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Finnish Official Development Aid for sexual and reproductive health and rights in sub-Saharan Africa.
Finnish Yearbook of Population Research. 2010; 45:143-170.Finland is one of the donor countries that is most supportive in family planning (FP), Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and gender issues. This study examines Finnish ODA for FP and SRHR: its decision-making structure, other stakeholders and funding levels. Data consists of documents from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) and interviews conducted at the MFA and with other experts. While Parliament decides on the overall level of ODA funding, the Minister for Foreign Trade and Development has considerable autonomy. Other stakeholders such as the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Population and Development and the Family Federation of Finland (Väestoliitto) engage in advocacy work and have influenced development policy. Although the Development Policy 2007 mentions the importance of health and SRHR issues and HIV/AIDS is a cross-cutting issue, interviewees stated that the importance of health and SRHR in ODA has declined and that the implementation of cross-cutting issues is challenging. Multilateral funding for UNFPA, UNAIDS and GFATM, and thus the proportion of SRHR funding within the health sector, is however currently rising. Funding for population-related activities has increased and represented 4.8% of Finland's total ODA in 2009. Almost all of this funding is directed towards basic reproductive health and HIV/AIDS issues and the majority is directed through multilateral channels (78% in 2009), mainly UNFPA and UNAIDS. IPPF, Ipas and Marie Stopes International also receive support.
Partnership with civil society. A review of progress since the International Conference on Population and Development.
[Unpublished] 1999. Prepared for the NGO Forum on ICPD Plus 5, The Hague, Netherlands, February 6-7, 1999  i.A technical report reviews the progress made by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) in partnership with civil society, including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), in achieving the objectives of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Program of Action. The analysis is based on an examination of several documents and reports of consultations, technical meetings and round tables in 1997-98 in various thematic areas in the context of the ICPD+5 review. Chapter II charts the progress of UNFPA support for and collaboration with civil society/NGOs at international, regional and national levels since the ICPD. Chapter III examines the report of the Dhaka Round Table, the Inquiry responses, and other ICPD+5 review reports. Chapter IV presents the actions proposed by civil society and NGOs. Chapter V presents conclusions and includes suggestions for mechanisms that would enhance and sustain collaboration, cooperation, coordination, and partnership among international organizations. Furthermore, the lessons from success stories of women's empowerment in implementing the Program of Action need to be transferred to other countries.