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New York, New York, UNFPA, 2006.  p.Today, women constitute almost half of all international migrants worldwide - 95 million. Yet, despite contributions to poverty reduction and struggling economies, it is only recently that the international community has begun to grasp the significance of what migrant women have to offer. And it is only recently that policymakers are acknowledging the particular challenges and risks women confront when venturing into new lands. Every year millions of women working millions of jobs overseas send hundreds of millions of dollars in remittance funds back to their homes and communities. These funds go to fill hungry bellies, clothe and educate children, provide health care and generally improve living standards for loved ones left behind. For host countries, the labour of migrant women is so embedded into the very fabric of society that it goes virtually unnoticed. Migrant women toil in the households of working families, soothe the sick and comfort the elderly. They contribute their technical and professional expertise, pay taxes and quietly support a quality of life that many take for granted. (excerpt)
Vietnam Population News. 2007 Apr-Jun; (43):3-6.On 5 May 2007, Madame Le Thi Thu, Minister-Chair-woman of VCPFC, and heads of ministries and sectors warmly welcomed Ms. Ann M. Veneman, UNICEF's Executive Director. At the meeting, Madame Thu gave a brief on Viet Nam's achievements in child care, education and protection during the past few years and future work orientation. Children's living standards have been unceasingly improved, children's rights have been step by step met in terms of physical, intellectual, spiritual and morality. She hoped to receive the efficient support of UNICEF. Ms. Ann M. Veneman is impressed by Viet Nam's achievements. She said that UNICEF would have focus to HIV/AIDS, childhood injury, and under-five underweight. She recommended Viet Nam to pay more attention to causes of those issues, especially setting up databases and provide data/indicators that can be compared with other countries in the region. During her visit, Ms. Ann M. Veneman also met with Government officials to discuss about related matters. She said Viet Nam is likely to be one of the countries to reach the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets, with some of these targets ahead of 2015. Despite the significant progress achieved, there remain challenges, such as disparity between the rich and poor, impacts of HIV on children and protecting children from injury and harm. (excerpt)
New York, New York, United Nations, 2007.  p. (ESA/P/WP.202)The 2006 Revision is the twentieth round of official United Nations population estimates and projections prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. These are used throughout the United Nations system as the basis for activities requiring population information. The 2006 Revision builds on the 2004 Revision and incorporates both the results of the 2000 round of national population censuses and of recent specialized surveys carried around the world. These sources provide both demographic and other information to assess the progress made in achieving the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The comprehensive review of past worldwide demographic trends and future prospects presented in the 2006 Revision provides the population basis for the assessment of those goals. According to the 2006 Revision, the world population will likely increase by 2.5 billion over the next 43years, passing from the current 6.7 billion to 9.2 billion in 2050. This increase is equivalent to the size the world population had in 1950 and it will be absorbed mostly by the less developed regions, whose population is projected to rise from 5.4 billion in 2007 to 7.9 billion in 2050. In contrast, the population of the more developed regions is expected to remain largely unchanged at 1.2 billion and would have declined were it not for the projected net migration from developing to developed countries, which is expected to average 2.3 million persons annually. (excerpt)
Washington, D.C., Population Reference Bureau [PRB], 2005.  p. (MENA Policy Briefs)Development experts increasingly see family planning and other reproductive health care as vital for improving well-being and achieving other social and development goals. The use of modern contraceptives, for example, helps couples avoid unintended pregnancies and protects both mothers’ and children’s health. Other reproductive health care helps women have healthy pregnancies and helps protect women and men against sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. The linkages between reproductive health and development are particularly important in the Middle East and North Africa (MEAN), where progress toward development goals is uneven. Investing in reproductive health, however, rarely ranks high on the list of national priorities, which usually emphasize creating jobs and raising incomes. This lack of attention is counterproductive. Prioritizing women’s reproductive health at a national level would help accelerate progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—a global development framework adopted by the United Nations (UN) for improving people’s lives and combating poverty. This policy brief examines how countries in the MEAN region are progressing toward achieving the MDGs and highlights how these countries could benefit from greater attention to reproductive health. The region is moving in the right direction on most MDG indicators, but priority attention is needed to increase gender equality, expand quality health services, and address freshwater scarcity. (excerpt)
