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  1. 1
    296581

    Respect for AIDS victims rights, wars against polio, smoking asked - World Health Assembly - includes related article.

    UN Chronicle. 1988 Sep; 25(3):[3] p..

    Respect for the human rights of victims of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and campaigns against polio and smoking have been called for by the 41st World Health Assembly. The 166-member body which guides the work of the World Health Organization (WHO), also urged that "unprecedented measures" be taken to help the least developed countries improve the health of their people. Governments were also called on to increase their primary health care efforts in order to attain the WHO goal of "Health for All by the Year 2000" so that all the peoples of the world could lead socially and economically productive lives. At a solemn ceremony on 4 May to celebrate the 40th anniversary of WHO, outgoing Director-General Dr Halfdan Mahler said the organization had made "a unique contribution to the restoration of social justice in health matters by demonstrating how health can be achieved by all and not just by the privileged few". (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    175057
    Peer Reviewed

    Immunization of children at risk of infection with human immunodeficiency virus. [Immunisation des enfants courant le risque d'infection par le virus d'immunodéficience humain]

    Moss WJ; Clements CJ; Halsey NA

    Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2003; 81(1):61-70.

    This paper reviews the English language literature on the safety, immunogenicity and effectiveness in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of vaccines currently recommended by WHO for use in national immunization programmes. Immunization is generally safe and beneficial for children infected with HIV, although HIV-induced immune suppression reduces the benefit compared with that obtained in HIV-uninfected children. However, serious complications can occur following immunization of severely immunocompromised children with bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine. The risk of serious complications attributable to yellow fever vaccine in HIV-infected persons has not been determined. WHO guidelines for immunizing children with HIV infection and infants born to HIV-infected women differ only slightly from the general guidelines. BCG and yellow fever vaccines should be withheld from symptomatic HIV-infected children. Only one serious complication (fatal pneumonia) has been attributed to measles vaccine administered to a severely immunocompromised adult. Although two HIV-infected infants have developed vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis, several million infected children have been vaccinated and the evidence does not suggest that there is an increased risk. The benefits of measles and poliovirus vaccines far outweigh the potential risks in HIV-infected children. The policy of administering routine vaccines to all children, regardless of possible HIV exposure, has been very effective in obtaining high immunization coverage and control of preventable diseases. Any changes in this policy would have to be carefully examined for a potential negative impact on disease control programmes in many countries. (author's)
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