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  1. 1

    Family planning program effectiveness: report of a workshop.

    United States. Agency for International Development [USAID]. Office of Evaluation

    Washington, D.C., USAID, 1979 Dec. 246 p. (A.I.D. Program Evaluation Report No. 1.)

    USAID sponsored a workshop in April 1979 to identify from research and experience the circumstances under which direct family planning services or developmental activities are most effective in reducing population growth in specific developing countries. Background papers prepared for the workshop on family planning efforts in Java, Colombia, and Thailand showed that family planning alone, without socioeconomic developmental additions, had lowered fertility levels significantly. However, these programs did not consider other factors which might have been responsible as well. Most of the crosscultural studies which have been done show that family planning and development activities taken together will have the greatest impact of fertility declines. Political commitment to these programs is necessary. Such commitment facilitates localized family planning activity, the most effective delivery system system. Administrative capability and socioeconomic/cultural acceptability of family planning are factors of major importance also. The workshop examined experience and made projections as to whether various countries, based on certain demographic and socioeconomic trends, will be able to achieve annual crude birth rates of 20/1000 by the year 2000. Countries were classified as certain, probably, possible, and unlikely. Flexibility of approach is urged.
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  2. 2

    AID investment of $1 billion in family planning/population is resulting in sharp birthrate declines.

    Family Planning Perspectives. January-February 1979; 11(1):45-46.

    The U.S. Agency for International Development spent approximately $1 billion on family planning/population assistance and related research in the years 1965-1977. 1/3 of this total was channelled to a variety of international agencies for use in family planning program activities, training, and education efforts in many countries. AID funds were also spent in the following areas in this order of support: 1) bilateral assistance; 2) contraceptive supplies; 3) demographic and fertility research; 4) administration of programs; and 5) support for institutions. This funding is tabulated. Donations from other sources for family planning efforts during this period are tabulated. The effects are finally showing; birth rates have fallen sharply in recent years in such countries as Korea, Colombia, Indonesia, and Thailand.
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  3. 3

    AID investment of $1 billion in family planning/population is resulting in sharp birthrate declines.

    International Family Planning Perspectives and Digest. 1978 Winter; 4(4):127-128.

    This article is derived from testimony by Reimert T. Ravenholt, Director of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) Office of Population before the Select Committee on Population in the U.S. House of Representatives. The testimony dealt with the disbursement of the $1 billion in AID funds for the promotion of family planning in underdeveloped countries. A table gives the total, broken down into the various categories of aid: $345 million for international agencies, $261 million in bilateral assistance, $162 million for contraceptives, $102 million for demographic and fertility research, $55 million for improvement of contraceptive technology, $34 million for administration, $49 million for support of institutions training 3d World people for research in population related fields. The article also reports on the success in slowing population growth in many of the countries to which AID funds have been sent, particularly in Colombia, Thailand, Korea and Indonesia. Dr. Ravenholt stated that he feels the AID's investment has been instrumental in lowering birthrates, and that continued tenacity and effort will result in more successes.
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