement, IPPF began writing a proposal to USAID for funds to restore programs that the Mexico City policy eliminated. IPPF hoped the reversal would spark international recognition of the need for safe access to abortion. Other actions President Clinton has taken to promote reproductive health are reversing the Reagan and Bush administrations' rule prohibiting abortion counseling at federally-funded clinics, requesting that the US Food and Drug Administration study the possible marketing of RU-486, removing the ban on abortion in military hospitals, approving regulations allowing fetal tissue research, and appointing an abortion rights advocate as Surgeon General. The Catholic Church opposed all of Clinton's abortion policies. However, many congregations, priests, and Vatican officials are dissatisfied with the Pope's anticontraception position.
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  5. 5

    Impact of the Mexico City policy on family planning programs and reproductive health care in developing countries.

    Population Crisis Committee [PCC]

    [Unpublished] 1988. 6, [1] p.

    Field interviews in 10 developing countries concerning response to the U.S. Mexico City policy--no USAID support of programs that counsel or support abortion--suggest that the policy is counter-productive. Access to safe medical abortion has been curtailed and associated contraceptive services have suffered. In some places even treatment of septic abortion has ceased, while in others, the rate of septic abortion cases is escalating. There is no evidence that total numbers of abortions are declining, as is the stated intention of the policy. Public information about abortion has suppressed, and epidemiological and biomedical research on abortion and related contraceptive methods have been curtailed. Hospital and library files have been expunged, and in 1 country, thousands of medical textbooks have been destroyed. This self-censorship appears to err on the side of caution, because of fear that whole programs will be closed down. Family planning assistance has been cut to large 3rd world countries and to organizations known for providing high quality services. Some nationals voiced the opinion that the U.S. has lost face as a reliable world power, and that the U.S. policy might undermine the world consensus on family planning. The new restrictions have increased the cost of family planning programs by requiring certification of sub-grantees on their lack of abortion-related activities. In countries where abortion is illegal but is increasingly provided by semi-autonomous private agencies, the policy is impossible for grantees to monitor.
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