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  1. 1

    Cooperation between the World Bank and NGOs: FY 1994 progress report.

    World Bank. Operations Policy Department. Operations Policy Group

    [Unpublished] 1995 Feb. [6], 44 p.

    This report describes the progress made during 1994, in World Bank and nongovernmental organization (NGO) cooperative efforts in operational collaboration, economic and sector work (ESW), and policy dialogue. About 50% of the 229 executive director approved projects included NGO involvement. In prior years, the NGO share averaged 30%. In recent years, almost 50% of NGO projects were in Africa, but in 1994, Africa's share was only 33%. Latin American and Caribbean shares doubled to 22%. East Asian shares increased from 12% to 19%. Shares increased in Europe and Central Asia. Most donor support was for agriculture and rural development. In 1994, 70% of NGOs were indigenous NGOs. 40% were grassroots organizations. Support went primarily toward implementation, followed by design functions. Bank support is indirect and channeled to NGOs that have demand driven subprojects proposed by public, private, or voluntary groups. The Bank increases its working relationships with NGOS through ESW, which helps the Bank plan more comprehensive strategies for their support. The Bank has undertaken Participatory Poverty Assessments in some countries with NGO involvement. Policy dialogue tends to focus on social and environmental issues in development and community participation. NGOs have gained greater access to information on World Bank operations. A panel was established to receive complaints about material harm caused by Bank-financed projects. The World Bank-NGO Committee met to discuss progress in participatory development, structural adjustment, and the Bank Resettlement Review.
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  2. 2

    Thousands gather in Beijing for fourth women's conference.

    UN CHRONICLE. 1995 Sep; 32(3):66-7.

    The Fourth World Conference on Women, to be held in Beijing in September 1995, is expected to issue a Platform for Action to advance the status of women, identify priority actions to be taken by the international community, and mobilize those at both the policy making and grass-roots levels to implement these goals. The draft Platform for Action addresses the following critical areas: poverty, women's education, reproductive health and sexuality, violence and armed conflict, economic disparity, power-sharing, institutions, human rights, mass media, environmental degradation, and female children. Parallel to the UN conference, a Nongovernmental Forum on Women will meet, with an emphasis on the concept of sustainable human development.
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  3. 3

    1994: the year of population.

    ZPG REPORTER. 1995 Jul-Aug; 27(4):3.

    The achievements made in 1994 signal renewed interest in addressing population pressures and safeguarding a sustainable future. World leaders and citizens both realized in 1994 that explosive population growth and wasteful consumption hinder efforts to address economic, environmental, and social concerns. Participants at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development therefore produced a program of action which sets population policy for the coming decades. Delegates from widely different cultures, perspectives, and values agreed upon the 20-year blueprint for action to stabilize global human population at 7.8 billion by the year 2050 and improve the condition for people around the world. The program addresses population growth, poverty, environmental degradation, the low status of women, and the wasteful use of resources, stressing that all of the issues need to be addressed in order to reduce population pressures and ensure a high quality of life for future generations. Consensus on the document marked an historic turning point in international collaboration. ZPG, through its US Network for Cairo, helped ensure that the US took a leadership role in the international conference.
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  4. 4

    Arab women: demanding access.

    POPULI. 1995 Jan; 22(12):5-7.

    The Arab Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2005, which will be presented at the September 1995 Beijing Conference, was agreed on by delegates in Amman, Jordan, at the Arab Regional Preparatory Meeting for the Fourth World Conference on Women. The Plan is considered a breakthrough for Arab women's nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), which lobbied for the inclusion of 3 chapters concerned with the environment, violence against women, and communications and media. Priority concerns of Arab women, which are addressed in the Plan, include 1) safeguarding their right to participate in decision-making structures and mechanisms; 2) alleviating their poverty; 3) ensuring equal opportunity at all levels of education; 4) ensuring equal access to health services; 5) strengthening their capabilities to enter the labor market and achieve self-reliance; 6) overcoming the impact on women of war, occupation, and armed conflict, and ensuring their participation in peace negotiations; 7) ensuring their participation in natural resource management and environmental protection; and 8) eliminating violence against women, and effectively utilizing communications channels to bring about changes in women's roles in society and to achieve equality between the sexes. The meeting also called for a follow-up meeting to be held prior to the Beijing Conference and made a declaration of solidarity with Algerian women who are the victims of political violence. The declaration met with some opposition from the Sudanese. Although the role of Islamic fundamentalists in the violence against women was acknowledged, Islam was emphasized as a religion of love, openness, and moderation. The meeting, which was organized by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, the League of Arab States, and the Center for Arab Women for Training and Research, was attended by NGOs, experts, officials, and government delegations from Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Sudan, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
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