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the Manila (Philippines) Paper. 1983 Aug 29-Sep 4; 1 p.In this speech delivered during the conferment of an honorary degree by the University of the Philippines, Mr. Salas addresses the present problems and challenges facing the country and posing a threat to his young audience. He urges that the nation would be served best by trained, capable, inquiring and free individuals. The longer the problems remain unsolved, the longer and more difficult it will be to find constructive and workable solutions. An even more pronounced concern results from viewing the population in all its facets as so intimately related to all aspirations for development. Whether or not ready, the Philippines must respond to the issue since the future is in their hands. Although they can learn from other nations, their own solution is required. In the 14 years of Salas' association with the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, needs for developing countries have been responded to and projects presently operate in all of them. A better understanding of the problem has been reached and the conceptualization of it as a field that includes data collection, family planning, population dynamics, education, communication, policies and projects has resulted. It is a combination of demography, health, biological, environmental and social sciences and management. Despite popular opinion, population study is not limited to fertility control or family planning. Since the 1974 World Population Conference in Bucharest, population has been viewed in the context of development, considering cultural heritage. Salas briefly goes on to examine population growth since the early 20th century, citing a projection of 70 million in the year 2000. Can the Philippines sustain a population of this size and ensure an adequte standard of living? This is a question for future discussion in another article.