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  1. 1

    Increasing access to HIV testing and counselling. Report of a WHO Consultation, 19–21 November 2002, Geneva, Switzerland.

    World Health Organization [WHO] Consultation on Increasing Access to HIV Testing and Counselling (2002: Geneva)

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2003. 30 p.

    In November 2002, WHO convened a larger consultation to consider strategies to increase access to HIV testing and counselling. Those at the Consultation reconfirmed the commitment to voluntary HIV testing and counselling and explored new modalities by which to ensure informed consent as access to HIV testing and counselling expands in a variety of settings. In this context, the participants urged that HIV testing and counselling be offered as standard best practice in the provision of prevention, care and treatment services whenever testing and counselling can benefit the health and well-being of those affected by HIV/AIDS. This report summarizes the main conclusions reached at this Consultation. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    The experience of the Association for Voluntary Sterilization in supporting vasectomy programs.

    Jezowski TW; Ahmad JS

    [Unpublished] 1982. Paper prepared for Conference on Vasectomy, Colombo, Sri Lanka, Oct. 4-7, 1982. 21 p.

    Discusses the factors responsible for the decline of male acceptance of vasectomy over the past decade. The Association for Voluntary Sterilization (AVS) is a nonprofit organization working in the United States which helps funding of similar programs in other developed and developing countries. Reasons for the decline of vasectomy acceptance include the lack of attention paid to male sterilization in countries with family planning programs, the introduction of new technology for female sterilization, the introduction of new effective methods of contraception, and the exaggerated sexual role of the male and the need to protect his virility. The author reviews successful vasectomy programs and finds that, to be successful, a program should have strong leadership, a focussed design, clinic hours that would not interfere with patients' working schedules, and should pay attention to the needs of men, e.g., emphasizing that vasectomy does not cause impotency. The program should also have a community-based orientation, since all the services are not hospital-based and can be brought to the client's home, thereby emphasizing the minor nature of the surgery. AVS believes that vasectomy as a means of family planning can be effective. It is safe, inexpensive, simple, and deliverable. A special fund was allocated in 1983 to stimulate the development of several pilot and demonstration projects in a variety of countries.
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