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    Peer Reviewed

    Children's rights in the context of HIV / AIDS in Southern Africa.

    van Rensburg GH; Human SP

    Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 2005 May-Jun; 16(3):41-51.

    Children in Southern Africa are living under extreme, difficult circumstances because of the spread of HIV/AIDS. Protecting and enhancing the rights of children can be regarded as an investment in the future. The principles identified in the World Fit for Children document from the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, within the context of HIV/AIDS, were used as a theoretical framework for a study conducted in one of the provinces of South Africa. A survey was conducted as a collaborative research project to map out critical trends regarding the fulfillment of children’s rights, patterns, and structures of services available and the identification of capacity gaps. Right holders and duty bearers were interviewed, area surveys were conducted, and field observations were performed to determine data. Recommendations were made to raise the awareness of children’s rights and to mobilize the community into action. To realize children’s rights, emphasis must be placed on physical survival, development, and protection. Duty bearers should recognize and accept their responsibilities to establish, facilitate, manage, and/or control plans of action to address the devastating consequences of HIV/AIDS. Children should be empowered with knowledge, skills, and awareness to engage in and claim their rights. (author's)
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