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Civil society involvement in rapid assessment, analysis and action planning (RAAAP) for orphans and vulnerable children. An independent review.
London, England, UK Consortium on AIDS and International Development, 2005 Jul. 63 p. (Orphans and Vulnerable Children)The Rapid Assessment, Analysis, and Action Planning (RAAAP) Initiative for orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) was launched by UNICEF, USAID, UNAIDS, and WFP in November 2003. The first round of RAAAPs were carried out in 16 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2004. The purpose of the RAAAP is to undertake an analysis of the situation of OVC and the response in each country, and then, based on this analysis, to produce a national plan of action to scale up and improve the quality of the response to OVC. This plan is then ratified by the government and provides a unifying framework that brings together the activities of all the different stakeholders under a set of common objectives and strategies. This includes all interventions for OVC, including activities of national and local government, donors and civil society organisations (CSOs). The first round of the RAAAP process consisted of a desk study, additional data collection and analysis in country, and a stakeholder workshop to validate the findings and draw up the OVC National Plan of Action. The process was led and coordinated by a national steering group which consisted of the government ministry with responsibility for OVC, other relevant government ministries and departments, development partners including UNICEF, USAID, UNAIDS and WFP and representatives of civil society organisations (CSO). The involvement of different stakeholders in the analysis and planning process is critical for ensuring their ownership of the resulting action plan. (excerpt)
Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Analytical and Information Center, 2003 May. ix, 30 p.This preliminary report documents the changes that have occurred in the medical-demographic situation of Uzbekistan since the 1996 Demographic and Health Survey. Additional information is provided concerning issues of both male and female adult health: life style practices, knowledge and attitudes towards tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, STDs, risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, and information about respiratory, digestive, and dental diseases. (excerpt)
Washington, D.C., Academy for Educational Development [AED], Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, 2003 Feb. 32 p. (Occasional Paper No. 1)This paper, commissioned to support the development of the Office of Food for Peace's new Strategic Plan, analyzes the implications of these trends in poverty and malnutrition for USAID food security programming. The paper argues for a conceptual shift that explicitly acknowledges the risks that constrain progress towards enhanced food security, and addresses directly the vulnerability of food insecure households and communities. Enhancing peoples' resiliency to overcome shocks, building people's capacity to transcend food insecurity with a more durable and diverse livelihood base, and increasing human capital will result in long-term sustainable improvements in food security. (excerpt)
Stevens Point, Wisconsin, Noel Group, .  p.Nyumbani Village will be successful because: 4 years experience with Ntokozweni 11 years experience with Nyumbani Globally responsible companies want to get involved Support exists from broad coalition of partners. (excerpt)
Washington, D.C., USAID, 1986 Jun 13.  p. (News Release No. 0029)The Agency for International Development today announced plans to provide $2 million in fiscal year 1986 to help combat global Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). "AIDS is becoming a major health problem in some developing countries," said M. Peter McPherson, head of the US agency that administers foreign assistance programs. 1 million dollars of the US contribution will help the World Health Organization (WHO) establish a multidonor assistance package that was approved by the World Health Assembly last month in Geneva, McPherson said. He said the package will establish a global surveillance system, provide epidemioogical and laboratory consultants to member countries and ensure the safety of the world's blood supply. The other $1 million will go directly to WHO's regional office in Brazzaville, Congo, to support WHO surveillance and educational activities in Africa with the assistance of the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia. The WHO will work in 4-6 African countries to develop diagnostic public health prevention and control activities for ADIS. "The problem of AIDS is critical, "McPherson said. "The response to AIDS will require developing countries to divert precious resources that already are stretched to the limit." (full text)
HIV / AIDS. USAID and U.N. response to the epidemic in the developing world. United States General Accounting Office report to Congressional requesters.
