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St. John's, Antigua, CFPA, 1987. 39 p.In the 1920s 1/3 of the children in the Caribbean area died before age 5, and life expectancy was 35 years; today life expectancy is 70 years. In the early 1960s only 50,000 women used birth control; in the mid-1980s 500,000 do, but this is still only 1/2 of all reproductive age women. During 1987 the governments of St. Lucia, Dominica and Grenada adopted formal population policies; and the Caribbean Family Planning Affiliation (CFPA) called for the introduction of sex education in all Caribbean schools for the specific purpose of reducing the high teenage pregnancy rate of 120/1000. CFPA received funds from the US Agency for International Development and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to assist in its annual multimedia IEC campaigns directed particularly at teenagers and young adults. CFPA worked with other nongovernmental organizations to conduct seminars on population and development and family life education in schools. In 1986-87 CFPA held a short story contest to heighten teenage awareness of family planning. The CFPA and its member countries observed the 3rd Annual Family Planning Day on November 21, 1987; and Stichting Lobi, the Family Planning Association of Suriname celebrated its 20th anniversary on February 29, 1988. CFPA affiliate countries made strides in 1987 in areas of sex education, including AIDS education, teenage pregnancy prevention, and outreach programs. The CFPA Annual Report concludes with financial statements, a list of member associations, and the names of CFPA officers.
CAIRO EXAMINER. 1994 Autumn; 15-7.When the current Nicaraguan administration came into office in 1990, following the defeat of the Sandinista regime, a well-established sex education program, funded by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), was already in place in Nicaragua. The program focused upon teaching adolescents the wisdom of contraceptives, teaching them to know and use them, and presenting sexuality and sexual behavior in a positive light as long as pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases are prevented. If these two latter conditions were met, then all types of sexual activity were deemed acceptable. The program was justified by Nicaraguans and UN staff involved in the effort as a means of tackling Nicaragua's main problem, rapid population growth. The author, Minister of Education in Nicaragua since 1990, opposed condom distribution in schools. He describes the UNFPA's agenda and population policy.