Population 2005. 2004 Dec; 6(4):7-8.In a report issued in November, the Population Division of the UN’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs has estimated that the world’s population may stabilize at about 9 billion by the year 2300. The document, World Population 2300, provides extensive data showing low, medium and high projections for each country of the world. All projected scenarios share the same assumptions about steady decline of mortality after 2050, increase in life expectancy, and zero international migration after 2050. The scenarios are based on assumptions for 2050, which were set out in the UN’s World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision, Volumes I and II. The following major findings are excerpted from the report. (excerpt)
Fuera del Closet. 1996 Sep; (10):6-7.Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), including HIV/AIDS, represent more than 10% of the diseases suffered by men and women worldwide. The World Health Organization recognizes that these diseases are most common in young, sexually active people between the ages of 15 and 24, and their incidence is on the rise. (excerpt)
[Risk of HIV infection. Sexually transmitted diseases] Riesgo de infección por VIH. Enfermedades de transmisión sexual.
VIDAS. 1997 Dec; 1(5):8-9.According to the World Health Organization, some 685,000 men and women contract sexually-transmitted infections every day, and, worldwide, approximately 250 million new sexually-transmitted infections occur every year. (excerpt)
Development Outreach. 2004 Jul;  p..The UNAIDS/WHO estimates shown below are based on the most recent available data. They are provisional. UNAIDS and WHO, together with experts from national AIDS programs and research institutions, regularly review and update the estimates as improved knowledge about the epidemic becomes available. Because of these and future advances, the current estimates cannot be compared directly with estimates from previous years, nor with those that may be published subsequently. (excerpt)
New York, New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division, 2003 Apr. 18 p. (Statistical Papers Series A, Vol. LV, No. 2; ST/ESA/STAT/Ser.A/225)This issue of the Population and Vital Statistics Report presents 2001 and 2002 estimates of world and continental population, as well as corresponding 2001 estimates for 235 countries or areas of the world, which are listed separately in the Report. Also shown for each country or area are the results of the latest nation-wide census of population (total, male and female) and, wherever possible, nationally representative statistics of live births, deaths and infant deaths (deaths under one year of age) for the most recent year available. If a nation-wide population census has never been taken, but a sample survey has, the survey results are shown in the "Latest population census" column until census data become available and are footnoted accordingly. (excerpt)
New York, New York, UNFPA, 2003. iv, 345 p.This section outlines the objectives of the country’s formal population policy (if any), or of population-related components of its general development policies. Actions and other measures currently taken to implement these policies are also highlighted to illustrate the Government’s political will and priorities. These descriptions are based on various sources, including the biennial Population Policy Inquiries of the United Nations Population Division and the regular reports on country programme progress submitted to UNFPA. Each of the major subregions is introduced with an overview of common key issues. (excerpt)
Washington, D.C., PAHO, 2003.  p.Around the world, efforts to reduce poverty and enhance development have had greater success where women and men have relatively equal opportunities. In much of Latin America, however, women’s low social status, poor health, and subordination to men persist. Governments in the region increasingly acknowledge the need to promote gender equity in health and other aspects of development, but the data to monitor disparities between men and women—and progress in closing the gaps—have not been readily available. This data sheet profiles gender differences in health and development in 48 countries in the Americas, focusing on women’s reproductive health, access to key health services, and major causes of death. Its objective is to raise awareness of gender inequities in the region and to promote the use of sex-disaggregated health statistics for policies and programs. This effort is consistent with the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals, adopted by 189 member countries at the UN Millennium Summit (2000), which focus on achieving measurable improvements in people’s lives, including greater gender equality. The data sheet also provides basic population and development indicators and information on other factors that influence health, including education, employment, political participation, and risk factors. Staff of the Pan American Health Organization and the Population Reference Bureau compiled this information using data from official national sources as well as data collected by specialized international agencies. (author's)
Monitoring development progress: data collection needs and challenges. Background paper for the Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference, Senior Officials Segment, 11-14 December 2002, Bangkok.
