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In: Salas Forum papers on population, development and environment, edited by Renato S. Velasco, Alexander R. Magno. Quezon City, Philippines, Rafael M. Salas Foundation, 1996. viii-xv.The seven topics that are outlined in the book Salas Forum Papers on Population Development and Environment are discussed. The book also profiles the late Mr. Rafael Salas as the Founding Executive Director of the Rafael M. Salas Foundation, a nongovernmental organization based in the Philippines and funded by the UN Population Fund. Mr. Salas was a man profoundly committed to uplifting the Filipino people from poverty. He embraced the ethos that the first responsibility of the political leader is to secure his people's destiny from the vagaries of constant change and the dire consequences of inappropriate policy action. In present days, this ethos is understood as sustainable development and calls for a moderation of the present needs so that people do not diminish the ability of future generations to meet their needs too. He also correlated population dynamics to achieving sustainable development, which is evident in the discussions during the seven sessions of the Salas Forum compiled in this book. The topics included 1) a presentation entitled, Population, Resources and the Philippine Future ; 2) discussion of the six policy papers on population and development dialogue; 3) demographic trends in the Philippines; 4) dynamics between population management, sustainable development and organized religion; 5) the national security aspect of population planning; 6) the gender aspect of social transformation; and 7) debates on population and environment.
In: Salas Forum papers on population, development and environment, edited by Renato S. Velasco, Alexander R. Magno. Quezon City, Philippines, Rafael M. Salas Foundation, 1996. vi-vii.The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) in the Philippines, led by Rafael Salas, has changed from a fledgling agency into one of the most dynamic and financially stable UN agencies. The vision and principles he laid during the inception of UNFPA has been and will remain valid for years to come. These include the respect for national sovereignty and for individual human rights, organizational flexibility, innovation and expediency. Following the death of Mr. Salas, the Rafael M. Salas Foundation was established in the Philippines, supported by the UNFPA. One of its programs is the annual Salas Forum, which serves as a fruitful arena where the multi-faceted concerns of development may be examined dispassionately and intelligently. As a nongovernmental endeavor, it opens an important channel where sober debate is conducted between and among the relevant actors in the formulation of population and development policies. The papers presented to the Forum and the deliberation helps to clarify problems and possible solutions to the often ambiguous and complex process of development.
ROSHNI. 1996 Jan-Jun; 1-3.This article summarizes the recommendations of the All India Women's Conference and the UN Information Center's Regional Seminar on Human Settlement which was held in 1996. The conference was attended by about 100 persons and 20 speakers. The main topics were megacities and infrastructure deficits; governance, poverty, and employment; and the role of women and nongovernmental organizations in human settlements. The article identifies 24 recommendations on community participation by women: the availability of drinking water and sanitation, access to schools and health care, provision of sanitary facilities, training programs for women in basic health care and hygiene, toilet facilities in slums and rural areas, housing provision for the poor, income generation programs for women, shelter to the homeless, available housing, equity in political representation and elections, sustainable development, rural development, resettlement of slum dwellers, improvements in quality of life, female ownership of housing, networking, and integrated approaches to the concept of habitat, among others. This regional conference followed up the Global Habitat II Conference. Provision of housing and shelters to millions worldwide will require creative programs, adequate financial support, and dedication to the ideals of Habitat II.
[Bangkok, Thailand], ESCAP, 1996. v, 209 p. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 141; ST\ESCAP\1688)This report addresses aging in Asia. The current population of Asia numbers over 300 million people over the age of 60 years. China has over 114 million elderly and Japan has 25.1 million, the largest proportion of total population. The first chapter provides a demographic analysis of aging in Asia. Aging is a result of fertility decline and increased life expectancy. These changes affect the structure and relations of families. Family structure is also changing due to changes in socioeconomic conditions and changes in acceptance of alternative family patterns. Most of the world's elderly will live in developing countries. The pace of aging will be faster than in Europe and North America. Chapter 2 analyzes the quality of life of the elderly in Asia and the impact of technology, modernization, and cultural and traditional values. Chapter 3 focuses on the issues of education, training, and employment of the elderly and official policies that should integrate elderly people into the mainstream economy. The elderly could play a much stronger role in volunteerism. There is a need for policies that would reinforce the continuation of values which support family responsibility for the care of the elderly. Chapter 4 discusses present and future patterns of care for the elderly. Country differences in types of caregivers depend upon the extent of informal systems, the size of the problem of care, public perception of the role of the state, the welfare ideology of government decision makers, the weight of the voting elderly electorate, the strength of the economy, the market for private care agencies and other groups, and international trends in care. Chapter 5 discusses the priority of aging issues in national agendas, chapter 6 focuses on elderly women, chapter 7 describes nongovernmental programs for the elderly, and chapter 8 discusses the future prospects for dealing with the rapid growth of the elderly population in Asia.
Renewed commitment. Reaffirmed collaboration. UNFPA and JOICFP strengthen and expand collaboration in field of population and reproductive health / family planning.
JOICFP NEWS. 1996 Nov; (269):1.This news brief discusses the renewed and stronger commitment between the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and JOICFP to collaborate on population and reproductive health issues. A memorandum of understanding was signed on September 10, 1996, the third memorandum since the initial one in 1981. JOICFP will be expanding its responsibilities. In Japan, JOICFP will be working with the government to support the Global Issues Initiative on Population and AIDS, the WID Initiative, and efforts to form better partnerships between nongovernmental groups and the government. The memorandum affirmed for the first time the efforts of JOICFP to facilitate liaison between the government of Japan and the UNFPA on such matters as multilateral funding. The parties agreed to facilitate and recruit technical advisory services in Japan for UNFPA-supported activities, to assist in securing equipment purchased in Japan, and to provide advice on placement of fellowships. The new agreement emphasizes the new mandates set forth in the 1994 ICPD Plan of Action. In meetings between IPPF, UNFPA, and JOICFP in New York, talk focused on effective implementation of the joint effort during 1996-99 and the relevance of JOICFP's approach to the implementation of the ICPD Plan of Action. JOICFP over the past 20 years used a field strategy that relied on community participation and satisfaction of individual needs, particularly women's needs. UNFPA, JOICFP, and IPPF also met in New York on September 4, 1996, to discuss the strengths and weaknesses, lessons learned, and recommendations for future planning in the tripartite collaboration in Africa. Evaluations were conducted in Gambia, Ghana, Tanzania, and Zambia. JOICFP agreed to finalize and submit the final report and recommendations for 1997-99. It was agreed that integrated programs were essential and that community mobilization was necessary for the success of reproductive health promotion in Africa.
FPAN NEWSLETTER. 1996 May-Jun; 16(3):3-4.The Baudha Buhunipati Family Welfare Project, started in 1973 with support from the International Planned Parenthood Federation, seeks to strengthen the capacity of marginalized communities to meet their needs through sustainable development interventions. Initially, the project's purpose was to distribute oral contraceptives to female villagers and condoms to males; however, to increase the potential for community participation and improve overall socioeconomic status, agricultural activities were added. One such activity, fodder and livestock, has been turned over to a local nongovernmental organization: Samaj Sewa Samuha (SSS). This group has also constructed 19 drinking water taps, providing 6000 villagers with access to safe drinking water. In addition, SSS has established community banking funds in 21 communities, conducted literacy classes for women's groups, and set up a self-sustaining health clinic in Mahadevsthan.