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Lancet. 2007 Dec 1; 370(9602):1817-1818.Progress towards making male circumcision for HIV prevention a reality in Africa has been slow because of cultural hurdles in a few countries, financial constraints in most, and a serious shortage of skilled practitioners throughout the continent. Joint Programme on HIV and AIDS made one of the most important policy statements in recent times on the fight against HIV in developing countries. After a 2-day consultation in Montreaux, Switzerland, the UN agencies released a document that urged countries with high rates of heterosexually transmitted HIV to consider adding male circumcision to their armamentarium against AIDS. The recommendation had a sound scientific basis. The results of three randomised controlled trials undertaken in Kisumu, Kenya, Rakai District, Uganda, and Orange Farm, South Africa had shown that male circumcision reduces the risk of heterosexually acquired HIV infection in men by around 60%. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Sep; (9): p..Representatives from the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in Colombia visited the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) in the second half of a technical assistance exchange project. FGAE is expanding its institutional focus from family planning to sexual and reproductive health with a special emphasis on young people. Representatives from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and the IPPF Africa Regional Office visited PROFAMILIA/Colombia in March 2001 to see PROFAMILIA's youth programs and services first-hand. The exchange was the first half of a technical assistance project that is funded by the IPPF "i3" Youth Program (Innovate, Indicate, Inform). IPPF/WHR had identified PROFAMILIA as a "best practices" FPA which could offer its expertise in developing youth programs to the FPA in Ethiopia. Zhenja, the IPPF/WHR Communications Manager, was there to facilitate the visit and identify needs for technical assistance. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Apr; (3): p..Representatives from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, Africa Regional Office visited the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in March 2001 to see PROFAMILIA's youth programs and services. The exchange was the first half of a technical assistance project; PROFAMILIA was identified as a "best practices" organization that could offer its expertise to FGAE. Representatives from PROFAMILIA/Colombia visited the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) in August 2001 for the second half of a technical assistance exchange project. The project, which in March 2001 allowed for FGAE representatives to visit Colombia, is funded by the IPPF "i3" Youth Program (Innovate, Indicate, Inform). FGAE is expanding its institutional focus from family planning to sexual and reproductive health with a special emphasis on young people. PROFAMILIA was identified as a "best practices" organization to provide technical assistance on youth programs. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Apr; (2): p..A four-person team from International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region visited Haiti to provide technical assistance, focusing on project management and reporting, logistics and budgeting. A four-person team from IPPF/WHR was in Haiti on March 4th - 9th to work with two of the country's largest family planning organizations, PROFAMIL and FOSREF. Team members included Eva, a Program Advisor and resource development specialist; Rebecca, an Evaluation Officer; María Cristina, the Regional Supplies Officer; and Marcos, a Financial Advisor. IPPF/WHR monitors PROFAMIL's IPPF Vision 2000 Project to improve quality of care and increase access to SRH services. On this technical assistance visit, the IPPF/WHR team focused on project management and reporting, logistics, and budgeting. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2002 Jul; (14): p..Alejandra, senior program officer, and Rebecca, evaluation officer, traveled to Ecuador in June 2002 to monitor the implementation of two adolescent projects funded by the Hewlett and Turner foundations. We spent the first two days of our trip in Guayaquil, where IPPF/WHR's affiliate, APROFE, has its main offices and clinics. This organization has begun providing services tailored to the needs of youth for the first time. Their idea was to build a separate space for youth with funds from the Hewlett Foundation to allow the clients to have access to health care providers who are specially trained to meet their needs as young people. It will also provide them with greater privacy. Unfortunately, there have been some construction delays for the new youth center. APROFE is therefore providing youth services in a section of the main clinic's office which has been refurbished as a youth clinic. I was struck by how friendly and colorful the office looked. There were lots of posters and signs painted by the youth. We also saw the blueprints for the youth center, which APROFE hopes to have completed by December. (excerpt)
Population 2005. 2002 Jun-Jul; 4(2):15.Should the United Nations organize an international population conference in 2004, continuing the series of decennial intergovernmental events that began with the World Population Conference in Bucharest in 1974 and continued with the International Conference on Population in Mexico City in 1984 and the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994? The three previous events were initiated by the U.N. Population Commission, now called the Commission on Population and Development. But this time around, the commission has not been able to make up its mind on whether a global event in 2004 will be useful or feasible. In addition to the usual arguments about “the conference fatigue” and the high costs of U.N. conferences, another argument is being advanced by those who are not in favor of a global conference in 2004. They fear that a global conference in 2004 may open up the debate on the concepts of reproductive health, reproductive rights and empowerment of women that were clearly defined and accepted at Cairo. (excerpt)
Implementing ILO Child Labour Convention 182: lessons from Honduras. [Aplicación del Convenio 182 sobre prohibición de las peores formas de trabajo infantil de la OIT: lecciones en Honduras]
