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  1. 1

    UNICEF fights for the rights of Romania's abandoned children.

    Connections. 2005 Feb-Mar; [1] p..

    A nurse at the maternity hospital told me that it would be better for me to try not to get attached to my baby, to leave him there and start a new life, recalls a 17 year-old single mother who did not know where she could find support for herself and her son and was advised to give him up. Roughly two percent of all women giving birth in Romania abandon their children immediately after delivery, leaving their newborns at maternity hospitals and pediatric institutions and making them wards of the state. The majority of these women are very young, poorly educated, and live below the poverty line, according to a recent UNICEF report cited in an article in Medical News Today. Societal factors also play a role in perpetuating this practice, explains Pierre Poupard, a UNICEF representative in Romania. "Unfortunately, young mothers going into hospitals are confronted with conservative attitudes and practices. The system remains very traditional and penalizes the poor and marginalized," he acknowledges. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Gender, health and population policy.

    Postel E


    Indonesia is an international showpiece of successful population control. The number of desired acceptors of family planning is fixed by a coordinating board in cooperation with international advisers including the World Bank. More than 95% of the actual acceptors or users of contraceptives are women rather than couples. Numerical targets are set for districts, subdistricts, villages and hamlets; and local administrators are charged with the execution of the program. Ambitious village or district leaders use a variety of incentives and disincentives to comply with these directives issued by superiors. "2 children is enough" is the slogan on ubiquitous posters in the archipelago. A woman who is pregnant for a 3rd time may face scorn in her village. Although family planning has succeeded in averting births, maternal mortality rates in Indonesia are among the highest in the world. 55% of Indonesian women suffer from anaemia, particularly pregnant or breast feeding women. In principle there is free choice of contraceptives, but effective means such as hormonal implants, IUDs, and sterilization are promoted instead of pills and barrier methods. Thus, a program originally designed to be sensitive to community concerns runs the risk of becoming an oppressive system. Under the rhetoric of human development the quality of family planning services should be improved, the status of women raised by better education and more employment opportunities, no discrimination, and better health services. The aim of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is to extend modern family planning services to 567 million couples, 59% of all married women of reproductive age, by the age 2000. The contraceptive needs of unmarried women have been ignored again, while the plight of unmarried pregnant women has probably increased by increasing violence and wars.
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  3. 3

    Adolescent and young people: an IPPF concern in Asia.


    Paper presented at the 1st Inter-Hemispheric Conference on Adolescent Fertility, Airlie House, Airlie, Virginia, August 31-September 4, 1976. 15 p

    The rising expectations of young people around the world are not being met by the society's adults. There is a necessity to recognize the special needs of adolescents in the new situations. Increasing adolescent sexual activity and teenage pregnancy point out the need to provide reproductive and contraceptive information and counseling for this age group worldwide. International Planned Parenthood Federation's youth-oriented programs recognize the basic interest of youth in and right to be provided such information and services. These programs concentrate on all channels for young people, e.g., youth groups and workers' unions. Examples of such programs in Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, and Indonesia are cited.
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  4. 4

    Increasing youth programmes in family planning.


    In: International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). East and Southeast Asia and Oceania Region (ESEAOR). Community education for family planning services. Proceedings of a Seminar-Workshop held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, March 24-29, 1975. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, IPPF/ESEAOR, 1976. p. 34-43

    IPPF's 1st effort for young people took the form of a public session on sex education organized for young people at the 8th Federation International Conference in Chile in 1967. This was followed by a working group on Responsible Parenthood and Sex Education in Tunisia on November 1969. In this working group the aims and objectives of youth programs on responsible parenthood and sex education were discussed and recommendations were made to the Federation. Policy to increase youth involvement was further strengthened by specific recommendatins passed by the 1973 Governing Body meeting: opportunities should be provided for young people to develop their volunteer and professional roles in family planning and population education programs; the IPPF should increase its efforts to develop and support youth programs among its member associations and should involve youth in World Population Year; and regional and national workshops be incorporated in the work plan in order to achieve these identified goals. The following approaches are open to family planning associations which could be explored in implementing programs for young people in planned parenthood: 1) enabling the participation and involvement of young people by policy making, program planning, and implementation of planned parenthood activities in the associations; 2) providing young audiences with information and education programs as part of the ongoing educational activities of the family planning association, and 3) providing family planning counseling and contraceptive services to young single people. Target groups include out-of-school youth, in-school youth, unemployed youth, young workers, and unmarried pregnant teenagers. In order to reach young people it is necessary to involve them in the family planning movement and in the decision-making processes.
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  5. 5

    Economic and Social Council.

    United Nations. Economic and Social Council

    In: United Nations Fund for Population Activities. (UNFPA) The United Nations and population: Major resolutions and instruments. New York, Oceana, 1974. (Law and Population Book Series, No.7) p. 93-141

    The document contains lengthy excerpts of resolutions dating from 1948 to 1972 adopted by the Economic and Social Council of the U.N. dealing with population problems of member nations, their social, economic and demographic implications, the need for studies, research and their distribution and coordination, policy and programs. They are listed in 23 topical categories and in chronological historical order within each category. The resolutions in some cases create a new U.N. body or mechanism to carry out a program, and in other cases direct or recommend action to other parts of the United Nations, its Secretary General, the Specialized Agencies, and member nations. They cover a very wide range of subjects including the authorizing of World Population and regional conferences, studying the status of women and family planning, recommending to member governments principles for eliminating discrimination against unmarried mothers and their children, creating the Social Commission (later the Commission on Social Development) and reviewing its role, and establishing an Advisory Committee on the Application of Science and Technology to Development. Each excerpted resolution lists the resolution number and a footnote gives the date when the resolution was adopted, and the number of members voting for, against or abstaining.
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