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Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 1952; 5:377-439.This report deals with some of the experiences of the World Health Organization Venereal Disease Demonstration Team assigned to the Government of India to establish a suitable system of control in both an urban and rural area and to give instruction in those methods of diagnosis and treatment which could best be adapted to local resources. The WHO Expert Committee on Venereal Diseases believed that the method of control developed in the United States of America could be applied usefully in many areas of the world, if suitably adapted to local conditions and requirements. The committee suggested that the team's activities should embrace both rural and urban populations. The importance of working in rural areas is particularly evident in India where, in 1941, 87% of the population was rural and a serious shortage of medical care prevailed. The expert committee believed that proved techniques could be adapted to provide venereal-disease care for this rural group within the budgetary and personnel limitations of the medical services of the country. (excerpt)
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2005 Apr. 40 p.The objective of this study is to present available empirical evidence obtained through household surveys in order to estimate the prevalence of child marriage and to identify and understand the factors associated with child marriage and cohabitation. The presentation of the empirical evidence and analysis is structured around the indicators presented previously. The term 'child marriage' will be used to refer to both formal marriages and informal unions in which a girl lives with a partner as if married before the age of 18. The report presents a global assessment of child marriage levels, differentials in child marriage rates according to socio-economic and demographic variables, characteristics of the union, and knowledge and access to sexual and reproductive health information and materials. Statistical associations between indicators can reveal potential linkages in programming to promote the delay of marriage and point to opportunities to integrate advocacy and behaviour-change campaigns toward the prevention of child marriage and a multivariate analysis allows for the illumination of the net effect of each variable. Anomalies to general trends are often highlighted in the text in order to direct programmers and researchers towards case examples that may require further study or circumstances that may provide models for eradication efforts. (excerpt)
Jimlar Mutane. 1976 Feb; 1(1):191-202.The Committee for International Coordination of National Research (CICRED), formed by the UN in 1971, commissioned a number of national monographs on "Past, Present and Future Trends of Population" for African countries. A report on the UN programs of demographic training in Africa pinpoints governments, universities, and the UN as sponsors and centers for demographic training and education. The UN's program, in cooperation with African governments, the Economic Commission for Africa, the Conference of African Statisticians, and the Conference of African Planners, established statistical training centers at middle, intermediate, and high levels of competence in demographic statistics. Demographic teaching in UN sponsored demographic units in African universities provides for teaching and research programs. The Cairo Demographic Center has carried out a number of research projects which have helped in understanding demographic trends in the area it serves. It has established a program for team research, selecting different demographic topics for different years, and awarding fellowships for trainees. The Regional Institute for Population Studies in Ghana, the Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques in the Republic of Cameroon, and the Cairo Demographic Center follow the same model with training in: substantive and technical demography; and ancillary subjects such as mathematics, statistics, sampling, survey and research methodology, sociology, economic development planning, genetics, and physiology of reproduction. The centers plan to provide field experiences to students by jointly sponsoring ad hoc demographic surveys in the host countries. Coordinators among different UN agencies meet annually to coordinate training activities. A survey of women from the Republic of Cameroon showed that women desire population growth; their ideal family size is 6; they desire family planning information; they want sex education taught in post primary institutions; they prefer polygamy; their ideal age of marriage is 18.
In: Symposium on Law and Population: Proceedings, Background Papers and Recommendations. N.Y., U.N.F.P.A., 1975, pp. 69-81Add to my documents.