Bangkok, Thailand, ESCAP, 2002 Nov 26. 9 p. (PRUDD/SAPPC/INF.9)Population-based data and indicators are crucial for national and sub-national policies and plans, for development frameworks, such as the United Nations' Common Country Assessment (CCAs) and the Poverty Reduction Strategies Papers (PRSPs), for national and global tracking of progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) derived from the global United Nations conferences and summits of the 1990s, for results based management, as well as for evidence based policy dialogue. The increased demand for indicators to measure development progress, has heightened national and international awareness of the need to build sustainable statistical capacity for the collection of timely and relevant statistics for policy formulation and programme management. The ability to provide timely indicators to measure development progress requires several data collection sources and instruments, as well as a well-resourced national statistical system. This paper reviews the data needs for monitoring development progress. (excerpt)
New York, New York, United Nations, 1992. x, 50,  p. (Statistics on Special Population Groups. Series Y. No. 6; ST/ESA/STAT/SER.Y/6)This compendium provides statistical tables and charts and descriptive summaries of the main trends in the social and economic conditions of youth in 176 countries during 1970-90. Country specific tables are presented at the end of each of the five chapters on population, education and training, economic activity, health and childbearing, and households and marital status. Regional and subregional averages are based on unweighted data. Subregional averages are indicated where there are wide differences among countries. Data are obtained from official national and international sources. The world youth population aged 15-24 years was an estimated 519 million men and 493 million women in 1990 (>1 billion total). This total reflects a 52% increase since 1970. Over 80% of youth lived in developing regions. Over 60% lived in Asia. The annual growth rate of youth declined to 1-2% during the late 1980s. In 37 countries, the youth growth rate is increasing by more than 3% per year. In developed regions, the youth growth rate was under 0.5% per year. The male/female sex ratio was about 106:100. In 30 countries the sex ratio was higher. Over 50% of youth lived in urban areas in Eastern Europe and the USSR, other developed regions, North Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and West Asia. Most youth lived in rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Oceania. Almost 30% of young men aged 20-24 years were household heads in developed regions and sub-Saharan Africa. By age 20, few women were married, except in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Fertility rates among women aged 20-24 years were lowest in developed regions, except Eastern Europe and the USSR, and in East and Southeast Asia. 66% of youth lived in countries with very low per capita income (under $1000/year). Young women's illiteracy rates were higher than men's except in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Feasibility study on accelerating the improvement of civil registration and vital statistics systems of the Philippines.
New York, New York, United Nations, 1995. vii, 119,  p. (ST/ESA/STAT/110)This evaluation of the Philippines Vital Statistics and Civil Registration system was conducted by the International Institute for Vital Registration and Statistics. The aim is to ascertain whether system improvements are feasible. It is concluded that substantial financial assistance and external cooperation with the Filipino government will be required. The report is presented in three parts: 1) an analysis of the legal, administrative, and technical constraints on the civil registration and vital statistics systems; 2) nationwide strategies for improving quality and reliability; and 3) concrete recommendations for reforming the system within five years. Constraints to registration are identified. Filipinos perceive that the system pertains to Christians only. The central filing office is inaccessible from rural barangays. Ethnic minorities have different customs (naming, polygamy, divorce, burial) that do not fit the system. Civil registration is not an immediate requirement for living one's life. Births are not always registered under the name of the natural mother. Births should be registered by place of occurrence, but migrants may delay registration or register twice. There are civil and religious marriages and sometimes double registration. Civil registers are sometimes left with incomplete information or lost. It is recommended that government responsibilities for registration management be defined, all local chief executives be instructed in legal procedures for registration, and assessments be made of over and under staffing patterns. Incentives, taxpayer reporting requirements, and work registration were other suggestions. Long term solutions include the establishment of a National Civil Registration Office and the inclusion of minority reporting. Recommendations, which were made in the five year agenda (1992-96), were implemented in part during 1992-93.
