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  1. 1
    279245

    Operational principles for good pharmaceutical procurement.

    Rankin J; Quick JD; Muziki S; Woldeyesus K; Fresle DA

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy Interagency Pharmaceutical Coordination Group, 1999. [22] p. (WHO/EDM/PAR/99.5)

    The aim of this document is to improve pharmaceutical procurement practices in countries served by the IPC members. These operational principles for good pharmaceutical procurement are not meant to regulate activities of international agencies, sovereign governments or private companies. They are presented strictly as a set of principles which can be reviewed and adapted by individual governments and public or private organizations in the process of developing their own internal procurement procedures. These objectives and principles are published by WHO’s Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy (EDM) on behalf of the IPC, after an extensive review by experts from international agencies, governments, the pharmaceutical industry, essential drugs supply agencies and universities. Pharmaceutical procurement occurs in many contexts. Although the operational principles presented here are in many respects applicable to all procurement settings and for most types of procurement situations, their primary target is pharmaceutical procurement for public sector health systems. It is recognized that public sector procurement may be managed in a variety of ways, ranging from total in-house systems, through various autonomous or semi-autonomous procurement agencies, to total privatization. These principles are applicable to each of those variations. The document is composed of four chapters. Chapter 1 consists of a brief problem statement which illustrates the need for improvements in procurement practices. Chapter 2 presents the four strategic objectives of pharmaceutical procurement which apply to any health system, whether it is public or private. Chapter 3 presents twelve operational principles for good pharmaceutical procurement, grouped into four categories (management; selection and quantification; financing and competition; supplier selection and quality assurance). Chapter 4 gives more information on the practical implementation of the twelve principles and some useful information on mechanisms to further improve the performance of the procurement system. A section of references and further reading is also included. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    188491
    Peer Reviewed

    Measles immunisation strategies to expand.

    Baleta A

    Lancet. 2003 Oct 25; 362(9393):1386.

    Delegates from 50 countries have vowed to intensify efforts to reduce deaths from measles, which claims the lives of 2000 children a day. More than 200 health officials launched the Cape Town Measles Declaration on Oct 17, pledging to save the lives of almost half a million children every year by 2005. This will be done by expanding proven immunisation strategies and focusing on 45 countries identified as the highest priority for mortality-reduction strategies. (excerpt)
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