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Your search found 24 Results

  1. 1

    EFA flagship initiatives. Multi-partner collaborative mechanisms in support of EFA goals.

    Mputu H; Lawale S

    Paris, France, UNESCO, 2004. 55 p. (ED-2004/WS/16)

    The World Education Forum held in Dakar (April, 2000) reemphasized and reiterated the importance of inter-agency partnerships, collaboration and coordination in pursuance of the EFA goals. This facilitated the launching of a number of multi-partner initiatives that focused on specific EFA-related areas and problems requiring special attention as well as the reinforcing of existing ones. EFA flagship initiatives were considered to constitute, among others, one of the mechanisms that would contribute in enhancing and strengthening multi-agency partnership and coherence on EFA related goals. Three years after Dakar, the EFA flagships continue to expand in terms of number of initiatives launched as well as their scope and membership. At present, nine initiatives have been established, involving United Nations organizations, bilateral and multilateral agencies and NGOs. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Building successful alliances for global health.

    Ross J; McCallon B

    Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs, Information and Knowledge for Optimal Health Project [INFO], 2005 Oct 10. [2] p. (Global Health Technical Briefs)

    Have you ever needed to quickly mobilize in-country networks for program scale-up? Have you ever wished for a reliable way to disseminate tools and strategies to community stakeholders? Have you ever looked for ways to strengthen nongovernmental organization (NGO) country collaboration for greater impact? Alliances such as the CORE Group and the White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA) help donors and partners meet these challenges and reach more women and children in need. They do this by offering one-stop access to established networks whose reach and reputation in developing countries make them highly effective partners. The CORE Group, established in 1997, is a membership association of 40 international NGOs whose mission is to promote and improve the health and well-being of children and women in developing countries through collaborative NGO action and learning. Collectively, CORE Group members work in more than 140 countries. (excerpt)
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  3. 3
    Peer Reviewed

    MDGs as friends or foes for human and child rights.

    Salord M

    Development. 2005; 48(1):115-121.

    Miquel de Paladella Salord discusses civil society’s concerns that the millennium development goals (MDGs) risk undermining the ability of the poor and marginalized and their communities to defend their fundamental human rights. He proposes that the MDGs offer an important opportunity to mobilize development actors from governments to grassroots organizations. (author's)
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  4. 4
    Peer Reviewed

    The protective environment: development support for child protection.

    Landgren K

    Human Rights Quarterly. 2005; 27:214-248.

    Children’s protection from violence, exploitation, and abuse is weak in much of the world, despite near universal ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Often, improved legislation is not accompanied by significant changes in state or private practices and capacity. The types of programmatic response supported have tended to be curative rather than preventative in nature, addressing symptoms rather than the underlying systems that have failed to protect children. This article proposes a conceptual framework for programming, identifying elements key to protecting children in any environment as well as the factors that strengthen or undermine the protection available. Using this shared platform for analysis, human rights and development actors can bring greater coherence to activities that strengthen child protection. (author's)
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  5. 5
    Peer Reviewed

    Implementing ILO Child Labour Convention 182: lessons from Honduras. [Aplicación del Convenio 182 sobre prohibición de las peores formas de trabajo infantil de la OIT: lecciones en Honduras]

    Groves L

    Development in Practice. 2004 Feb; 14(1-2):171-182.

    This article explores the implementation of Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Honduras. It highlights key lessons learned from a joint Save the Children Fund-UK and Ministry of Labour project. These lessons are of relevance to similar projects addressing the application of child labour legislation and to projects focusing on institutional strengthening and children's participation. The article examines the centrality of partnership and ownership, and the value of child-centred approaches. It also explores the capacity of NGOs to engage in national and regional-level government, and the importance of linking national and regional and local-level initiatives. (author's)
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  6. 6

    UNICEF annual report 2003. Covering 1 January to 31 December 2003.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2004 Jul. [54] p.

    Collaboration has always been a driving force behind UNICEF’s mission to see that all children enjoy their rights to health, education, equality and protection. As this Annual Report illustrates, UNICEF continues to build alliances with governments, donors, communities and children themselves to make this a world fit for children and, by extension, for all people. This report summarizes the many steps being taken by UNICEF and its partners in their long-standing mission to decrease child mortality rates, increase school attendance and strengthen child protection laws. Readers will also see the ways in which UNICEF works with determination to protect children from abuse, exploitation and discrimination, and works to ensure that children’s rights are neither abrogated by emergencies – such as wars or natural disasters – nor trampled because of gender, poverty or disease. (excerpt)
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  7. 7

    The Inter-Agency Network on education in emergencies. [Le Réseau inter-agences d'éducation d'urgence]

    Anderson A; Roberts B

    Forced Migration Review. 2005 Jan; (22):8-10.

