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  1. 1

    The Greater Involvement of People Living with HIV (GIPA).

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2007 Mar. 4 p. (UNAIDS Policy Brief)

    Nearly 40 million people in the world are living with HIV. In countries such as Botswana, Swaziland, and Lesotho people living with HIV make up a quarter or more of the population. People living with HIV are entitled to the same human rights as everyone else, including the right to access appropriate services, gender equality, self-determination and participation in decisions affecting their quality of life, and freedom from discrimination. All national governments and leading development institutions have committed to meeting the eight Millennium Development Goals, which include halving extreme poverty, halting and beginning to reverse HIV and providing universal primary education by 2015. GIPA or the Greater Involvement of People Living with HIV is critical to halting and reversing the epidemic; in many countries reversing the epidemic is also critical to reducing poverty. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Family planning and the World Bank in Jamaica.

    King T

    In: The global family planning revolution: three decades of population policies and programs, edited by Warren C. Robinson and John A. Ross. Washington, D.C., World Bank, 2007. 155-174.

    In Jamaica, as in many countries, the pioneers of family planning were men and women who sought to improve the well-being of their impoverished women compatriots, and who perhaps were also conscious of the social threats of rapid population growth. When, eventually, population control became national policy, the relationship between the initial private programs and the national effort did not always evolve smoothly, as the Jamaican experience shows (see box 10.1 for a timeline of the main events in relation to family planning in Jamaica). A related question was whether the family planning program should be a vertical one, that is, with a staff directed toward a sole objective, or whether it should be integrated within the public health service. These issues were not unique to Jamaica, but in one respect Jamaica was distinctive: it was the setting for the World Bank's first loan for family planning activities. Family planning programs entailed public expenditures that were quite different from the infrastructure investments for which almost all Bank loans had been made, and the design and appraisal of a loan for family planning that did not violate the principles that governed Bank lending at the time required a series of decisions at the highest levels of the Bank. These decisions shaped World Bank population lending for several years and subjected the Bank to a good deal of external criticism. For that reason, this chapter focuses on the process of making this loan. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    The business response to HIV / AIDS: impact and lessons learned.

    Daly K

    Geneva, Switzerland, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS], 2000. [78] p.

    This publication follows on from the report "Business Response to HIV/AIDS: Innovation and Partnerships" published in 1997. With the increased knowledge and experience of business responses available today, there is a need to update the available statistical information, to provide further evidence of the need for action, and to document new case studies. Therefore, this report aims to provide assistance to business and associated partners in recognising the business case for further action against HIV/AIDS in the workplace and beyond. This is achieved through providing evidence of the impact that HIV/AIDS has on business activities and by highlighting the lessons learned from past and current responses. Guidance is provided in the form of policy tools, case studies and an examination of how to undertake successful partnerships in response to HIV/AIDS. This publication does not seek to provide standard models but tools to guide effective, efficient and needs-specific responses to HIV/AIDS. It is divided into five sections: A summary of the background information on HIV/AIDS, facts and trends, followed by a brief description of the response to date by the public and non-governmental sectors; A presentation of the impact that HIV/AIDS has on business, at the macroeconomic and individual company levels, providing the business case for early action against HIV/AIDS; An overview of the broad areas of activity by business in response to HIV/AIDS, with guidance on how to undertake HIV/AIDS policies and programmes; An examination of the factors that create and maintain successful partnerships in response to HIV/AIDS; The provision of 17 profiles of business activities in response to the disease, identifying the key lessons learned and providing models of good practice. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Globalization and health policy in South Africa.

    McIntyre D; Thomas S; Cleary S

    Perspectives on Global Development and Technology. 2004; 3(1-2):131-152.

    This paper considers influences of globalization on three relevant health policy issues in South Africa, namely, private health sector growth, health professional migration, and pharmaceutical policy. It considers the relative role of key domestic and global actors in health policy development around these issues. While South Africa has not been subject to the overt health policy pressure from international organizations experienced by governments in many other low- and middle-income countries, global influence on South Africa's macroeconomic policy has had a profound, albeit indirect, effect on our health policies. Ultimately, this has constrained South Africa's ability to achieve its national health goals. (author's)
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  5. 5

    1997: the year of making tough choices.

    DiPerna P

    EARTH TIMES. 1997 Jan 1-15; 10(1):5-7.

    During 1997, the international community will move from the five-year cycle of UN summit-level conferences to a phase in which the policy goals arising from these conferences must be implemented. The success of that implementation will depend upon the choice of starting points; the balance of finance, technology, and political courage; the ability to plan specifics while viewing generalities; and the ability to preserve global responsibility in the face of global economic competition. 1997 will be marked by new UN leadership, by whether the US places environmental issues on par with economic and international affairs, and by how the issue of funding Agenda 21 is resolved. In addition, more women are needed in positions of political and economic leadership at all levels to implement the goals of the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). Another concern which must be met in 1997 is the growing divide between the public discussions of the completed UN conference cycle and the private process embraced by the World Trade Organization, which may nullify the terms of many international environmental agreements. The most easily implemented agreement reached at the UNCED was the Climate Change Convention (which would control emissions) but the voluntary target has been effectively scrapped, and 1997 will see the adoption of a realistic goal or admitted failure in implementation. Additional issues include the codification of public policy goals in privatization contracts, stemming current weapons exportation, exposing and decrying unethical expedient alliances between northern fossil fuel industries and developing countries, and promoting wildlife protection.
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