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The level of Internet access and ICT training for health information professionals in sub-Saharan Africa.
Health Information and Libraries Journal. 2008 Sep; 25(3):175-85.BACKGROUND: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are important tools for development. Despite its significant growth on a global scale, Internet access is limited in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Few studies have explored Internet access, use of electronic resources and ICT training among health information professionals in Africa. OBJECTIVE: The study assessed Internet access, use of electronic resources and ICT training among health information professionals in SSA. METHODS: A 26-item self-administered questionnaire in English and French was used for data collection. The questionnaire was completed by health information professionals from five Listservs and delegates at the 10th biannual Congress of the Association of Health Information and Libraries in Africa (AHILA). RESULTS: A total of 121 respondents participated in the study and, of those, 68% lived in their countries' capital. The majority (85.1%) had Internet access at work and 40.8% used cybercafes as alternative access points. Slightly less than two-thirds (61.2%) first learned to use ICT through self-teaching, whilst 70.2% had not received any formal training in the previous year. Eighty-eight per cent of respondents required further ICT training. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: In SSA, freely available digital information resources are underutilized by health information professionals. ICT training is recommended to optimize use of digital resources. To harness these resources, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations must play a key role.
Primary health care in complex humanitarian emergencies: Rwanda and Kosovo experiences and their implications for public health training. [Soins de santé primaire dans le cadre d'urgences humanitaires complexes : les expériences du Rwanda et du Kosovo, et leurs implications dans le domaine de la formation en santé publique]
Croatian Medical Journal. 2002; 43(2):148-155.In a complex humanitarian emergency, a catastrophic breakdown of political, economic, and social systems, often accompanied by violence, contributes to a long-lasting dependency of the affected communities on external service. Relief systems, such as the Emergency Response Units of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, have served as a sound foundation for fieldwork in humanitarian emergencies. The experience in emergencies gained in Rwanda in 1994 and Kosovo in 1999 clearly points to the need for individual adjustments of therapeutic standards to preexisting morbidity and health care levels within the affected population. In complex emergencies, public health activities have been shown to promote peace, prevent violence, and reconcile enemies. A truly democratic and multiprofessional approach in all public health training for domestic or foreign service serves as good pattern for fieldwork. Beyond the technical and scientific skills required in the profession, political, ethical, and communicative competencies are critical in humanitarian assistance. Because of the manifold imperatives of further public health education for emergency assistance, a humanitarian assistance competence training center should be established. Competence training centers focus on the core competencies required to meet future needs, are client-oriented, connect regional and international networks, rely on their own system of quality control, and maintain a cooperative management of knowledge. Public health focusing on complex humanitarian emergencies will have to act in prevention not only of diseases and impairments but also of political tension and hatred. (author's)
Guide to sources of international population assistance 1991, sixth edition: multilateral agencies; regional agencies; bilateral agencies; non-governmental organizations; university centres; research institutions; training organizations.
New York, New York, UNFPA, 1991. xvii, 386 p. (United Nations Population Fund Population Programmes and Projects Vol. 1)This guide, in its sixth edition since 1976, reflects a broad view of the definition of international population assistance. Therefore, included are many organizations and agencies that offer services rather than direct funding and that offer services only if funding is available. Listings are also included of demographic and research training institutions if they are concerned with developing countries and not limited to their own countries. The guide is divided into four sections: 1) multilateral organizations and agencies; 2) regional organizations and agencies; 3) bilateral agencies; and 4) nongovernmental organizations, universities, research institutions, and training organizations. The entries include such information as a general description of each agency, selected program areas, areas in which assistance is provided, support activities available, restrictions, channels of assistance, how to apply for assistance, monitoring and evaluation, reporting requirements, and addresses.