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New York, New York, UNICEF, 2004 Jul.  p.Collaboration has always been a driving force behind UNICEF’s mission to see that all children enjoy their rights to health, education, equality and protection. As this Annual Report illustrates, UNICEF continues to build alliances with governments, donors, communities and children themselves to make this a world fit for children and, by extension, for all people. This report summarizes the many steps being taken by UNICEF and its partners in their long-standing mission to decrease child mortality rates, increase school attendance and strengthen child protection laws. Readers will also see the ways in which UNICEF works with determination to protect children from abuse, exploitation and discrimination, and works to ensure that children’s rights are neither abrogated by emergencies – such as wars or natural disasters – nor trampled because of gender, poverty or disease. (excerpt)
Global HealthLink. 2001 Sep-Oct; (111):12-13.They litter the streets of any major city in any developing nation—hoards of children, their eyes wide in their sockets, their big bellies jutting above their bony rib-cages. You can tell just by looking that they are ill, starving and desperate. Too many hands with cavernous palms and white knuckles reaching out for the few coins you have to offer. Which of the children do you give them to? Which of the children will you feed today? The United Nations General Assembly convenes Sept. 19-21 in an unprecedented Special Session to address the needs of the world’s children. The last time such emphasis was placed on children’s issues was during the World Summit on Children in 1990, when 71 heads of state and government, including then President George H.W. Bush, signed the “World Declaration on Survival, Protection, and Development of Children” to be implemented by 2000. A Plan of Action outlining specific goals relating to the survival, health, nutrition, education and protection of children was subsequently adopted. During the 1990 World Summit, participants were determined to give every child a better future. Of the 27 goals identified in the Plan of Action, 23 dealt specifically with child health. The Plan of Action includes the elimination of preventable childhood diseases, overcoming forms of malnutrition, and the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. The 1990 Summit also witnessed the adoption of the “World Declaration on Survival, Protection and Development of Children” to be accomplished by the year 2000. (excerpt)
CVI FORUM. 1995 Oct; (10):2-5.The Children's Vaccine Initiative (CVI) was initially tasked with developing a supervaccine against a broad spectrum of childhood diseases. 5 years after its inception, the CVI has made progress toward developing new and better vaccines and, for the first time, has a full-time coordinator. There has also been a shift in the conceptual framework within which people in the disease prevention community work and think. The CVI has gained a broader governing base and a more clearly defined mandate regarding the global vaccine community in general and the World Health Organization's Global Program for Vaccines and Immunization (GPV) in particular. Progress has also been made in fostering consensus and stimulating support for work upon vaccines and immunization. In support of and as part of the CVI, researchers and other experts from diverse areas of the vaccine development field have joined forces to work on specific objectives, such as the single-dose tetanus toxoid vaccine. Progress made in developing vaccines against a range of diseases and funds allocated for vaccine research are described.
Arlington, Virginia, Partnership for Child Health Care, 1995. , 11,  p. (Trip Report; BASICS Technical Directive: 008-GU-01-015; USAID Contract No. HRN-6006-Q-08-3032)As part of a series of activities designed to reduce morbidity and mortality from acute respiratory infections in children under the age of 5 in Guatemala, a consultant from the BASICS (Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival) program visited Guatemala in 1995 to analyze, modify, and field test the protocol developed by the USAID Mission to document the degree to which drugs prescribed for pneumonia are available in the community through the private sector. This field report provides background information and describes the current situation in Guatemala in terms of availability of drugs in the public sector through the Ministry of Health, the Drogueria Nacional, municipalities, and the Pan American Health Organization. Relevant activities in the private sector are also described, including the for-profit businesses as well as services provided by UNICEF, the European Union, and nongovernmental organizations. A brief overview of one health area gives an example of the current situation. The result of this consultancy visit was the determination that the situation merited adjustment of the originally requested study and that the survey as designed would likely require modification and application within target communities. Included among the appendices is the original protocol developed for assessing community drug availability.