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Notes from the Field. 2002 Jul; (14): p..Alejandra, senior program officer, and Rebecca, evaluation officer, traveled to Ecuador in June 2002 to monitor the implementation of two adolescent projects funded by the Hewlett and Turner foundations. We spent the first two days of our trip in Guayaquil, where IPPF/WHR's affiliate, APROFE, has its main offices and clinics. This organization has begun providing services tailored to the needs of youth for the first time. Their idea was to build a separate space for youth with funds from the Hewlett Foundation to allow the clients to have access to health care providers who are specially trained to meet their needs as young people. It will also provide them with greater privacy. Unfortunately, there have been some construction delays for the new youth center. APROFE is therefore providing youth services in a section of the main clinic's office which has been refurbished as a youth clinic. I was struck by how friendly and colorful the office looked. There were lots of posters and signs painted by the youth. We also saw the blueprints for the youth center, which APROFE hopes to have completed by December. (excerpt)
Adolescence Education Newsletter. 2005 Jun; 8(1):12.IN JUNE 2004, UNICEF, in collaboration with national organizations, launched Learning for Life, an AIDS education project for Classes 9 and 11 in Tamil Nadu. The plan was to hold HIV/AIDS prevention sessions for 8,185 schools by March 2005. The sessions aimed to give young people an opportunity to learn basic facts about HIV/AIDS and provide them a forum to raise issues related to growing up or the challenges of adolescence. A key material used for these sessions was the "Learning for Life" training manual, which was designed according to the national guidelines developed by the National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) and the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO). Partnering UNICEF in this initiative were the Department of Education; Directorate of Teachers Education, Research and Training (DTERT); District Institute of Education and Training (DIET); Tamil Nadu State AIDS Control Soceity (TANSACS); AIDS Prevention and Control Project (APAC-VHS); and core NGOs. (excerpt)
In: Towards adulthood: exploring the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in South Asia, edited by Sarah Bott, Shireen Jejeebhoy, Iqbal Shah, Chander Puri. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], Department of Reproductive Health and Research, 2003. 223-226.Representatives from governments, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and international agencies participated in a panel discussion entitled “Enhancing Adolescents’ Reproductive Health: Strategies and Challenges”, moderated by Dr Iqbal Shah. The objective of this discussion was to share information about adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) programmes from different sectors and different countries. Panellists were asked to draw from their personal and institutional experiences in discussing strategies and approaches used by ASRH programmes, as well as challenges and opportunities confronting those who work in this area. Panellists included government representatives from India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, as well as NGO representatives from Bangladesh and Pakistan, and representatives from international agencies with a wide regional presence, including UNAIDS (the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) and the World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia (WHO/ SEARO). (excerpt)
Santiago, Chile, EarthAction, .  p.In their Handbook for Parliamentarians, the International Labour Organisation and the International Parliamentary Union define child labour as "work, that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; by obliging them to leave school prematurely; or by requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work." In its most extreme forms, it involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the million streets of large cities – all of this at a very early age. Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), an international treaty ratified by 191 countries, states that every child has the right to be "...protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development." This clear, unambiguous language protects all children (anyone 17 or younger) from all forms of child labour throughout the world. It's important to note that the term “child labour" does not refer simply to any work performed by a child, but specifically to work done by a child that is considered detrimental to their growth and violates their rights. A child could attend school and still be able to work with their family part time to help grow food or learn a skill, activities which wouldn't be considered harmful. (excerpt)
Santiago, Chile, EarthAction, 2003.  p.Child labour refers to work that is dangerous or harmful to a child's health and development. Worldwide, an estimated 250 million children work as child labourers. Child labour is found everywhere, but especially in developing countries where it is part of the cycle of poverty, Bonded labour, virtual slavery chained by constant family debt, is common in South Asia. Child servants are hidden and abused in the homes of the rich in Latin America. Millions of children work long hours on plantations in Africa, or in factories throughout the world. Child labourers lose their health, their lives, and at the very least, their precious childhood meant for playing, making friends and learning. (author's)
Santiago, Chile, EarthAction, 2003.  p.In terms of absolute numbers, India has the largest child labour population in the world. It also probably has the greatest number of Civil Society Organisations that are doing first rate work at freeing children from child labour, getting them into schools and meeting their basic needs. The following list includes many outstanding organisations that work on child labour and related issues that Earth Action's Director met with during her visit to India in January 2003. (author's)
NGOs as partners in sexual and reproductive health: experiences and perspectives from sub-Saharan Africa.
