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The Indonesia experience, statement made at the Special Convocation, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia, 14 February, 1981.
New York, N.Y., UNFPA, . 4 p. (Speech Series No. 62)This statement reviews some of Indonesia's achievements in the field of population and development. The family planning program has made considerable progress, which is reflected in the decline of the birth rate from 45/1000 in the latter 1/2 of the 1960s to 35/1000 in the 1980s. In 1976 less than 20% of married women in the reproductive ages were using contraception to limit their family size. This has now risen to over 30%. The establishment of BKKBN--the National Family Planning Co-ordinating Board has played a major role in enlisting community participation in both urban and rural areas, in establishing projects for community-based distribution of contraceptives, and in integrating local leadership support of the program. The UNFPA contributed US$15 million of assistance in 1972. In 1980, US$30 million was approved for 5 years to support the current program. This contribution is but a small portion of the self-reliant effort the Government is committing to national family planning.
Statement to the Population Commission, statement made at the Twenty-first Session of the United Nations Population Commission, United Nations, New York, 29 January 1981.
New York, N.Y., UNFPA, . 5 p. (Speech Series No. 61)This statement reviews some of the developments in the field of population programs and international assistance. UNFPA requires that population policies be considered as an integral part of the overall development policies. Much of the credit for the positive acceptance around the world of population as a vital and essential component in development planning and as an important area of international assistance belongs to the Population Commission and to the foundations it has laid for a United Nations program in this area during its 34 years of work.
Africa Link. 1979 Jul; 19-20.Dr. Fadlu-Deen told the participants of the Regional Exchange Programme of the International Union of Child Welfare held in Sierra Leone in 1978 that family planning services can not be offered in isolation; they must be integrated into development plans at the national level and into programs designed to provide general medical services and assistance relevant to the needs of the particular country or community. One can not naively go into villages where 50% of the children die before age 5 and expect the residents to accept contraceptives. Depending on the community's needs, one must develop a more comprehensive program designed to improve general family life. In Sierra Leone family planning is oriented toward improving the quality of family life and focuses on 1) helping couples space their children and determine their own family size; 2) providing maternal and child health and nutritional services; and 3) developing community self-help projects. Countries differ in their needs for family planning. Many countries, especially in Asia, are so crowded that it is imperative that their governments take strong actions to control family size. In many African countries, on the other hand, there are adequate supplies of land and resources, but the general conditions of life are poor. Family planning programs must, therefore, stress those aspects relevant to each country. In all countries, the development of a national program and policy is a vital impetus to the development of grass-roots efforts.