    The Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) builds on the work of its members - UN agencies, NGOs, practitioners, donors and researchers - to ensure the right to education in emergencies and post-crisis reconstruction. Guinea in 1996 highlighted the then state of education in emergencies. An already under-resourced education system was coming under strain due to the presence of large numbers of refugees from neighbouring Sierra Leone and Liberia. As refugee and Guinean students competed for limited places in state schools and Guinea struggled to pay teachers' salaries, a large number of international NGOs established a complementary network of schools in the refugee camps. (excerpt)
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  8. 8

    Promises to keep.

    Schiegg NS

    Global HealthLink. 2001 Sep-Oct; (111):12-13.

    They litter the streets of any major city in any developing nation—hoards of children, their eyes wide in their sockets, their big bellies jutting above their bony rib-cages. You can tell just by looking that they are ill, starving and desperate. Too many hands with cavernous palms and white knuckles reaching out for the few coins you have to offer. Which of the children do you give them to? Which of the children will you feed today? The United Nations General Assembly convenes Sept. 19-21 in an unprecedented Special Session to address the needs of the world’s children. The last time such emphasis was placed on children’s issues was during the World Summit on Children in 1990, when 71 heads of state and government, including then President George H.W. Bush, signed the “World Declaration on Survival, Protection, and Development of Children” to be implemented by 2000. A Plan of Action outlining specific goals relating to the survival, health, nutrition, education and protection of children was subsequently adopted. During the 1990 World Summit, participants were determined to give every child a better future. Of the 27 goals identified in the Plan of Action, 23 dealt specifically with child health. The Plan of Action includes the elimination of preventable childhood diseases, overcoming forms of malnutrition, and the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. The 1990 Summit also witnessed the adoption of the “World Declaration on Survival, Protection and Development of Children” to be accomplished by the year 2000. (excerpt)
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  9. 9

    Investigating health in Guatemala.

    Miller C

    Global HealthLink. 2001 Jul-Aug; (110):11, 17.

    With a population of more than 6 million, expected to double in just 22 years, and with the highest infant mortality rate in the hemisphere, high maternal mortality rates and low contraceptive use, our objective was to find hope among people recovering from 36 years of civil war. In August, the Global Health Council is taking a congressional delegation to Guatemala and Honduras on a study tour to show the strides made and challenges unmet. Two hours outside of Guatemala City is San Juan Comalapa, Chimaltenango, where we visited a small rural clinic providing maternal and child health (MCH) services. This clinic is one of many supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) 1997 “Better Health for Rural Women and Children” grant to the Guatemalan Ministry of Health (MOH), focused on reducing the gap in health care services between rural Mayans and urban Latino populations. A result of the 1996 Peace Accords, this program is considered the largest health reform example in the world of a MOH contracting out to NGOs to extend basic health services to poor populations. (excerpt)
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  10. 10

    Watchlist on children and armed conflict.

    Freedson J

    Forced Migration Review. 2002 Oct; (15):10-11.

    Wilmot Wungko, a former Liberian refugee, spoke on behalf of millions of children around the world caught up in wars not of their making. Addressing the UN Security Council in a special meeting on children and armed conflict in May 2002, he articulated the need for greater support for children of war – and the particular case of refugee and displaced children. Children make up approximately half of the world’s estimated 38 million refugees and IDPs. Children, including adolescents, are the most vulnerable populations in situations of armed conflict. In the past decade over two million children have been killed in wars and another five million have been wounded or disabled. Twenty million children have been forced from their homes, including seven million who have become refugees in another country. Because of war, entire generations of children grow up without ever seeing the inside of a schoolroom and without receiving proper nutrition or vaccinations. Other children are recruited to be combatants and become witnesses to and forced perpetrators of extreme violence. (excerpt)
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  11. 11
    Peer Reviewed

    Measles immunisation strategies to expand.

    Baleta A

    Lancet. 2003 Oct 25; 362(9393):1386.

    Delegates from 50 countries have vowed to intensify efforts to reduce deaths from measles, which claims the lives of 2000 children a day. More than 200 health officials launched the Cape Town Measles Declaration on Oct 17, pledging to save the lives of almost half a million children every year by 2005. This will be done by expanding proven immunisation strategies and focusing on 45 countries identified as the highest priority for mortality-reduction strategies. (excerpt)
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  12. 12

    Beyond resettlement -- prospects for health and hope for the forgotten majority.

    Silva D

    New York, New York, Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, 2003. 5 p.

