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  1. 1
    303746

    Guidelines for organizing national external quality assessment schemes for HIV serological testing.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]; World Health Organization [WHO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 1996 Jan. 35 p. (UNAIDS/96.5)

    These guidelines are destined for policy makers and programme planners wishing to introduce national external quality assessment schemes (NEQAS) for serological testing for human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV). They describe some important basic principles and the main practical aspects of NEQAS. The objectives of external quality assessment schemes are briefly discussed below and elsewhere (References 1 and 2 in bibliography, Annex 2). It is now widely accepted that quality assurance, quality control and quality assessment constitute an essential part of HIV testing and of diagnostic testing in general. Quality assessment is one component of a total quality assurance programme. The availability of excellent HIV tests does not automatically guarantee reliable laboratory results. Many steps are involved between the moment when a specimen enters the laboratory and the moment when the result of the test is reported to the physician, and at each step something can go wrong. Therefore each government should ensure that sufficient support is made available for a National Reference Laboratory to provide a suitable programme to monitor and if necessary improve the quality of HIV testing in the country. A well-functioning national programme is an important step towards achieving high-quality laboratory performance nationwide. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    288907

    Tools to determine quality of antiretrovirals. [Herramientas para determinar la calidad de los medicamentos antirretrovirales]

    Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]

    Washington, D.C., PAHO, [2002]. [1] p.

    The quality of pharmaceutical products in the Americas is normally ensured through the application of a regulatory and normative framework at the country level that assesses medicines used by the population in terms of quality, safety and efficacy. The application of Good Manufacturing Practices by the producers of pharmaceutical products, combined with the regulatory systems put in place by public health authorities establishes an effective framework in which product quality can be guaranteed. HIV/AIDS Antiretroviral medicines exist within the Latin American and Caribbean markets however as multisource (originator and generic) pharmaceutical products for which there are limited publicly available quality assurance standards, analytical methods and reference standards. Before countries move to procure ARV, a process must be initiated at the country to determine the acceptable quality reference and criteria. (excerpt)
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  3. 3
    281982

    HIV / AIDS medicines and related supplies: contemporary context and procurement. Technical guide.

    Tayler Y; Abbott F; Perez Casas C; Fink C; Green C

    Washington, D.C., World Bank, 2004 Feb. 103 p.

    This Guide sets out principles and advice for the procurement of HIV/AIDS medicines and related supplies for programs scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated health services, such as basic and palliative care, disease prevention, treatment of opportunistic infections, and laboratory tests. ART includes the treatment of infected adults and children and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission. A wide range of other commodities— particularly condoms and support for basic living and care—are also essential to support the treatment and prevention of HIV. The primary audience for this guide is World Bank staff and those responsible for procuring HIV/AIDS medicines and related supplies in Bank-funded programs and projects. That could include either procurement agency staff or technical agency staff. Policymakers and Bank partners will also benefit from the information and advice in the guide. (excerpt)
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