Washington, D.C., GAO, 1998 Jul. 72 p. (GAO/NSIAD-98-202)This document summarizes the outcome of the review conducted by the US General Accounting Office on the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the UN response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the developing world. It discusses the contributions of USAID to the global effort to prevent AIDS and the methods used by USAID to provide financial oversight over its AIDS prevention activities. It also elaborates the extent to which the Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS has met its goal of leading an expanded and broad-based, worldwide response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Overall, the report found that USAID has made important contributions to the fight against HIV/AIDS by supporting research, which in turn helped identify interventions to help stop the spread of HIV/AIDS.
NATURE. 1994 Jan 6; 367(6458):2.The World Health Organization [WHO] recently requested $3 million from USAID to combat tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries, but USAID refused the request, claiming that the budget does not allow it. European nations also do not readily contribute to the fight against TB. Yet, TB is the world's most prevalent fatal infection. It is likely to take the lives of at least 30 million people before the year 2000. If drug-resistant strains of the TB mycobacterium continue to multiply, the number could be even higher. The statement that USAID, a A$6.5 billion agency, could not find $3 million is either nonsense or evidence of a distorted priority. USAID must know that TB and AIDS are linked in developed countries as well as in developing countries. While it is difficult to acquire HIV, TB is easily transmitted. AIDS patients serve as ideal hosts for the TB mycobacterium, where it can mutate into drug-resistant forms. Thus, it would be best to combine TB and AIDS fundings to keep drug-resistant forms from spreading in developing nations, which in turn protects people in developed nations. The medical community knows how to successfully treat TB, especially nonresistant strains, and it is relatively inexpensive to treat patients in developing countries (as little as $30/patient). The title of WHO's report, TB: A Global Emergency--Low Priority, best sums up the reluctance of developed nations to fund TB programs in developing countries.
Arlington, Virginia, John Snow, Inc. [JSI], Resources for Child Health Project [REACH], 1987. iii, 33,  p. (USAID Contract No.: DPE-5927-C-00-5068-00)Sudan is one of 8 USAID African child survival emphasis countries. This documents focuses upon linking the discrete areas of child survival to each other in efforts to achieve sustained reductions in national morbidity and mortality rates. The scope of the problem is briefly considered as background in the text, followed by a more in-depth presentation of government policy and programs. This section includes examination of the structure and organization of existing health services, child survival activities, and current progress and constraints. Child survival activities are listed as immunization, control of diarrheal diseases, nutrition, child spacing, malaria control, acute respiratory infections, and AIDS. The current strategy of USAID support for these activities is outlined, and includes mention of private volunteer organization and private sector participation. The role of UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank in child survival in Sudan is also highlighted. Recommendations for child survival strategy in Sudan are presented and discussed at length in the text. Continued support to UNICEF, cost recovery and health care financing efforts through WHO, child spacing and population program support, and support to on-going USAID projects constitute USAID's priorities and emphasis in child survival strategy for Sudan. Detailed short- and long-term recommendations for immunization, control of diarrheal diseases, nutrition, child spacing, and child survival and health care financing are provided following the section on priorities. In closing, staffing and recommendations for malaria and other endemic disease, acute respiratory infections, AIDS, and management are considered. Appendices follow the main body of text.
SOUTH. 1987 Apr; (78):109-12.The prevalence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in East African countries is the topic of this news article. With the exception of Uganda, most countries' data are considered underreported. Highest estimates are 1 to 3 million cases in Africa; official counts reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) total 2561 cases. In Kenya, 250 cases and 400 infected prostitutes have been confirmed. Nigeria does not admit to any cases, officially. Uganda's officials estimate that 5-10% of urban adults are carriers. Testing is too expensive there, even of blood donors, as costs would bankrupt the health budget. USAID has contributed condoms, however. Infants born of or breast fed by infected mothers are at risk: many of babies have AIDS in Uganda, Zambia, Zaire and Rwanda. On the other hand, Rwanda has instituted a well-coordinated AIDS education campaign with the help of the Norwegian Red Cross, and Uganda, the first country to publicized AIDS, may be selected for the WHO AIDS center.