    My testimony today will highlight the protection challenges facing women and children in refugee settings, mention a few of the barriers to implementing effective protection programs, and briefly discuss two legislative solutions that address some of these problems. (excerpt)
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  13. 13

    Young people and HIV / AIDS. A UNICEF fact sheet.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2002. [2] p. (UNICEF Fact Sheet)

    The world’s young people are threatened by HIV/AIDS. Of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS, more than a quarter are aged 15 to 24. Half of all new infections now occur in young people. Young people are a vital factor in halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, and many of them are playing a significant role in the fight against it. But they, and children on the brink of adolescence, urgently need the skills, knowledge and services to protect themselves against becoming infected with HIV. (excerpt)
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  14. 14

    End child labour. Background information.


    Santiago, Chile, EarthAction, [2003]. [4] p.

    In their Handbook for Parliamentarians, the International Labour Organisation and the International Parliamentary Union define child labour as "work, that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; by obliging them to leave school prematurely; or by requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work." In its most extreme forms, it involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the million streets of large cities – all of this at a very early age. Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), an international treaty ratified by 191 countries, states that every child has the right to be "...protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development." This clear, unambiguous language protects all children (anyone 17 or younger) from all forms of child labour throughout the world. It's important to note that the term “child labour" does not refer simply to any work performed by a child, but specifically to work done by a child that is considered detrimental to their growth and violates their rights. A child could attend school and still be able to work with their family part time to help grow food or learn a skill, activities which wouldn't be considered harmful. (excerpt)
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  15. 15

    Parliamentary alert. End child labour.


    Santiago, Chile, EarthAction, 2003. [2] p.

    Child labour refers to work that is dangerous or harmful to a child's health and development. Worldwide, an estimated 250 million children work as child labourers. Child labour is found everywhere, but especially in developing countries where it is part of the cycle of poverty, Bonded labour, virtual slavery chained by constant family debt, is common in South Asia. Child servants are hidden and abused in the homes of the rich in Latin America. Millions of children work long hours on plantations in Africa, or in factories throughout the world. Child labourers lose their health, their lives, and at the very least, their precious childhood meant for playing, making friends and learning. (author's)
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  16. 16

    Organisations in India that work on child labour.


    Santiago, Chile, EarthAction, 2003. [2] p.

    In terms of absolute numbers, India has the largest child labour population in the world. It also probably has the greatest number of Civil Society Organisations that are doing first rate work at freeing children from child labour, getting them into schools and meeting their basic needs. The following list includes many outstanding organisations that work on child labour and related issues that Earth Action's Director met with during her visit to India in January 2003. (author's)
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  17. 17

    Nyumbani Village, Nairobi, Kenya. Build community, rebuild hope.

    Noel Group

    Stevens Point, Wisconsin, Noel Group, [2002]. [34] p.

    Nyumbani Village will be successful because: 4 years experience with Ntokozweni 11 years experience with Nyumbani Globally responsible companies want to get involved Support exists from broad coalition of partners. (excerpt)
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  18. 18

    First-ever U.N. session on children gets mixed reviews from NGOs, rights advocates.

    Friedman S

    Monday Developments. 2002 Jul 8; 20(12):12-13.

    Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) gave rave reviews to the overall commitment by the more than 100 governments present to the well-being, development and protection of children. NGOs participated widely, engaged in extensive networking and pointed with satisfaction to the unprecedented, active participation of so many children and adolescents. "But it seems like two sessions going on," said NGO representative Mani Gupta from India. "One is the public arena of plenaries, workshops and open debate and discussion," she said. "And then there are the closed-door negotiating sessions where a handful of governments decide the future of children, with more attention to political deals and ideologies than to the interests of children." (excerpt)
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  19. 19

    NGO Statement on Children and Armed Conflict.

    Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children. Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict

    [Unpublished] 2001 Nov 16 7 p.

    This position paper, which has been endorsed by several international agencies working on the rights of children, calls for informed, consistent action on children and armed conflict resolutions. Specifically, the groups indicate that: 1) the UN Security Council needs full information to exercise its responsibilities; 2) the UN Security Council needs to be consistent in implementing resolutions 1261 and 1314; 3) the UN Security Council should adopt a problem-solving approach to its mandate to protect children and take appropriate action early; and 4) the recommendations made by the UN Secretary- General in his reports on children and armed conflict be implemented. Several recommendations are highlighted in the context of lessons learned from implemented measures and the particular concerns of nongovernmental organizations.
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  20. 20

    A resource book for working against trafficking in women and girls, Baltic Sea region. 3rd ed.


    Stockholm, Sweden, Kvinnoforum, 2002 Feb. 87 p.

    This third edition of the Resource Book for Working Against Trafficking in Women and Girls in the Baltic Sea Region serves as a useful tool for different actors working against trafficking in and around the area. It presents a global overview on what trafficking is about, introduces the networking projects conducted by Kvinnoforum and its partner organizations in six countries in the Baltic Sea Region, and provides contacting details and work of organizations, governmental institutions and others in the six countries.
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  21. 21

    The situation analysis of mothers and children in Turkey.

