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  1. 1
    305823

    World report, 2006. Events of 2005.

    Human Rights Watch

    New York, New York, Human Rights Watch, 2006. [543] p.

    Practice what I preach, not what I do is never terribly persuasive. Yet the U.S. government has been increasingly reduced to that argument in promoting human rights. Some U.S. allies, especially Britain, are moving in the same disturbing direction, while few other powers are stepping in to fill the breach. This hypocrisy factor is today a serious threat to the global defense of human rights. Major Western powers historically at the forefront of promoting human rights have never been wholly consistent in their efforts, but even their irregular commitment has been enormously important. Today, the willingness of some to flout basic human rights standards in the name of combating terrorism has deeply compromised the effectiveness of that commitment. The problem is aggravated by a continuing tendency to subordinate human rights to various economic and political interests. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    288720
    Peer Reviewed

    The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child -- and how to make it work.

    Hammarberg T

    Human Rights Quarterly. 1990 Feb; 12(1):97-105.

    When famine spreads, children die first. Diarrhoea is the worst killer in spite of available knowledge and means to control it. In poorer nations, some twelve million children die every year because they do not have vaccines or sufficient food. They are deprived of the most fundamental of all human rights-- the right to live. "It is our children who pay the heaviest price for our shortsighted economic policies, our political blunders, our wars." So said Eglantyne Jebb, the British pioneer for children's rights some seventy years ago when starting her campaign for better protection of the world's children. Her voice was heard. She was arrested for obscenity when she displayed pictures of starving children damaged by the war in other parts of Europe. But people rallied to her support and the Save the Children movement was formed. This new international movement drafted the Declaration of Geneva, adopted by the Assembly of the League of Nations in 1924. The first step had been taken towards international norms for the protection of children. The Declaration contained five principles which were general but to the point. One was that children should be the first to receive relief in emergencies. From then on, "children first" became a fundamental point in the struggle for the rights of the child. (excerpt)
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  3. 3
    278311

    Violence against women: a multi-dimensional phenomenon.

    Innovations: Innovative Approaches to Population Programme Management. 2001; 9:1-18.

    The phenomenon of violence against women (VAW) and even girls has permeated all layers of society for centuries, and, sadly, it still echoes true in the current century. The most commonly used definition from Article 1 of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993, describes violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” Both males and females experience violence in one form or another, but females constitute a higher percentage of victims of violence through the lifespan, from pre-birth up to old age. They are denied the chance to be born, to survive after birth and to live a healthy life free from the various kinds of violence. (excerpt)
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