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The human right to family planning. Report of the Working Group on the Promotion of Family Planning as a Basic Human Right to the Members' Assembly and the Central Council of the International Planned Parenthood Federation, November 1983.
London, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1984. 52 p.This report examines the problems involved in the exercise of the right to family planning; reviews the approaches taken towards overcoming these problems and promoting the right to family planning at local, national, and international levels, including the experience of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF); and makes recommendations to the 1983 meetings of the Central Council and the Members' Assembly on the action that should be taken by the IPPF and its members to enhance the commitment to family planning as a basic human right during 1982-84 Plan and beyond. The report's 5 sections discuss the following: the concept of the right to family planning (historical background and a conceptual elaboration); links between the right to family planning and other human rights (basic human rights and needs, advocacy for social development, and women's rights); access to fertility regulation information and services (full and voluntary choice of methods, rights of young people, financial accessibility of fertility regulation services, and the right to have children); incentives and disincentives to individuals and couples, incentives to providers of fertility regulation information and services, and research needs; and strategies for promoting family planning as a basic human right (ensuring that the individual has the knowledge of the right to fertility regulation and understands the options, generating societal support for family planning, ensuring ready access to the means ror fertility regulation, legal support for the right to family planning, and increasing political commitment to the right to family planning). The application of the term "the right to family planning" to many different elements of personal and social behavior as well as to policy making and program development has led to some confusion and potential conflict between rights and responsibilities. It is recommended that a clear distinction be made in the definition of the right to family planning to reflect 2 important components, namely, the right of everyone to have ready access to information, education, and services for fertility regulation; and the right of everyone to make decisions about reproductive behavior. Family planning organizations canachieve institutional credibility as caring organizations and assure program effectiveness by encouraging the recognition of the links between the right to family planning and the right to other social and economic improvements that are the essence of development.