New York, New York, United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Statistical Division, 1995. x, 1,032 p. (No. ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R/24)This is a comprehensive collection of international demographic statistics published annually by the United Nations. "The tables in this issue of the Yearbook are presented in two parts, the basic tables followed by the tables devoted to population censuses, the special topic in this issue. The first part contains tables giving a world summary of basic demographic statistics, followed by tables presenting statistics on the size, distribution and trends in population, natality, foetal mortality, infant and maternal mortality, general mortality, nuptiality and divorce. In the second part, this issue of the Yearbook serves to update the census information featured in the 1988 issue. Census data on demographic and social characteristics include population by single years of age and sex, national and/or ethnic composition, language and religion. Tables showing data on geographical characteristics include information on major civil divisions and localities by size-class. Educational characteristics include population data on literacy, educational attainment and school attendance. In many of the tables, data are shown by urban/rural residence."
Applications of GIS for population and related statistics (INT/92/P92). Assessment of GIS and desktop mapping software options.
[Unpublished] . ii, 47 p.This report reviews a number of popular geographic information system (GIS) packages to provide information about GIS software options to statistical offices and UN agencies involved in the production and use of demographic data. Given the large number of GIS packages on the market and the speed at which the industry develops, this review only reflects the status of the packages as of the end of 1994. The paper discusses how GIS can contribute to the more effective application of population-related data and introduces some important GIS concepts. The evaluation is structured around the fundamental GIS operations of database development and management, data analysis, and output generation. Some issues regarding the institutional framework within which a GIS implementation takes place are also discussed. A number of general conclusions are drawn in a closing section based upon organizational experience with the different packages. Before making a GIS software purchase decision, all vendors should be contacted for information about their latest releases. This review also includes a bibliography of selected GIS references and a list of useful addresses.
New York, New York, United Nations, Dept. for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, 1995 Jan. , 19 p. (Statistical Papers Series A Vol. XLVII, No. 1; ST/ESA/STAT/SER.A/192)This paper presents 1993 and 1994 estimates of world and continental population size, as well as corresponding 1993 estimates for 234 countries and areas of the world listed separately in the report. Also shown for each country or area are the results of the latest nationwide census of population, the most recent official estimate of population, and, when available, nationally representative statistics of live births, deaths, and deaths to individuals younger than one year old for the most recent year available. Sample survey data are presented in cases where nationwide population censuses have never been conducted. It is noted that this issue of the Population and Vital Statistics Report supersedes all previous issues, with the data currently presented subject to future revision. Interested readers may find more detailed data and data relating to years not shown in the report in the Demographic Yearbook. Countries and areas are arranged in alphabetical order within continents.
In: Population policies and programmes. Proceedings of the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Population Policies and Programmes, Cairo, Egypt, 12-16 April 1992. New York, New York, United Nations, 1993. 203-5. (ST/ESA/SER.R/128)Some of the operational issues encountered by the former Population Branch of the former Department of Technical Cooperation for Development of the United National Secretariat in formulating and implementing population policies in developing countries are explored. These issues consists of (a) policy framework; (b) operational framework; (c) legitimization and public support; (d) institutional framework; and (e) implementation. Most developing countries are interested in comprehensive population policies. El Salvador, Mexico, Tunisia, and Yemen formulated such policies to tackle demographic and health problems together with current social, economic, and environmental issues. The recent population policies of Bolivia and Yemen are based on a solid analysis of the most relevant issues followed by proposed policies and a plan of action to fit socioeconomic development needs. Such strategies were followed in Botswana, Mexico, and Yemen. In many developing countries, during the past 2 decades, institutions to formulate and coordinate population policies have been set up. Such institutions comprise: (a) population commissions, which have been established in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Jordan, Mexico, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, and Yemen; (b) A population secretariat, which serves as secretariat to the Population Commission; (c) A population planning unit, whose function is technical and pertains to analysis and research to the integration of population with development planning; (d) A demographic analysis and studies unit, which is generally located in a national statistical office. A strong Population Commission secretariat with both administrative capabilities and with responsibilities for planning, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation, and resource mobilization and allocation greatly facilities population policy implementation in any country.
