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Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2004. Prepared for the 4th Meeting of the UNAIDS Global Reference Group on HIV / AIDS and Human Rights, August 23-25, 2004. 7 p.This paper explores issues and approaches relevant to the assessment of the application of a rights based approach to the planning and implementation of HIV/AIDS strategies. It builds on the premise that the Reference Group may wish to recommend to UNAIDS a set of practical steps towards integrating human rights in HIV/AIDS policies and programs and monitoring the compliance of HIV/AIDS policies and programs with international human rights principles and guidelines, in particular those that have been explicitly promoted by UNAIDS in its publications and other work. Some suggested key issues are highlighted and, HIV testing strategies will be used as an example to the extent necessary to clarify concepts. (excerpt)
AIDS Treatment News. 2003 Nov 28; (396): p..Three million people died of AIDS this year compared with 2.7 million last year, and five million were newly infected -- both more than ever before, according AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2003, compiled and published by UNAIDS, the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS. Forty million people are now living with HIV, up slightly from last year. There is good news from a number of individual countries, as well as increased commitment from many governments, and increased total resources worldwide devoted to the epidemic. Some prevention programs have worked well. But many countries are at a critical stage where they could abort a major epidemic if they act now. Unfortunately some of their governments are still not serious about AIDS. (excerpt)
Immunization of children at risk of infection with human immunodeficiency virus. [Immunisation des enfants courant le risque d'infection par le virus d'immunodéficience humain]
Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2003; 81(1):61-70.This paper reviews the English language literature on the safety, immunogenicity and effectiveness in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of vaccines currently recommended by WHO for use in national immunization programmes. Immunization is generally safe and beneficial for children infected with HIV, although HIV-induced immune suppression reduces the benefit compared with that obtained in HIV-uninfected children. However, serious complications can occur following immunization of severely immunocompromised children with bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine. The risk of serious complications attributable to yellow fever vaccine in HIV-infected persons has not been determined. WHO guidelines for immunizing children with HIV infection and infants born to HIV-infected women differ only slightly from the general guidelines. BCG and yellow fever vaccines should be withheld from symptomatic HIV-infected children. Only one serious complication (fatal pneumonia) has been attributed to measles vaccine administered to a severely immunocompromised adult. Although two HIV-infected infants have developed vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis, several million infected children have been vaccinated and the evidence does not suggest that there is an increased risk. The benefits of measles and poliovirus vaccines far outweigh the potential risks in HIV-infected children. The policy of administering routine vaccines to all children, regardless of possible HIV exposure, has been very effective in obtaining high immunization coverage and control of preventable diseases. Any changes in this policy would have to be carefully examined for a potential negative impact on disease control programmes in many countries. (author's)
Comfort and hope. Six case studies on mobilizing family and community care for and by people with HIV / AIDS.
Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 1999 Jun. 94 p. (UNAIDS Best Practice Collection; UNAIDS/99.10E)This booklet presents six case studies on mobilizing family and community care for and by people with HIV/AIDS. The case studies included in this collection stem from the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) presentation entitled, “Home and Community Care: It Works!," which documents the experiences and lessons learned by community-level projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. These six case studies include: 1) Project Hope--Projeto Esperanca de Sao Miguel Paulista, Brazil; 2) The Diocese of Kitui HIV/AIDS Programme, Kenya; 3) The Drug User Program, Ikhlas Community Centre, Pink Triangle, Malaysia; 4) The Tateni Home Care Services, South Africa; 5) Sanpatong Home-based Care Project, Thailand; and 6) The Chirumhanzu Home-based Care Project, Zimbabwe. It is noted that all these projects were chosen because they reflected most or all of what UNAIDS considers key elements of home and community care, as well as most of UNAIDS’ Best Practice criteria.