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New York, New York, Human Rights Watch, 2003 Sep. 61 p. (Croatia Vol. 15, No. 6(D))Between 300,000 and 350,000 Serbs left their homes in Croatia during the 1991-95 war. This report describes the continued plight of displacement suffered by the Serbs of Croatia and identifies the principal remaining impediments to their return. The most significant problem is the difficulty Serbs face in returning to their pre-war homes. Despite repeated promises, the Croatian government has been unwilling and unable to solve this problem for the vast majority of displaced Serbs. In addition, fear of arbitrary arrest on war-crimes charges and discrimination in employment and pension benefits also deter return. Human Rights Watch believes that these problems are a result of a practice of ethnic discrimination against Serbs by the Croatian government. The report concludes with a list of recommendations to the government of Croatia and the international community to deal with these persistent problems and finally make good on the promise of return. (author's)
The International Conference on Population and Development, September 5-13, 1994, Cairo, Egypt. Nepal's country report.
Kathmandu, Nepal, National Planning Commission, 1993 Sep. vi, 49 p.Prepared for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, this country report from Nepal opens with a description of the geographic features and administrative regions, zones, and districts of the country. 91% of the population of Nepal is rural, and agriculture accounts for 57% of the gross domestic product. Nepal has made some socioeconomic gains from 1961 to 1991 which are reflected in improved life expectancy (from 34 to 54.4 years), a decline in the infant mortality rate (from 200 to 102), and an improvement in the literacy rate (from 9 to > 40%). However, the per capital income of US $180 and rapid population growth have impeded improvement in the standard of living. The new government of Nepal is committed to establishing a better balance between population and the environment. This report provides a discussion of population growth and structure; population distribution, urbanization, and migration; the environment and sustainable development; the status of women; population policies and programs (highlighting the population policy of the plan for 1992-97); the national family planning program and health programs; and intervention issues. A 15-point summary is provided, and details of the objectives, priorities, and major policy thrust in regard to population and development of the Eight Plan (1992-97) are appended.
Female employment in Afghanistan: a study of decree # 8. Inter-agency task force study on Taliban decree and its implications.
[New York, New York], Inter-Agency Taliban Edict Task Force, 2001 Feb 6. 61 p.This document presents an analysis by the Inter-Agency Taliban Edict Task Force of Decree #8, which is focused on female employment in Afghanistan. Findings note that difficulties with female employment in the country did not begin and will not end with the Taliban, but are a deeply ingrained feature of Afghan society. The decree serves as a warning to those who would even indirectly challenge the Taliban's views on gender, Kabul women, women's morality and ownership of that morality.
Geneva, Switzerland, International Labour Office [ILO], 1994. v, 25 p.After many years of worsening conditions, most countries worldwide face unprecedented high levels of unemployment and underemployment. Countries in every region of the world face urgent problems linked to high levels of unemployment, fears about continuing job losses, a fall in real wages, and the continuing informalization of urban economies. There is also an increase in precarious and underpaid work, especially among women, following rapid growth in the number of poor households. The International Labor Organization (ILO) was established 75 years ago and has since actively promoted full and freely chosen employment along with the improvement of living and working conditions in all regions of the world. It has accumulated much experience over the period in many aspects of employment, including those which relate to population issues. The ILO has also been involved since the late 1920s in international discussions on major population issues and has actively collaborated with the UN Population Fund over the course of the last 25 years. This paper focuses upon the need for an holistic approach to population and employment issues, and the contribution which the ILO can make to that end.