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In: Middleton J, ed. Population education in the Asian Region: a conference on needs and directions. [Honolulu, East-West Center], 1974 Jun. 239-44.The Florida State University Population Education Program developed out of a mutual interest among education specialists and demographers in improving the knowledge level of the public concerning population education matters. Initial program efforts were directed toward identifying the faculty and students at the the university who shared the interest in population education and instituting mechanisms whereby projects in the population education field could be developed. The following were among the steps taken: expert consultation on population education; preparation of training, research, and program proposals for local and international population education projects; and development of university courses for graduate students to deal with critical issues in population education. The University provided initial funding for the program. Some limited funding has since been obtained from government agencies for a project in curriculum materials development and field testing. The University's population education program emphasizes in-school curriculum and materials development, teacher training, and field administration of population education activities. Some of the projects completed in the area of curriculum and materials are listed. Undergraduate or graduate degree programs leading to B.A., M.A., or Ph.D. are offered through the Department of Sociology and the Programs of Science and Human Affairs and Developmental Comparative Studies. The function of research in the program is 2-fold: to provide a factual basis for input to curriculum material development and to measure changes in population knowledge, attitudes, and behavior which result from population education. Program aims are to extend the focus of in-school curriculum projects to encompass children at the elementary school level as well as senior high school and university levels, broaden research efforts in the direction of improving understanding of population learning process, and develop empirical bases for judging the effects of the various types of population education strategies and programs. Program needs over the next 3 years are identified. A table of illustrative curriculum content is included.
Population Sciences. 1983; (4):7-15.The slow progress of family planning in Egypt is not due to the insufficiency of human and material resources. The problem lies in the distribution, management, and improvement of these resources. Research and personnel training are critical to directing efforts along the right course and towards the right objectives. The Population Council (USA), at the end of 1972, identified all findings of major significance from international research on family planning programs. Of the 322 studies, not 1 was carried out in Egypt or was based on 2ndary data from Egypt. Since 1972, though, Egyptian social and medical scientists have become actively involved in demographic themes and human reproduction. These are mainly personal iniatives, often limited by a scarcity of funds. Findings of population studies are not as transferable from 1 population to another. Also, there is a diversity of research needs. Many Muslims believe that their religion outlaws birth control. Religious objection appears the most widely shared reason for nonuse. This objection suggests a series of questions on what can be done to influence religious attitudes relating to contraception. A permanent and adequately managed institution for training in family planning and related aspects of maternal education has not been set up in Egypt. Training requirements of different levels and categories of personnel must be carefully identified. The impact of training on the quality of performance must be monitored. Training should not be limited to conventional groups of trainees. Al-Azhar's Islamic Centre for Population Studies and Research was built 5 years ago with initial aid from the United Nations Fund for Population Activities. It was an attempt to create an intellectual focus on population issues, concerning how the quality of life and Islamic standards of its quality affect each other. During the 1st 5 years, the Centre devoted itself to research activities. 44 studies were conducted.