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  1. 1

    HIV / AIDS education: a gender perspective. Tips and tools.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2002. 21 p.

    The information, strategies and actions presented in this booklet are based on the findings and recommendations of a series of reviews of HIV/AIDS teaching and learning materials conducted by UNICEF in 1998 and 1999 in Latin America and the Caribbean; Asia and the Pacific; and East and Southern Africa. Together, these studies indicated that a huge number of materials and variety of formats already exist; how ever, there is an urgent need to strengthen both the content of these materials and the teaching and learning methodologies in relation to gender issues. Therefore, the priority is probably not to create more materials, but rather, to utilise what we have in much more effective ways. Sensitising educators, and others, to HIV/AIDS and its implications is also a central theme of this publication. The HIV/ AIDS pandemic has developed into a major threat to human development especially in the poorest regions of the world. Women and girls are at particular risk because of skewed power relations and concepts of masculinity that undermine their right, and ability, to make their own decisions in the family and in society in general. This includes decisions about when to have sex and with whom, and about protecting themselves against sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV-AIDS. Poverty and economic dependence, as well as harmful traditional practices increase the risks for women and girls. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Helminth control in school-age children. A guide for managers of control programmes.

    Montresor A; Crompton DW; Gyorkos TW; Savioli L

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2002. viii, 64, [4] p.

    This book is a guide for planners and programme managers in the health and education sectors who are responsible for implementing community-based programmes for control of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) and schistosome infections in school-age populations. The book describes a common and cost-effective approach whereby periodic parasitological surveys in a sample of the school population are used to select the appropriate control strategy for the whole community. An alternative approach, which relies on individual diagnosis and treatment, has been used with success in the rapidly evolving economies of Japan and the Republic of Korea, but is not discussed here. Key elements of guidelines previously published by WHO—Guidelines for the evaluation of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis at community level and Monitoring helminth control programmes are brought together in this book, with a third component on planning and budgeting. The book is intended to help managers to plan, implement, and monitor worm control programmes using methods based on the best current experience. It covers the following topics: programme design; delivery of drugs to schools and treatment of children; collection of data for programme evaluation; obtaining the needed materials. (excerpt)
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