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UNFPA operations--report to the general assembly, statement made at the 33rd session of the United Nations General Assembly, New York, 6 Nov 1978.
New York, N.Y., UNFPA, . 13 p.In his report to the United Nations General Assembly concerning UNFPA operations, Mr. R. Salas cites the growth of UNFPA from a small US$3 million trust fund with 12 projects of limited scope, to a Fund of the General Assembly with cumulative resources of over US$500 million supporting over 1900 projects in 114 countries throughout the world. The Fund has been a pioneer within the U.N. development system in supporting programs directly aimed at increasing opportunities for greater women's participation in population and development at all levels--as policy makers, program planners and community workers. Due to the publication of a set of guidelines on women, population and development, requests for assistance in projects directly relating to women have grown. Mr. Salas describes the decline in fertility in various parts of the developing world. Birth rates have also declined in many developing countries, on the average of approximately 15%. Expectation of life at birth has been a feature showing impressive gains. Infant mortality, as well as overall death rates in developing countries, have fallen substantially in the recent past. On the negative side, the imbalance between growing human numbers and accessible resources remains. 85-90% of the 1.5 to 2 billion estimated increase in the world's population before the year 2000 is expected to occur in developing countries. Another population related concern is the growing problem of aging of the population caused by the decline of fertility and the prolongation of life expectancy. The need to integrate population factors in development planning is recognized today by almost all developing countries. In assisting governments which show an increasing desire to make their population policies more comprehensive, UNFPA seeks to encourage in-depth exploration of the interaction between population factors and development.
New York, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 1980. 10 p. (Speech Series No. 51.)The author invokes the media to report on relevant global issues such as population and development in a way that makes them interesting to the public. World fertility trends are discussed; it is pointed out that though fertility is slowly declining, population is still growing, especially in developing countries. Population growth and redistribution is seen as a source of social, political and economic tension. Changing fertility and mortality rates affect population characteristics such as age distribution, which in turn impinge on employment, education, housing and food supplies. Global expenditure on population research and programs is cited as 0.1% that of armament, which is seen as not really a problem-solving investment. The United Nations Fund for Population Activities is described as being nonprescriptive, and not promoting any particular population policy, but rather leaving policy up to the recipient government to decide. In conclusion the author emphasizes that it is the right of each couple to decide on the desired number and spacing of children and to have the information, education and means to do so.
People. 1979; 6(2):5-7.Since the World Population Conference, which adopted the World Population Plan of Action, 2 movements have developed: on the 1 hand, the desire to enlarge the scope of action with respect to population, and, on the other, the development of ideas and the intensification of efforts to bring about a deeper understanding of population problems in relation to development. Analysis of population policies in 158 countries, completed by the U.N. Population Division, which played a major part in the preparation of the Bucharest Conference, leads to certain clear conclusions. 1st, there is no longer any doubt that the countries of the Third World want to reduce their rate of growth. In contrast, in the developed countries, nearly all governments have expressed a desire to maintain their rate of growth, or to increase it. In 4/5 of all countries, both Third World and developed countries, governments consider that the rate of population growth is an important factor in relation to development, whether they consider their present rate too high or too low. However, only 3/5 of the developing countries and 2/5 of the industrialized countries have indicated a desire to modify their rate of demographic growth. Perhaps the most remarkable result of the analysis is the fact that a majority of the inhabitants of the Third World today live in countries whose governments consider that the present level of fertility is too high, and which have allowed their populations access to modern methods for the regulation of births, whether for direct or indirect objectives. What these countries now lack is less a willingness to act than the technological, financial, and administrative means to convert principles into concrete programs.
Liege, International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 1974. 26 p. (Lecture Series on Population, Bucharest 1974)Add to my documents.
Genus. 1976; 32(1-2):45-70.Add to my documents.
The family and fertility control: a discussion of some central issues in the Symposium on Population and the Family.
In: The Population Debate: Dimensions and Perspectives, Vol. II. N.Y., U.N., 1975, pp. 343-346. (Population Studies, No. 57)Add to my documents.