    UNICEF; Turkey. Ministry of Health

    Ankara, Turkey, UNICEF, 1991 Apr. xxxv, 405 p. (Country Programme, 1991-1995 Series No. 2)

    This report is the synthesis and analysis of data from the interventions for the improvement of the health situation of mothers and children in Turkey. It also identifies areas where mother and child related problems are concentrated. The document is organized into six parts. Part I discusses the state of children and the development connection. Part II presents the country profile of Turkey. Part III is the core of the document and discusses relevant issues on maternal and child health and presents the analysis of the different sectors that affect children. Part III also establishes the correlation between literacy rates in the provinces, average life expectancy and per capita income. Part IV presents the analysis of the profile of development and disparities by regions. Part V briefly reviews the Government of Turkey-UN Children's Fund cooperation with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and summarizes priority subjects from the Situation Analysis Report. Reviewed under the chapters of NGOs are the functions and potential of the NGOs with respect to the women and the child. Part VI focuses on the major problems which underline all the other concrete problems related to the quality of the mother s and children's life.
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  22. 22

    The implementation of UNICEF policies and strategies on children in need of special protection measures. Statement of the Non-Governmental Organization Committee on UNICEF to the UNICEF Executive Board at its annual session, 2-6 June 1997.

    Non-Governmental Organization Committee on UNICEF

    [Unpublished] 1997 Jun 4. 2 p. (E/ICEF/1997/NGO/1)

    This paper presents the statement of the Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) Committee of the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) concerning the implementation of UNICEF policies and strategies on children in need of special protection measures. The four facts which emerged from a study on children in armed conflict that will influence NGO planning and programs are: 1) children in homes without strong family ties are more vulnerable against abduction and recruitment into armies; 2) children who were exposed to harassment or ill-treatment of their families often join armed groups; 3) girls are especially defenseless in armed conflict situations; and 4) several armed conflict children survivors suffer from post-traumatic stress disorders and are being helped by NGOs through a variety of programs. Since 1994, a multipronged approach has been adopted by the NGO Committee to address this issue including peace education and youth involvement in the process, dialogues with military representatives, and negotiations on raising minimum recruitment age to 18 years. Meanwhile, unregistered children are vulnerable to panoply of abuses including under-age recruitment to armed forces or opposition groups, trafficking, sale, prostitution, forced marriages, and forced labor. The NGO Committee has started to work on this issue in Southeast Asia in collaboration with regional partners and UNICEF. It is ready to protect vulnerable children and families wherever possible.
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  23. 23

    Reaching the unreached in Afghanistan.

    POLIO NEWS. 1999 Jun; (4):5.

    An estimated 4.3 million children were vaccinated against polio and given vitamin A supplements during the first round of the National Immunization Days (NIDs) in Afghanistan. In the remote areas, 20,000 health workers and volunteers were trained and deployed to reach children for vaccination. Moreover, the WHO helped in the distribution of supplies and sent supervisors into three villages of the remote district of Badakshan. A strong-mounted, well-coordinated social mobilization campaign through the local radio was made possible by mosques, the BBC, Voice of America, and print media in Afghanistan and Pakistan. NIDs are jointly conducted by the WHO, the UN Children's Fund, the Ministry of Public Health, and nongovernmental organizations. Mass immunization campaigns and NIDs have been conducted in Afghanistan since 1994.
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  24. 24

    Community availability of ARI drugs in Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala, July 23 to August 5, 1995.

    McCarthy D

    Arlington, Virginia, Partnership for Child Health Care, 1995. [4], 11, [45] p. (Trip Report; BASICS Technical Directive: 008-GU-01-015; USAID Contract No. HRN-6006-Q-08-3032)

    As part of a series of activities designed to reduce morbidity and mortality from acute respiratory infections in children under the age of 5 in Guatemala, a consultant from the BASICS (Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival) program visited Guatemala in 1995 to analyze, modify, and field test the protocol developed by the USAID Mission to document the degree to which drugs prescribed for pneumonia are available in the community through the private sector. This field report provides background information and describes the current situation in Guatemala in terms of availability of drugs in the public sector through the Ministry of Health, the Drogueria Nacional, municipalities, and the Pan American Health Organization. Relevant activities in the private sector are also described, including the for-profit businesses as well as services provided by UNICEF, the European Union, and nongovernmental organizations. A brief overview of one health area gives an example of the current situation. The result of this consultancy visit was the determination that the situation merited adjustment of the originally requested study and that the survey as designed would likely require modification and application within target communities. Included among the appendices is the original protocol developed for assessing community drug availability.
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