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Strengthening the teaching of tuberculosis control in basic training programmes. A manual for instructors of nurses and other health-care workers.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2006. 95 p. (WHO/HTM/TB/2006.367)Approximately one third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and at risk of developing the disease. Every year, more than 8 million people develop active tuberculosis (TB) and approximately 1.9 million people die. More than 90% of global TB cases and deaths occur in the developing world, where 75% of cases are in the most economically productive age group (15--54 years). Once infected with M. tuberculosis, a person is infected for life. While only 1 in 10 of infected people with healthy immune systems will develop TB symptoms during their lifetimes, infected people with weakened immune systems, such as those with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are at much greater risk of becoming ill with TB. At the same time, multidrug resistance, which is caused by poorly managed TB treatment, is a growing problem of serious concern in many countries throughout the world. (excerpt)
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. 2006 Jan 31; 11(1): p..In Zambia, the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has greatly increased in the last 10 years. This article describes Zambia and highlights the country's use of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals as a framework to guide TB treatment programmes. An overview of TB in Zambia is provided. Data related to TB cases at the county's main referral hospital, the University Teaching Hospital (UTH), is discussed. Treatment policies and barriers are described. Zambian nurses have been greatly affected by the rise in the morbidity and mortality of nurses with TB. This article explains the impact of TB on the Zambian nursing workforce. Review of Zambian government programmes designed to address this health crisis and targeted interventions to reduce TB among nurses are offered. (author's)