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  1. 1
    192050

    Summary booklet of best practices in Africa.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]; International Partnership against AIDS in Africa

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2000 Sep. 111 p. (UNAIDS Best Practice Collection; Summary Booklet of Best Practices Series No. 2; UNAIDS/00.34E)

    AIDS is now the leading killer in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas 200,000 people died as a result of conflict or war in Africa in 1998, AIDS killed 2.2 million. The progression of the disease has outpaced all projections. In 1991, WHO projected that in 1999 there would be 9 million infected individuals and nearly 5 million cumulative deaths in Africa. The reality in 2000 is two to three times higher, with 34.3 million infected individuals and 18.8 cumulative deaths. Nearly 70 per cent of the world’s HIV infection and 90 per cent of deaths from AIDS are to be found in a region that is home to just 10 per cent of the world’s population. In the sub-Saharan region, infection levels are highest, access to care is lowest, and social and economic safety nets that might help families cope with the impact of the epidemic are badly frayed. Resources are not keeping pace with the challenge. Incidence of the disease is increasing three times faster than the money to control it. Current national AIDS activities in Africa must be expanded dramatically to make an impact on the epidemic. African leaders are demonstrating unprecedented leadership in fighting HIV/AIDS; the time is ripe for an extraordinary effort. The International Partnership against AIDS in Africa (IPAA) is such a mobilization. At the same time, the Best Practice process – accumulating and applying knowledge about what is working and not working in different situations and contexts – is crucial within the framework of the Partnership. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    195921

    An ILO code of practice on HIV / AIDS and the world of work.

    International Labour Office [ILO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, ILO, 2001. vi, 32 p.

    The objective of this code is to provide a set of guidelines to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world of work and within the framework of the promotion of decent work. The guidelines cover the following key areas of action: (a) prevention of HIV/AIDS; (b) management and mitigation of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the world of work; (c) care and support of workers infected and affected by HIV/AIDS; (d) elimination of stigma and discrimination on the basis of real or perceived HIV status. This code should be used to: (a) develop concrete responses at enterprise, community, regional, sectoral, national and international levels; (b) promote processes of dialogue, consultations, negotiations and all forms of cooperation between governments, employers and workers and their representatives, occupational health personnel, specialists in HIV/AIDS issues, and all relevant stakeholders (which may include community-based and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)); (c) give effect to its contents in consultation with the social partners: in national laws, policies and programmes of action; in workplace/enterprise agreements; and in workplace policies and plans of action. (excerpt)
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