Eschborn, Germany, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technishe Zusammenarbeit [GTZ], 1999 Oct. 71 p.This booklet, prepared by the German development agency, GTZ, presents a critical look at how nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) can partner with development agencies to advance reproductive rights. The first section deals with trends regarding sexual and reproductive health among youth in sub-Saharan Africa. The next section presents experiences with innovative approaches typically employed by NGOs in the area of sexual and RH such as community theater in Tanzania, peer education, and youth centers in Ghana. Following that are some examples of projects addressing specific target groups, including migrant girls, slum-dwellers, and women who have had an abortion. The fourth section discusses collaboration and networking with government services and other NGOs, the importance of the surrounding political climate for NGO work, and issues of sustainability. The final article reviews issues that cut across the experience of collaborating with NGOs, and respective lessons learned. It presents case studies from Ethiopia and Kenya.
Stockholm, Sweden, Kvinnoforum, 2002 Feb. 87 p.This third edition of the Resource Book for Working Against Trafficking in Women and Girls in the Baltic Sea Region serves as a useful tool for different actors working against trafficking in and around the area. It presents a global overview on what trafficking is about, introduces the networking projects conducted by Kvinnoforum and its partner organizations in six countries in the Baltic Sea Region, and provides contacting details and work of organizations, governmental institutions and others in the six countries.
[Unpublished] 1998 Nov. 10 p.The primary objective of the 1998-99 World Bank grant is to provide health and youth practitioners with new insights into adolescent health choices and behavior. This can be accomplished through the provision of technical assistance to the five nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) selected as partners in the program. The African Medical Research Foundation (AMREF) has been appointed as technical consultant to the five NGOs and will facilitate the process of arriving at indicators for adolescent sexual and reproductive behavioral changes. This report provides a detailed outline of the activities undertaken by the NGO partners from 1998 up to the present including the financial report. The initial process undertaken by the AMREF is also outlined. The five NGO partners selected include Health Systems Development Unit, Youth for Christ, Children's Resource Center, Community Outreach Project, and National Association of Child Care Workers.
ADOLESCENCE EDUCATION NEWSLETTER. 1998 Dec; 1(2):7-8.This article presents the initiatives undertaken by the government and other organizations to improve adolescent reproductive health in Bangladesh. The Health and Population Sector Programme under the 5-year Health and Population Sector Strategy (HPSS) of Bangladesh targeted married youth and soon-to-be-married adolescents. It has provided training of field workers so they can provide health services in an adolescent-friendly atmosphere. The Government has also collaborated with nongovernmental organizations and agencies that could help in the formulation of well-planned policy for adolescent health. These agencies include the UN International Children's Emergency Fund, UN Population Fund and WHO. In addition, on-going multisectoral coordination of various sectors, such as education, labor law and justice, youth and social affairs, has been developed and has contributed to the success of the Programme.
JOICFP NEWS. 1999 Jan; (295):2.64 representatives of UNFPA, Pathfinder, and the Johns Hopkins University, together with high-level representatives of Ministries of Health and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) from the Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru attended a conference on advocating sexuality education in school programs in the region. The conference, held October 22-26, 1998, was organized by JOICFP and the Mexican Foundation for Family Planning (MEXFAM) in collaboration with UNFPA and IPPF. Conference participants exchanged experiences upon sexuality education in school programs through group discussions and panel and country presentations. One goal of the conference was to strengthen the links between the various Ministries of Education and NGOs in the field of human sexuality. Recommendations for promoting adolescent reproductive health from Latin America and the Caribbean Region to ICPD+5 were made by 3 work groups and accepted by all participants as the outcome of the conference. Steps are currently being taken to develop and implement school curricula designed to raise the levels of awareness among youths of the important relationship between population and sustainable growth, as well as health issues and sexual equality.
VIETNAM POPULATION NEWS. 1998 Apr-Jun; (7):4-5.More than 8500 HIV/AIDS cases have thus far been reported in Vietnam. However, 6-10 times more people are actually estimated to be infected. In 1997, the government of Vietnam allocated about US$4 million to the country's national anti-AIDS program, and plans to mobilize another US$1 million for the program from domestic and international donors. Condom use needs to be promoted in Vietnam to help thwart the spread of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), to help reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies, and to garner greater male involvement and responsibility in family planning. Considerable efforts are being made to prevent the spread of HIV among Vietnam's youth. 90% of the more than 8500 HIV cases reported in Vietnam were among people under age 30 years, and about 5% were under age 19. In May 1998, the Vietnam Youth Union launched a nationwide program to help check the spread of HIV among youth, the UN Program for HIV/AIDS in Vietnam has targeted youth in its 1998 global anti-AIDS campaign, and UNICEF is developing youth-friendly activities such as youth clubs and youth mobile communication teams to improve youth's access to information and awareness. UNICEF is also working together with the Ministry of Education and Training to integrate life skills into the school curriculum, while the UNDCP is focusing upon HIV/AIDS prevention efforts among young drug users. UNFPA is working with the Youth Union to promote the use of condoms, disseminate information on HIV/AIDS, and integrate family planning and HIV/AIDS issues into the school curriculum, and the World Health Organization has pledged to stress the prevention and control of STDs for young people at risk.
