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Tellus. 1984 Jul; 5(2):8-11, 25-8.Since the formulation of the World Population Plan of Action (WPPA) in Bucharest in 1974, about 80% of governments have endorsed family planning and fertility control. There has been a growing awareness by governments that population planning must be an integral part of general policy formulation. This article describes the issues of central concern to the 1984 International Population Conference in Mexico, highlighting those which result from new global developments over the past decade. Immigration, particularly by exiles and refugees from political persecution, are contributing much more to population instability than foreseen by the WPPA. Internal migration and massive population shifts from rural to urban areas are of increasing concern to governments in developing nations. In developed countries, there has been an emergence of anxiety over zero population growth. The role of privately sponsored programs for population control is much less prominent, as governments take more responsibility for formulating population policy. A report from a meeting of 90 such nongovernmental organizations held in 1983 was reluctantly accepted as an official document at the conference in Mexico. The Canadian Task Force on Population has identified 5 issues of special concern: status of women, the environment, aging, immigration, and family planning. The Task Force includes among its objectives the encouragement of a comprehensive population policy for Canada, focussing both on Canada's special concerns and on its place in the global community. For example, acid rain and improper soil conservation are threatening Canada's status as one of the few viable "bread baskets" for the world. The growing bulge in the population over age 65 will impose economic strain in the future. Sex education for adolescents in inadequate, with only 1/2 of Canadian schools addressing sex and sexuality in the curriculum.
In: International Labour Office. Caribbean Regional Employers' Seminar on Population and Family Welfare Planning, Port-of-Spain, 10-14 April 1973. Geneva, International Labour Office, 1973. p. 167-209The objectives to be examined in this seminar of participants from employer organizations in the English speaking Caribbean are the relationship between population programs and national development, the employers' role and objectives in regard to population problems, the population problem as it relates to the welfare of the workers and their families, and the contribution that can be made to this problem area by employers and work-related health, welfare and educational services. The following section reports the international actions that have been taken in response to population growth as well as how on a national level this growth is negatively affecting the efforts of the International Labour Office to improve the employment situation. Tables and discussion elaborate on the population of both the world and the Caribbean in the 3rd section. A review of the family planning activities of 16 countries is given next in order to illustrate how other governments, employers and workers are using family planning as a mean of dealing with population growth. The means to reduce fertility and affect population development are presented in the 5th section. Section 6 simply refers the reader to Annex B for a report of suggestions from employers of other regions who have already participated in this same seminar. The other annex provides the family planning policy programs in selected countries in the Caribbean. The final section raises the following issues for discussion: 1) employment and population issues; 2) family planning and work related issues; 3) coordination and collaboration of family planning agencies with employers and workers organizations; 4) further action that can be taken by employer organizations; 5) family planning measures that can be taken; and, 6) international assistance that would be helpful.