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In: World population policies. Volume III. Oman to Zimbabwe, compiled by United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. 22-5. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.2; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.2)Peru's 1985 population of 19,698,000 is projected to grow to 41,006,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 40.5% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.6% were over the age of 60. 25.2% and 11.5% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 26.0 to 11.8 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 58.6 to 72.0 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 10.7 to 6.4, while infant mortality will decline from 99.0 to 47.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 5.0 to 2.3, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 36.7 to 18.2. The 1986 contraceptive prevalence rate was 45.8, while the 1981 female mean age at 1st marriage was 22.7 years. Urban population will increase from 67.4% in 1985 to 84.0% overall by the year 2025. Immigration and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while population growth, mortality, fertility, and spatial distribution are not. Peru has an explicit population policy. The 1985 National Population and socioeconomic development, responsible parenthood, significant reductions in morbidity and mortality, and improved spatial distribution of the population. Greater efforts have been made since 1986 to reduce the fertility rate. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.