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Lancet. 2004 Aug 28; 364:742-744.In May, 2004, the 57th World Health Assembly endorsed WHO’s first strategy to accelerate progress toward reproductive health. All countries, except the USA, joined the consensus on the strategy, noting that achieving reproductive health for all is essential to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The strategy recommends action in five key areas: strengthening health-system capacity; improving information for setting priorities; mobilising political will; creating supportive legislative and regulatory frameworks; and strengthening monitoring, evaluation, and accountability. Although action on all five fronts is needed, we believe mobilising political will, including organising broad constituencies to support agendas for action and to hold governments accountable, is the prerequisite for success in the other four areas. (excerpt)
The blurred line between aiding progress and sanctioning abuse: United States appropriations, the UNFPA and family planning in the P.R.C.
New York Law School Journal of Human Rights. 2000; 17(3):1063-1104.This note discusses the trend in People's Republic of China programs, international standards of human rights, legislative trends, and the United States budget for fiscal years 2000 and 2001 as they apply to family planning programs. Specifically, this discussion shows why Congress should condition funding of these programs based on assurances of compliance with human rights standards. Part I presents an overview of the P.R.C. programs. Part II reviews internationally accepted standards of human rights concerning reproduction and population control, as well as China's violations of these rights. Part III describes UNFPA funding of the P.R.C.'s programs, emphasizing their latest 4-year program. Part IV discusses the legislative trend since 1985 of limiting or halting funding to the programs, and the current state of the federal budget regarding these appropriations. Part V discusses the global gag rule and the necessity of its removal. Part VI considers recently proposed legislation regarding funding family planning. Finally, the conclusion proposes a possible solution to the family planning dilemma in the face of both the continuing need for assistance and the continued existence of human rights abuses. (excerpt)
JOICFP NEWS. 1995 Jun; (252):7.In order to implement the goals set forth in the Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in its programs, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) held a meeting of its Ad-hoc Advisory Panel on Gender, Population and Development on April 5 and 6, 1995, in New York. Akiko Domoto, a Member of Parliament in Japan and an activist on women's issues and population, was invited to chair part of the meeting of the 16-member panel, which meets every two years and was established in 1986 to advise UNFPA on policies, strategies, and programs designed to mainstream gender concerns in population activities. The panel is composed of population, gender, and development experts from both developing and developed countries. The meeting was comprised of seven sessions that covered issues such as information, education, and communication (IEC); reproductive health and family planning; and collaboration with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Domoto chaired the session on IEC and centered discussion on how to implement gender in these areas. The result of the meeting was a draft document of recommendations to UNFPA that included suggestions about collecting and analyzing gender-differentiated data, providing information and training to more fully utilize NGOs, and focusing on impacting men's attitudes and behavior in regard to reproductive health, family planning, and gender equality.