Development in Practice. 2004 Feb; 14(1-2):171-182.This article explores the implementation of Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Honduras. It highlights key lessons learned from a joint Save the Children Fund-UK and Ministry of Labour project. These lessons are of relevance to similar projects addressing the application of child labour legislation and to projects focusing on institutional strengthening and children's participation. The article examines the centrality of partnership and ownership, and the value of child-centred approaches. It also explores the capacity of NGOs to engage in national and regional-level government, and the importance of linking national and regional and local-level initiatives. (author's)
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2002.  p. (UNICEF Fact Sheet)The world’s young people are threatened by HIV/AIDS. Of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS, more than a quarter are aged 15 to 24. Half of all new infections now occur in young people. Young people are a vital factor in halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and many of them are playing a significant role in the fight against it. But they, and children on the brink of adolescence, urgently need the skills, knowledge and services to protect themselves against becoming infected with HIV. (excerpt)
InterDependent. 2002 Fall; 28(2):15-16.To date, the Global Fund has received multi-year pledges of $2.1 billion from governments, corporations, foundations, non-profit organizations, and private individuals- a level that has remained stagnant for several months. However, as of October 10, the Fund has received only $483 million. Of the 31 countries that made pledges, only Ireland has made a complete payment, while 23 countries have made no payments at all. Feachem warned, "We need an additional $2 billion in 2003 and an additional $4.6 billion in 2004, in addition to the $2.1 billion that [has] already [been] pledged." He said these "very substantial short-term resource requirements" were needed by the Fund "pretty quickly." (excerpt)
Essentials. 2003 Jan; (10): p..While the outcomes of monitoring poverty are not always self-evident and may become apparent only with time, it is important to draw key lessons from the experience. These outcomes have major implications for fostering innovations in poverty reduction strategies as well as programming for human development, political participation and social integration. The lessons learned from monitoring poverty presented in this ESSENTIALS are drawn from a diverse pool of resources from UNDP’s experience and those of key partner organizations. (excerpt)
Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore Cluster Country Consultation on Migrant Workers' HIV Vulnerability Reduction: Pre-Departure, Post-Arrival and Returnee Reintegration, 15-17 April 2002, Makati City, Philippines.
Bangkok, Thailand, UNDP, South East Asia HIV and Development Programme, 2002 Sep. iv, 39 p.HIV/AIDS touches all sectors of society. It is an issue that requires appropriate responses at national, regional and global levels. Migrant workers are valuable resources that stimulate economic prosperity and contribute to the socio-economic development of Asia. Millions of migrant workers move in and out of the countries of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Singapore (BIMPS) for economic and other reasons. Migrant workers, Non-Governmental Organizations, United Nations agencies and government officials responsible for migrant workers gathered from the BIMPS cluster countries to share their existing responses and to formulate collaborative actions for reducing migrant workers’ HIV vulnerabilities in this region and beyond. The delegates proposed a Memorandum of Understanding and drafted a set of collaborative responses. Only through the collective protection of valuable human resources will the BIMPS countries be able to mitigate the socio-economic and human impact of HIV/AIDS within each of their own countries. It is the hope of the UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Programme that the resulting draft Memorandum of Understanding and the Joint Action Programme from the BIMPS Consultation will be considered by the Ministries of Labour, as well as the National AIDS Authorities of these countries in their future policy and programme elaborations. It is also hoped that the ASEAN Task Force on AIDS Secretariat and its dialogue partners will provide the necessary financial and technical support to materialize the proposed Joint Action Programme for the BIMPS sub-region. (excerpt)
Monday Developments. 2003 Jun 9; 21(10):16.In a world where there are more than 22 million forcibly displaced persons, increased victimization of civilians during conflicts, and growing social and economic implications of war, issues around the protection of refugees and internally displaced persons demand greater attention, participants at the 2003 InterAction Forum said. In a workshop entitled, "Commitments to Protecting the Displaced: Increasing Stakeholders, Enhancing Accountability," panelists emphasized that protection of displaced populations must include physical as well as legal protection, and cannot be achieved by a single agency. (excerpt)
In: All of us. Births and a better life: population, development and environment in a globalized world. Selections from the pages of the Earth Times, edited by Jack Freeman and Pranay Gupte. New York, New York, Earth Times Books, 1999. 390-4.The UN, the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Bank, and other nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are responding to public pressure for good governance. Although the issues are complex, these organizations have taken on the challenge of eliminating corruption in both private and public sectors. NGOs and international organizations are rapidly evolving programs and initiatives, yet the challenge is to mobilize political leadership and public support behind national integrity programs. These would require clean and fair elections, public statements of personal assets by government leaders, and decent pay for public officials. In addition, the OECD has drafted the Principles of Corporate Governance as an initiative to correct the inadequacies of regulation of publicly traded corporations. The international organizations have recognized that the lack of decent governance by government and business have undermined the full potential of the economies of many developing countries and the productive skills of the people of these countries. Within the coming years, they intend to change and improve this situation.
