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Towards universal access: scaling up priority HIV / AIDS interventions in the health sector. Progress report, April 2007.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2007 Apr. 88 p.Drawing on lessons from the scale-up of HIV interventions over the last few years, WHO, as the UNAIDS cosponsor responsible for the health sector response to HIV/AIDS, has established priorities for its technical work and support to countries on the basis of the following five Strategic Directions, each of which represents a critical area where the health sector must invest if significant progress is to be made towards achieving universal access. Enabling people to know their HIV status; Maximizing the health sector's contribution to HIV prevention; Accelerating the scale-up of HIV/AIDS treatment and care; Strengthening and expanding health systems; Investing in strategic information to guide a more effective response. In this context, WHO undertook at the World Health Assembly in May 2006 to monitor and evaluate the global health sector response in scaling up towards universal access and to produce annual reports. This first report addresses progress in scaling up the following health sector interventions. Antiretroviral therapy; Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT); HIV testing and counseling; Interventions for injecting drug users (IDUs); Control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to prevent HIV transmission; Surveillance of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. (excerpt)
Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 1949; 2:139-154.International action on venereal diseases was considered urgent by the Interim Commission of WHO, which decided that a survey of the scientific, practical and other aspects of the problem should be made, with a view to developing practical plans for the international combating of venereal diseases. On the basis of a preliminary worldwide survey by the Secretariat with regard to the nature and extent of the problem, an expert committee was established, and at its first session outlined the principles and scope of an international venereal-disease programme, which subsequently became the basis for the programme approved by the first Health Assembly. Particular emphasis was placed on the continuation of the work on serological standardization of the Health Organization of the League of Nations, the establishment of norms for venereal-disease treatment, the promotion of wider availability of anti-venereal drugs, and the co-ordination of the WHO programme with those of other international organizations. (excerpt)