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Revista de Saude Publica / Journal of Public Health. 2006 Apr; 40 Suppl:80-87.The paper critically analyzes, from the gender standpoint, official results presented in the Brazilian government report to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS (UNAIDS). Specifically, the fulfillment of 2003 targets set forth in the United Nations Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, under the category of Human Rights and Reduction of the Economic and Social Impact of AIDS, are evaluated. Key concepts are highlighted, including indicators and strategies that may help civilian society better monitor these targets until 2010. (author's)
Nairobi, Kenya, Ministry of Health, 2004 Jun.  p. (IUCD Method Briefs Update)The World Health Organization (WHO) recently revised the guidelines for IUCD use as part of an update of its Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (MEC). These revisions will improve quality of care and reduce medical barriers for women who are considering an IUCD as a contraceptive method. Based on the latest clinical and epidemiological research, the revisions are particularly significant for women at risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and women living with HIV or AIDS. Research has shown that while some conditions restrict IUCD initiation, they do not necessarily affect the safety of continued use. Under the new guidelines, for example, a client who has gonorrhea or chlamydial infection is considered a Category 4 for IUCD initiation and should be advised to choose another method. However, if an IUCD user develops an STI, she can be treated with antibiotics without the IUCD being removed (Category 2). In addition, the client should be counseled about partner notification and treatment, and condom use. (excerpt)
HIV-infected women and their families: psychosocial support and related issues. A literature review.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], Department of Reproductive Health and Research, 2003. vi, 57 p. (Occasional Paper; WHO/RHR/03.07; WHO/HIV/2003.07)This review is divided into three sections. Section one provides a synthesis of the reviewed literature on prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, voluntary HIV testing and counselling (VCT), and other issues that impact on the care, psychosocial support and counselling needs of HIV-infected women and their families in the perinatal period. Section two provides examples from around the world of projects that focus on the care and support of women and families, with a focus on MTCT. The fi nal section contains recommendations on psychosocial support and counselling for HIV-infected women and families. (excerpt)
Where there's a will there's a way. Nursing and midwifery champions in HIV / AIDS care in Southern Africa.
Geneva, Switzerland, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS], 2003. 65 p. (Best Practice Collection; UNAIDS/03.19E)The report describes some of the many ‘champions’ of the profession—individuals who, with singular commitment and resourcefulness, are delivering good-quality care to people with HIV/AIDS, or who are otherwise helping families and communities to understand the epidemic, to come to terms with their own fears and prejudices, and to protect themselves from infection. However, this is not some kind of league of heroines and heroes of the epidemic. The champions featured here are just a few of the ordinary nurses and midwives who are simply doing their job well, under difficult circumstances. There are, without doubt, very many more of them. In describing the work of a few, the intention is to pay tribute to all who are doing a caring, committed job in the face of great odds, and to share as widely as possible the valuable lessons they have learned from experience. The report was commissioned by the SADC AIDS Network of Nurses and Midwives (SANNAM) in collaboration with UNAIDS. It involved original investigation in the field by a consultant who, over the course of one month, visited five countries in Southern Africa—namely, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia—to link up with the national nursing associations and speak to a wide range of people. In addition to nurses and midwives, these included some of the people they work with in communities, such as volunteer caregivers, members of youth groups, and PLWHA and their families, as well as people working within ministries of health, and relevant United Nations agencies and nongovernmental organiza-tions. Besides being aimed at nurses and midwives themselves, the report is addressed at all those with an interest in improving the quality of care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), especially those responsible for training, managing and supervising nursing and midwifery staff, and policy-makers within the health services. (excerpt)