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  1. 1

    Monitoring human rights in contraceptive services and programmes.

    Gruskin S; Kumar S; Nicholson A; Ali M; Khosla R

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2017. 73 p.

    This tool for Monitoring human rights in contraceptive services and programmes contributes to the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) ongoing work on rights-based contraceptive programmes. This work builds directly on WHO’s 2014 Ensuring human rights within contraceptive programmes: a human rights analysis of existing quantitative indicators and the 2015 publication Ensuring human rights within contraceptive service delivery implementation guide by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and WHO. This tool is intended for use by countries to assist them in strengthening their human rights efforts in contraceptive programming. The tool uses existing commonly-used indicators to highlight areas where human rights have been promoted, neglected or violated in contraceptive programming; gaps in programming and in data collection; and opportunities for action within the health sector and beyond, including opportunities for partnership initiatives.
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  2. 2

    Preventing early pregnancy: What the evidence says.

    World Health Organization [WHO]; Family Care International

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, [2011]. [8] p.

    The Preventing early pregnancy: What the evidence says? in Developing Countries presents the evidence to design national policies and strategies. It contains recommendations on action and research for preventing: (1) early pregnancy: by preventing marriage before 18 years of age; by increasing knowledge and understanding of the importance of pregnancy prevention; by increasing the use of contraception; and by preventing coerced sex; (2) poor reproductive outcomes: by reducing unsafe abortions; and by increasing the use of skilled antenatal, childbirth and postnatal care. These guidelines are primarily intended for policy-makers, planners and programme managers from governments, nongovernmental organizations and development agencies. They are also likely to be of interest to public health researchers and practitioners, professional associations and civil society groups. They have been developed through a systematic review of existing research and input from experts from countries around the world, in partnership with many key international organizations working to improve adolescents’ health. Similar partnerships have been forged to distribute them widely and to support their use. (Excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Another way to learn... Case studies.

    Dada M

    Paris, France, UNESCO, Education Sector, Division for the Coordination of UN Priorities in Education, Section on HIV and AIDS, 2007. 83 p. (ED-2006/WS/43)

    The purpose of this publication is to share UNESCO's experience and our thinking behind a number of projects that have sought to address the needs of some of the disadvantaged and in particular those impacted by drug misuse. The experience of these projects demonstrates key factors that impinge progress towards social inclusion: homelessness; unemployment; discrimination and stigma; low levels of education; health inequalities; crime and violence. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Preventing HIV infections in young people.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 2001 Dec. 5 p. (HIV Prevention Now Programme Briefs No. 3)

    Young people are the 'window of hope' in changing the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Preventing HIV infections among them is vital. Of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, one third are aged 15-24 years and roughly half were infected during their youth. This makes it imperative that young people be at the center of prevention actions, both in focus and in involvement, to ultimately halt the pandemic. As many behavioural lifestyles are formed during the early adolescent years, and as acquisition of HIV in young people is predominantly through sexual activities, this period in life provides the opportune time to positively influence behaviours, choices and lifestyles that will hopefully last into adulthood. Young people are our future and preventing HIV infections among them - NOW - represents sound investment for the future. In response, UNFPA has identified the prevention of HIV infection among young people as one of its strategic areas of focus (along with preventing HIV infection in pregnant women and comprehensive condom programming). Within the context of reproductive health, UNFPA must strive to build on and expand programmes that promote healthy adolescent development and ensure among sexually active young people, safer and responsible sexual behaviour. By doing this, UNFPA will help ensure young people are dually protected against STI/HIV infections and unwanted pregnancies. (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    South Africa. Improving access and choice in reproductive health education and services: PPASA in the South African urban slums.

    Wesson J

    Ampang, Malaysia, International Council on Management of Population Programmes [ICOMP], 2000 Sep. [45] p. (Series on Upscaling Innovations in Reproductive Health No. 12)

    South Africa has what is often described as the most progressive constitution in the world, guaranteeing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) to all regardless of race, religion, sex, disability or sexual orientation. Since the new, democratically elected government came to power, numerous legal obstacles, which would have slowed down progress in improving reproductive health (RH), have been reformed. Despite these significant achievements in the field of RH, South Africa still has numerous and difficult obstacles to overcome. The government is in the process of transforming a previously fragmented health system into an integrated, unitary health system. The country is also facing the enormous task of dealing with a rapidly rising Human Immuno-deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic, unwanted adolescent pregnancy, high maternal mortality rate, and increased sexual violence against women and children. Resources and other limitations related to the past legacy of apartheid have also slowed down the pace of bringing genuine equity and opportunity to all South Africa’s people, especially for women and youths. South Africa may be fairly described as the “potential engine for development in East and Southern Africa”, with growth accelerating to almost 3% and inflation falling to less than 10%. The high unemployment rate, however (25-30% overall, with almost double this rate for coloured people in South Africa), continues to undermine these economic achievements. An estimated 25% of South Africans (mostly black) subsist on less than $1.00 per day in the shadow of opulence and privilege. (excerpt)
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  6. 6

    At the crossroads: accelerating youth access to HIV / AIDS interventions.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]. Inter-Agency Task Team on Young People

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], HIV / AIDS Branch, UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Young People, 2004. 8 p.

    Young people remain at the centre of the epidemic in terms of transmission, vulnerability, impact, and potential for change. Today’s young generation, the largest in history, has not known a world without AIDS. Of the over 1 billion young people worldwide, 10 million are currently living with HIV. If we are to reach the global targets set forth in international agreements, urgent action and increased investment must be made in HIV prevention, treatment and care programmes specifically for young people. (excerpt)
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  7. 7


    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    In: Eye to eye, [compiled by] International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. London, England, IPPF, 2001. 16-21.

    Through the use of clinics, youth centers, retail outlets, integrated facilities and other means, International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) is ensuring that for the first time in many countries, young people can now access youth- friendly sexual and reproductive health services designed for young people where no other organization is providing them. There are a number of strategies to attract young people to services or to take services to young people but in each case the factors for success are linked to quality and the attributes of youth friendliness. IPPF affiliates have also shown how a broader approach to youth development can be used to achieve sexual and reproductive health related goals. (excerpt)
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