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  1. 1

    Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994.

    International Conference on Population and Development [ICPD] (1994: Cairo)

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 1996. viii, 166 p.

    This document is a pocket edition of the Programme of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. Part 1 of the booklet contains the text of the Programme of Action. Chapter 1 contains the Preamble, and chapter 2 describes the principles upon which the Programme of Action is based. For each of the major headings in the remaining 14 chapters, the basis of action, objectives, and specific actions are presented. Chapter 3 covers the interrelationships between population, sustained economic growth, and sustainable development. Chapter 4 deals with gender equality, equity, and the empowerment of women. The fifth chapter looks at the roles, rights, composition, and structure of the family, and chapter 6 is concerned with population growth and structure. Chapter 7 discusses issues related to reproductive rights and reproductive health, while chapter 8 concentrates on health, morbidity, and mortality. The ninth chapter is devoted to population distribution, urbanization, and internal migration, and chapter 10 focuses on international migration. The relationship of population, development, and education is considered in chapter 11, and research issues are included in chapter 12. Chapters 13-15 relay what is needed in the areas of national action, international cooperation, and partnerships with the nongovernmental sector, respectively, and the final chapter reviews the necessary national, regional, and international follow-up activities. Part 2 of the booklet reproduces the oral and written statements and reservations about the Programme of Action submitted by various countries.
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  2. 2

    The EU and ICPD. Slow on the uptake.

    POPULI. 1996 Mar; 23(1):9-10.

    Members of the European Commission on Women are concerned that the European Union (EU) is failing to play an adequate role in financing the implementation of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development's (ICPD) Program of Action. It was observed in a Commission report quoted in the World Population Foundation NGO Newsletter that two years after the ICPD, progress has been very disappointing, both globally and in terms of the efforts made to realize accepted goals. The commission is drafting a resolution calling for more joint financing of population and development programs and for nongovernmental organizations (NGO) to be given more direct access to EU initiatives and funding. The resolution will be voted upon in the commission and tentatively in June in the European Parliament. Adoption of the resolution by the European Parliament will affirm the following beliefs: that population policies must be an integral part of economic, social, and cultural development, with their main objective being to improve the quality of life for everyone and to preserve it for future generations; that freedom of choice regarding reproduction is a fundamental human right; and that women's access to health services, reproductive health, and family planning remains inadequate.
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