NATURE MEDICINE. 1998 Jul; 4(7):750.This article discusses the World Bank's plans to lend India money that will be used in part to fund HIV/AIDS prevention and control. The loan amounts to about US$200 million, of which 25% would be directed to research and development for HIV/AIDS. The loan is a 5-year extension of support that ended March 1999. The loan will cover the cost of blood safety programs, hospital and community care plans, and medical drugs for treating opportunistic infections. According to the Department of Biotechnology and the Indian Council of Medical Research, research and development money will be split between indigenous AIDS vaccine programs and assessment of local production of HIV diagnostic kits and development of vaginal microbicides. The government will support clinical trials of more than herbal medicines for treating tuberculosis. Funding will also support evaluation research on cost of patient care and the HIV/AIDS impact on the work force. A major focus will be on the high risk population of women and children. The World Bank requires that 50% of the loans go to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). However, the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) of India lost government financial funding and will not be able to fund NGO efforts directly. NACO must channel funding through state governments. There is fear that the AIDS control program will suffer due to the restructuring of operations and shortages of manpower. The AIDS program funding could be halted by the Bank due to India's nuclear testing.
[The role of community organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in solutions to population problems] Le role des organisations communautaires et des ON.G dans les solutions aux problemes de la population.
REVUE MAROCAINE DE RECHERCHES EN COMMUNICATION. 1995 Oct; (5):32-50.The World Population Plan of Action is the result of international consensus regarding population problems and their implications for socioeconomic development. The objective of sustained development will not be met without sufficient human and material resources, some of which must be channeled to the developing countries through international organizations. Governments alone will not be able to meet the objectives of the Plan of Action within the next two decades; the participation of individuals and groups in the society will be needed. Local communities and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) can play an important role in definition of strategies to include the population in questions concerning their own development and welfare, in a process of microsocietal promotion. The movement may begin with conferences, sampling studies, group interviews, debates, and similar actions, or in larger undertakings such as creation of centers and organizations. NGOs play an important psychosocial role in assuring social cohesion. They allow individuals engaged in associative actions to withstand alienating pressures to conform, and they formulate social demands and articulate needs. Their programs allow them to project into the future. Various institutions serving homeless and otherwise disadvantaged youth in Morocco exemplify the role of NGOs in promoting social cohesion.
INTER-AFRICAN COMMITTEE ON TRADITIONAL PRACTICES AFFECTING THE HEALTH OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN NEWSLETTER. 1995 Apr; (17):12.The former national committee of Liberia ceased activities at the outbreak of civil unrest, but as soon as the situation allowed, a group of former committee members and new volunteers held meetings starting in March 1993. However, it is not until 1994 that activities started again in earnest. Thanks to UNICEF, a potential committee leader was invited to the IAC Regional Conference in April 1994, Addis Ababa. There, Miss Patricia Marbey met with other members of the IAC network, notably from neighboring countries, which share similar problems concerning traditional practices. Soon after her return she reorganized the committee. Elections were in August 1994 under the auspices of UNICEF. Officers were elected to key posts for a two-year term renewable only once. The name of the new committee was changed for Liberia IAC National Committee, or IAC-LI for short. Even before it was formally reorganized, IAC-Liberia was called into action to represent a girl who had been forcibly initiated. This affair provided the necessary impetus for the committee to start a sensitization campaign toward the eradication of FGM in and around the capital. (full text)
POPULI. 1996 Mar; 23(1):9-10.Members of the European Commission on Women are concerned that the European Union (EU) is failing to play an adequate role in financing the implementation of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development's (ICPD) Program of Action. It was observed in a Commission report quoted in the World Population Foundation NGO Newsletter that two years after the ICPD, progress has been very disappointing, both globally and in terms of the efforts made to realize accepted goals. The commission is drafting a resolution calling for more joint financing of population and development programs and for nongovernmental organizations (NGO) to be given more direct access to EU initiatives and funding. The resolution will be voted upon in the commission and tentatively in June in the European Parliament. Adoption of the resolution by the European Parliament will affirm the following beliefs: that population policies must be an integral part of economic, social, and cultural development, with their main objective being to improve the quality of life for everyone and to preserve it for future generations; that freedom of choice regarding reproduction is a fundamental human right; and that women's access to health services, reproductive health, and family planning remains inadequate.
POPULATION HEADLINERS. 1995 Jan; (238):1-2.On December 2, 1994, a group of government officials, nongovernmental leaders, and health and family planning experts from the Asian and Pacific region, who met at a UNFPA organized meeting, issued a set of recommendations to speed the implementation of the Program of Action adopted by the recent International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo. A central recommendation of the Program of Action is making reproductive health care accessible to all couples and individuals as part of primary health care by the year 2015. Reproductive health care is a holistic approach to women's health that includes family planning counseling, education services for prenatal care, assisted deliveries, postnatal care, and prevention of sexual diseases including HIV/AIDS. Participants' recommendations included: 1) educating policy makers, program managers, and women about reproductive health; 2) support of UNFPA and governments for educational programs for adolescents and married adults on family planning, teenage pregnancy, and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases; 3) advocacy to change the social perception of women's roles; 4) increased education for women, especially girls, and a new partnership between the UNFPA and NGOs aimed at achieving the goals of the Conference.