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Lancet. 1992 May 9; 339(8802):1162-3.HIV infection was detected in India in 1986 in 6 female prostitutes. Current estimates are that 1 million people in India are HIV positive. The official number of AIDS cases to date is 112. In Bombay, Pune, and Madras, 33% of the prostitutes and 50% of the IV drug users have become HIV positive. There have been reports of HIV positive blood donors and new born infants with HIV. To complicate matters, India is currently experiencing a tuberculosis epidemic with 9 million cases and 500,000 deaths annually. India is receiving US$84 million from the World Bank over the next 5 years plus special WHO funding for a national AIDS prevention and control campaign.