New York, New York, United Nations, 1993. , 19 p. (Statistical Papers Series A Vol. XLV, No. 1; ST/ESA/STAT/SER.A/184)The UN Population and Vital Statistics volume reports on available registered data, as of January 1, 1993, on live births, deaths, and infant deaths, excluding fetal deaths, in the defacto population within present boundaries recorded in civil registers. Estimates are generated for mid-year population figures. Quality of the vital statistics data is recorded as data which represent 90% of events occurring each year, data representing <90% of events, and unidentified data. Quality of population statistics is recorded as quality of adjustments that were made to the data. Population figures are coded by the nature of the data, the recency of the base data, the method of time adjustment, and quality of the time adjustment. Population is indicated as population from the latest census, the latest official estimate, and mid-year estimate. Vital statistics data are given as registered births and birth rate, registered deaths and death rate, registered infant deaths and infant mortality rate, and estimated rates for births, deaths, and infant deaths. Data are reported by specific country and do not include regional totals.
Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. xv, 393 p.Up to 83 indicators are presented for each of 185 economies where data are available which describe characteristics of poverty and the effectiveness of interacting economic and social factors in achieving sustainable poverty reduction, information on the proportion of the population living below established poverty lines, estimates on income distribution, access to basic services such as health, education, and safe water, and shares of output dedicated to key social and infrastructure expenditures. Observations are made for 1065, 1975, and 1985-91, and include those made on the 15 economies of the former Soviet Union. Some economies do not, however, have country pages because too few data were available. Furthermore, disaggregated socioeconomic data are as yet unavailable for the former Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia; data are reported accordingly. A table on social and economic conditions facilitates a cross-country view of selected indicators and is presented prior to country pages in this annually produced publication Finally, readers are urged to read technical notes sat the end of the text before trying to draw conclusions on the data.
Report of the Asia-Pacific POPIN Expert Working Group on Population Information Networking, 16-20 October 1986, Beijing, China.
Bangkok, Thailand, [ESCAP], 1987. 54 p. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 83; ST/ESCAP/517; RAS/86/P14)An infrastructure for the collection, analysis, dissemination, and utilization of population data and information has been established in the Asia-Pacific Region to help national planners to formulate effective population policies and monitor family planning programs. At present, there are 13 national population information popin centers in the region. The Asia-Pacific POPIN Expert Working Group on Population Information Networking met in Beijing in October 1986 to consider areas where networking could strengthen national population information centers and services, to identify priority areas for action and development in the coming period, and to recommend modalities for the realization of specific networking activities. Conference participants noted that further emphasis on population information networking would increase the exchange of useful, multidisciplinary information among countries and lead to improvements in the structure and management of various population programs. In view of the important role that each of the subregional, regional, and global POPIN networks plays in information dissemination, it was recommended that the 2-way flow of population information from the national POPIN centers to the subregional networks to the regional and global networks and vice versa should be enhanced. Creation of an advisory committee to suggest ways and means to further institutionalize Asia-Pacific POPIN in terms of coordination, policy formation, and program planning was also recommended. Technical working groups focused on computerization and dissemination were suggested as well. Considering ESCAP's resource constraints, it was recommended that the developed countries and international donor agencies be approached to provide adequate funding support. Finally, each national POPIN center was urged to develop a standardized model for subnational networks suitable to the country's socioeconomic conditions.