FORUM. 1997 Jul; 13(1):3-4.The UNFPA sees International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)/WHR affiliates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) as important allies in implementing the plans of action developed at the international conferences in Cairo and Beijing. Since the family planning associations (FPAs) in the region helped to prepare the two conferences, they have key roles in implementing the subsequent agreements, as well as following them up at the national level. The regional affiliates need to develop advocacy activities which enhance existing national follow-up activities, promoting their programs where they do not exist. UNFPA's funds in LAC support sexual and reproductive health, including family planning; population and development strategies; and advocacy. Of these, sexual and reproductive health receives more than 70% of the financial aid for the region. Within sexual and reproductive health, priority is given to projects which serve adolescent populations and women's sexual and reproductive health. Countries have been divided into 3 categories based upon 7 indicators which allow the measurement of the degree to which they have met the goals established in the International Conference on Population and Development's Plan of Action for the year 2015. The author discusses UNFPA's relationship with governments and nongovernmental organizations, and how the UNFPA and IPPF/WHR can work cooperatively.
JOICFP NEWS. 1997 Sep; (279):3.JOICFP, under the "Training and Development, Production and Utilization of IEC Materials with Special Focus on Adolescents and Young Adults" project (RAS/96/P10) supported by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), is producing a still-image video concerning sexuality issues and reproductive health needs of Asian youth. The video will depict 1) an unmarried Vietnamese girl who has had a relationship with a young man and now faces the possibility of an unwanted pregnancy; 2) a Nepalese girl forced into an early marriage; and 3) a Philippine girl delivering her first child. Photos for the Vietnamese segment have been taken; the theme and storyline were developed in response to feedback from youth belonging to the Youth Union of Ho Chi Minh City. The video is being produced to inform decision makers and administrators of the realities faced by young people so that appropriate reproductive health policies and programs for youth can be created. Young people, ages 10-19, now account for one-fifth of the world's population.
Country report: Bangladesh. International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994.
[Unpublished] 1994. iv, 45 p.The country report prepared by Bangladesh for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development begins by highlighting the achievements of the family planning (FP)/maternal-child health (MCH) program. Political commitment, international support, the involvement of women, and integrated efforts have led to a decline in the population growth rate from 3 to 2.07% (1971-91), a decline in total fertility rate from 7.5 to 4.0% (1974-91), a reduction in desired family size from 4.1 to 2.9 (1975-89), a decline in infant mortality from 150 to 88/1000 (1975-92), and a decline in the under age 5 years mortality from 24 to 19/1000 (1982-90). In addition, the contraceptive prevalence rate has increased from 7 to 40% (1974-91). The government is now addressing the following concerns: 1) the dependence of the FP and health programs on external resources; 2) improving access to and quality of FP and health services; 3) promoting a demand for FP and involving men in FP and MCH; and 4) achieving social and economic development through economic overhaul and by improving education and the status of women and children. The country report presents the demographic context by giving a profile of the population and by discussing mortality, migration, and future growth and population size. The population policy, planning, and program framework is described through information on national perceptions of population issues, the evolution and current status of the population policy (which is presented), the role of population in development planning, and a profile of the national population program (reproductive health issues; MCH and FP services; information, education, and communication; research methodology; the environment, aging, adolescents and youth, multi-sectoral activities, women's status; the health of women and girls; women's education and role in industry and agriculture, and public interventions for women). The description of the operational aspects of population and family planning (FP) program implementation includes political and national support, the national implementation strategy, evaluation, finances and resources, and the role of the World Population Plan of Action. The discussion of the national plan for the future involves emerging and priority concerns, the policy framework, programmatic activities, resource mobilization, and regional and global cooperation.
IPPF OPEN FILE. 1994 Apr; 1.The third preparatory committee (PrepCom III) for the September 1994 International Conference on Population and Development will be held in New York during April 4-22. Nongovernmental organization (NGO) representatives will take the opportunity to lobby and brief government delegates on draft documents at this final such meeting before the conference convenes in September. Preparations thus far point to an increasing international recognition of individual needs. The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) hopes PrepCom III will ensure that this recognition is reflected in the final recommendations to the conference and that government delegates work with NGOs to provide an appropriate framework for Cairo. A variety of IPPF and FPA staff will take part in the government and NGO forums, with IPPF Secretary General Halfdan Mahler addressing the opening session. On April 5, Dr. Mahler will release the new IPPF report on adolescent sexuality, Understanding Adolescents, highlighting the negative consequences of ignoring the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people. Programs need to treat young people with respect and dignity. The report profiles some programs which have been successful in locales around the world. IPPF hopes to convince decision makers that their political and financial commitment is needed to secure the health and well-being of today's and tomorrow's young people. Another report on the unmet need for family planning services among marginalized populations in Uganda, El Salvador, Ghana, Palestine, and the Philippines will be presented at a reception hosted by Dr. Sai and Dr. Mahler.