[The Permanent Household Survey: provisional results, 1985] Enquete Permanente Aupres des Menages: resultats provisoires 1985
Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Ivory Coast. Ministere de l'Economie et des Finances. Direction de la Statistique, 1985. 76 p.This preliminary statistical report provides an overview of selected key economic and social indicators drawn from a data collection system recently implemented in the Ivory Coast. The Ivory Coast's Direction de la Statistique and the World Bank's Development Research Department are collaborating, under the auspices of the Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study, to interview 160 households per month on a continuous basis for 10 months out of the year. Data are collected concerning population size, age structure, sex distribution, family size, nationality, proportion of female heads of household, fertility, migration, health, education, type of residence, occupations, employment status, financial assistance among family members, and consumption. Annual statistical reports based on each round of the survey are to be published, along with brief semiannual updates.
Freetown, Sierra Leone, Ministry of Education, 1984. 93 p. (UNFPA/UNESCO Project SIL/76/POI)The National Programme in Social Studies in Sierra Leone has created this textbook in the social sciences, with an emphasis on population education, for 2ndary school students. Unit 1, "Man's Origin, Development and Characteristics," describes Darwin's theory of evolution and explains how overproduction causes problems of rapid population growth and poor quality of life. Special attention is given to the problem of high infant mortality in Sierra Leone. Unit 2, "Man's Environment," discusses the interrelationships and interdependence among elements in the ecosystem, the food pyramid, and the effects of man's activities and numbers on the ecosystem. Unit 3, "Man's Culture," focuses on the processes of socialization and the different agents of socialization: the family, the group, the school, and the community. Unit 4, "Population and Resources," discusses human and natural resources as well as conservation measures. It also discusses the population composition, its effect on resources, and the uses and significance of population data. Unit 5, "Communication in the Service of Man," covers land, water and air transport; the effects of transport developments in Sierra Leone; and implications for population of changes in transport activities. Unit 6, "Global Issues: Achievements and Problems," deals with the young population, characteristics of the adolescent, common social problems among young people, and the role of the family unit. National and international action is also discussed.
Freetown, Sierra Leone, Ministry of Education, 1984. 80 p. (UNFPA/UNESCO Project SIL/76/POI)The National Programme in Social Studies in Sierra Leone has created this text in social studies, with an emphasis on population education, for 2ndary school students. Unit 1, "Man's Origins, Development and Characteristics," covers traditional, religious and scientific explanations of man's origin; man's characteristics and the effects of these characteristics; and the beginnings of population growth and the characteristics of human population. In Unit 2, "Man's Environment," the word environment is defined and geographical concepts are introduced. Unit 3, "Man's Culture," defines institution and discusses family types, roles and cycles, as well as traditional ceremonies and cultural beliefs about family size. Unit 4, "Population and Resources," primarily deals with how the family meets its needs for food, shelter and clothing. It also covers the effects of population growth. Unit 5, "Communication in the Service of Man," discusses the means and growth of communication and collecting vital information about the population. The last unit defines global issues and discusses the interdependence of nations, issues affecting nations at the individual and world level, and the UN.
New York, New York, United Nations, 2001. 19 p. (Statistical Papers Series A Vol. LIII, No. 2; ST/ESA/STAT/SER.A/217)This issue of the "Population and Vital Statistics Report" presents 1999 and 2000 estimates of world and continental population, as well as corresponding 1999 estimates for 229 countries or areas of the world. It shows the results of the existing nationwide census of population (total, male, and female) for each country or area, and nationally representative statistics of live births, deaths, and infant deaths (deaths under 1 year of age) for the most recent year available. Countries or areas are arranged in alphabetical order within continents. The estimates, prepared by the Population Division of the UN Secretariat, are published in World Prospects 1998. The aggregates do not coincide exactly with the sum of the figures for individual countries or areas because they include adjustments for overenumeration and underenumeration, or overestimation and underestimation, and data for categories of population not regularly included in the official figures.